H 210 x W 148 mm
41 figs. in black & white
Published Dec 2017
The stones dealt with in this study are non-figural (or aniconic) or, sometimes, semi-figural. They come from ritual contexts and, as such, act as a material representation of divine presence in their role as betyls. The Maltese islands are presented as a case study to demonstrate the phenomenon of continuity through a study of these stones.
Preface; 1.0 Introduction; 1.1 Aims and methodology; 1.2 Defining and identifying sacred stones; 1.3 Earliest known literary and iconographic evidence; 2.0 Stone cult in prehistoric Malta and Gozo; 2.1 Aniconic cults in relation to figurine-based cults in prehistoric Malta; 3.0 Tripillar shrines or altars; 4.0 Betyl amulets?; 5.0 More betyls from Tas-Silġ; 6.0 Stone worship at Ras il-Wardija, in Gozo; 7.0 A pair of ‘twin’ betyls; 8.0 A gilded betyl in the temple of Proserpina at Mtarfa; 9.0 Conclusion; Appendix I; Appendix II; Appendix III; Appendix IV; Bibliography; General Index