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H 276 x W 203 mm

276 pages

230 figures (colour throughout)

Published Sep 2020

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789696950

Digital: 9781789696967

DOI 10.32028/9781789696950

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Gandhāran art; Pakistan; global connections; Hellenistic Greek rule; Roman Empire; Central Asia

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The Global Connections of Gandhāran Art

Proceedings of the Third International Workshop of the Gandhāra Connections Project, University of Oxford, 18th-19th March, 2019

Edited by Wannaporn Rienjang, Peter Stewart

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This volume addresses directly the question of cross-cultural influence on and by Gandhāran art. The contributors wrestle with old controversies, particularly the notion that Gandhāran art is a legacy of Hellenistic Greek rule in Central Asia and the growing consensus around the important role of the Roman Empire in shaping it.



PrefaceWannaporn Rienjang and Peter Stewart (vi-vii): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-1 ;

Part 1 Global perspectives ;
Gandhāra perceptions: the orbit of Gandhāran studiesWarwick Ball (1-25): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-2 ;

Part 2 The Graeco-Roman connection ;
On the crossroads of disciplines: Tonio Hölscher’s theory of understanding Roman art images and its implications for the study of western influence(s) in Gandhāran artMartina Stoye (29-49): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-3 ;
Roman sarcophagi and Gandhāran sculpturePeter Stewart (50-85): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-4 ;
The transmission of Dionysiac imagery to Gandhāran Buddhist artTadashi Tanabe (86-101): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-5 ;

Part 3 Asian influences ;
Buddha on the Rocks: Gandhāran connections through the Karakorum mountainsM. E. J. J. van Aerde, A. D. L. Mohns, and A. G. Khan (105-134): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-6 ;
Buddhist temples in Tukhāristān and their relationships with Gandhāran traditionsShumpei Iwai (135-155): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-7 ;
More Gandhāra than Mathurā: substantial and persistent Gandhāran influences provincialized in the Buddhist material culture of Gujarat and beyond, c. AD 400-550Ken Ishikawa (156-204): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-8 ;

Part 4 Gandhāra and China ;
Cross-cultural Buddhist monastery ruins on the Silk Road and beyond: the layout and function of Buddhist monasteries reconsideredJoy Yi Lidu (207-233): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-11 ;
The sinicization and secularization of some Graeco-Buddhist gods in ChinaJuping Yang (234-247): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-9 ;

Part 5 Epilogue ;
De-fragmenting Gandhāran art: advancing analysis through digital imaging and visualizationIan Haynes, Iwan Peverett, Wannaporn Rienjang with contributions by Luca M. Olivieri (251-264): DOI: 10.32028/9781789696950-10

About the Author

Wannaporn Rienjang obtained her doctorate in Archaeology from University of Cambridge. She is now Lecturer in Archaeology, Museum and Heritage Studies at the Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology, Thammasat University and a project consultant for the Gandhāra Connections Project at the Classical Art Research Centre, Oxford. Her research focuses on the art and archaeology of Greater Gandhāra, Indian Ocean Trade and ancient working technologies of stone beads and vessels. ;

Peter Stewart is Director of the Classical Art Research Centre and Associate Professor of Classical Art and Archaeology at the University of Oxford. He has worked widely in the field of ancient sculpture. His publications include Statues in Roman Society: Representation and Response (2003) and The Social History of Roman Art (2008). Much of his research concerns the relationship between Gandhāran art and Roman sculpture.


'Overall, the work is well illustrated and well documented, its particular value in providing new methods of investiagation (Stoye) and material not readily accessible to those without a knowledge of Oriental languages and script.' – Michael Weiskopf (2023): Ancient West and East 22