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H 248 x W 185 mm

96 pages

Illustrated in colour throughout

Published Aug 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781803273044

Digital: 9781803273051

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Frontiers of the Roman Empire

Frontiers of the Roman Empire: The Saxon Shore and the Maritime Coast

Frontières de l’Empire Romain : Le Litus Saxonicum et la Côte Maritime

By David J. Breeze, Tony Wilmott, Sofie Vanhoutte, Richard Bridgland

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The North Sea and Channel coasts form the geographic frontier of the Roman Empire with the sea – the edge of the then known world. This border represents a page in military maritime history, but its coasts, in Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium and France, contain archaeological sites of high heritage value that deserve a large audience.



Foreword by Raymond Brulet ;
Common cultural heritage of the Roman Empire ;
The Roman Empire ;
Frontiers and trade ;
The “Frontiers of the Roman Empire” World Heritage Site ;
The definition of a World Heritage Site ;
The task ahead ;
History and extent of frontiers ;
Rome´s foreign policy ;
The location of frontiers ;
The army and frontiers ;
The purpose of frontiers ;
Soldiers and civilians ;
Military administration ;
Research on Roman frontiers ;
Inscriptions and documents ;
Survey and excavation ;
Aerial survey ;
Protection and presentation of frontiers ;
Future perspectives ;

The Claudian invasion of Britain ;
The Classis Britannica ;
Coastal defence to the mid-3rd century ;
The impact of increasing threat in the later 3rd century ;
The developed British Shore Forts ;
Carausius and the chronology of the British forts ;
The Saxon Shore ;
4th-century fort life ;
The end ;

About the Author

Professor David J. Breeze has published several books on Roman frontiers and the Roman army. He is a former chairman of the International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies.

Tony Wilmott is a Senior Archaeologist for Historic England. He has directed many excavations on the frontiers of Roman Britain including on the Hadrian’s Wall fort of Birdoswald, and on the Saxon Shore at Richborough.

Sofie Vanhoutte is Heritage Researcher - Archaeology for Flanders Heritage Agency (Belgium) and Teaching Assistant Archaeology at Ghent University. She has directed several excavations at and around the Roman fort at Oudenburg and has made a PhD on this fort site and its significance within the wider context of the Roman North Sea and Channel frontier zone.

Richard Bridgland is a researcher of marine aspects of the Roman Empire for many years, with particular interest in Saxon Shore studies.