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H 245 x W 174 mm

200 pages

54 figures, 2 tables (colour throughout)

Published Dec 2023

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781803276182

Digital: 9781803276199

DOI 10.32028/9781803276182

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Photography; Virtual Heritage; Virtual Reality; Cultural Heritage; Archaeology; Historiography; 3D Modeling; Architectural History; Excavations; Interactive Computer Graphics

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From Photography to 3D Models and Beyond: Visualizations in Archaeology

By Donald H. Sanders

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This book explores the history of visual technology and archaeology and outlines how the introduction of interactive 3D computer modelling to the discipline parallels very closely the earlier integration of photography into archaeological fieldwork.






Chapter 1. How Archaeologists Learn About the Past

Excavation. One way we learn about the past

Site Visits. A second way we learn about the past

Data Dissemination. A third way we learn about the past



Chapter 2. A Brief History of Architectural Depictions


Development of Architectural / Archaeological Illustrations



Chapter 3. A History of Photography for Excavations

The 1830s and 1840s

The 1850s

The 1860s

The Late 19th Century

The 20th Century



Chapter 4. History of Interactive 3D Computer Modeling in Archaeology


The Emergence of 3D Computer Graphics

The 1980s

The 1990s and the Emergence of Virtual Heritage

Into the Third Millennium

Summary History of 3D Modeling in Archaeology

Parallels Between Photography in Archaeology and 3D Modeling in Archaeology



Chapter 5. When New Technology Replaces Old Technology


Historical Examples

Photography and Interactive Computer Graphics



Chapter 6. One Future of Archaeology


An Historical Summary

One Future for Archaeology. Building the multipast

Putting It All Together

Some Closing Thoughts






About the Author

Donald H. Sanders is trained and educated as an archaeologist, architectural historian, and architect. He helped pioneer the discipline of virtual heritage in the early 1990s and continues to innovate in the field. His special interest is the application of nontraditional methods (including interactive 3D computer graphics and behavioral science techniques) to the study and visualization of the past, pushing the boundaries of conventional archaeological interpretation. He founded Learning Sites, Inc., in 1996, and the Institute for the Visualization of History, Inc., in 2001, to actualize these innovations by creating virtual reconstructions of the ancient world for museums, schools, scholars, and broadcast media. He has been an invited keynote speaker at venues around the world; and publications by him or about his companies have appeared in journals, newspapers, books, and magazines in over a dozen countries. Sanders is the Tartessos Prize winner in virtual heritage for 2015 and Corporate Vision Executive Award winner for 2016.