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H 245 x W 175 mm

196 pages

41 figures, 2 tables

Published Feb 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789699852

Digital: 9781789699869

DOI 10.32028/9781789699852

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Ancient Egypt; Kingship; Time; Ideology; Philosophy; Tutankhamun; Cosmology; Mythology; Duality; Ontology; Religion; Dynastic Egypt

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Archaeopress Egyptology 38

Tutankhamun Knew the Names of the Two Great Gods: Dt and nHH as Fundamental Concepts of Pharaonic Ideology

By Steven R.W. Gregory

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Tutankhamun Knew the Names of the Two Great Gods offers a new interpretation of the terms Dt and nHH as fundamental concepts of Pharaonic ideology, terms that, until now, have often been treated as synonyms reflecting notions related to the vastness of time.



Introduction ;

Chapter 1: Time ;
Notions of Dt and nHH as presented in modern Western scholarship ;
The nature of time ;
The metaphysical-physical duality ;

Chapter 2: Reality ;
Eternity and sempiternity: echoes of the Dt-nHH duality ;
Greeks in Egypt ;
Practitioners in the House of Life ;
Ancient Egyptian influences in the works of Plato ;

Chapter 3: Contexts ;
The principal texts ;
Synonymity ;
Dt and nHH in the age of the Pyramid Texts ;
For ever and ever again: the reading of the phrase Dt Dt ;
Dt and nHH in the age of the Coffin Texts ;
Dt and nHH as aspects of creation ;

Chapter 4: Graphics ;
The components of nHH ;
The constituents of Dt ;

Chapter 5: Ideology ;
The royal epithet ;
The realisation of ma‘at ;
Horus kingship in relation to Dt and nHH ;
The king in time and the ever-present ideal ;
The ritual landscape as a reflection of Dt in nHH ;

Chapter 6: Exegeses ;
The Dt-nHH duality in textual analysis ;
Two Coffin Texts ;
Speos Artemidos ;
The Neskhons document ;
Afterlife ;

Chapter 7: Misdirection ;
The illusion of philosophical dissociation ;
The misconstrual of Dt and nHH as Egyptology evolved ;
Religious doctrine and political ideology ;

Epilogue ;

Bibliography ;


About the Author

Steven Gregory studied Egyptology at the University of Exeter and later at the University of Birmingham – but mainly in the surviving monuments of Egypt itself, where the notions forming the basis of this book took shape. The final thesis was developed over a period of some 17 years during which research in the field was punctuated by periods of teaching in both adult and higher education. While teaching at the University of Birmingham the author joined colleagues in founding the student and alumni group, Birmingham Egyptology, and became the first editor of the Birmingham Egyptology Journal. Meanwhile continuing research, focussed on the interpretation of texts and iconography to determine aspects of pharaonic ideology, led to the publication of articles in a variety of academic journals and edited volumes, and the monograph, Herihor in Art and Iconography.