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H 276 x W 203 mm

350 pages

Illustrated throughout in colour and black & white (92 plates in colour)

Published Mar 2019

Archaeopress Access Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789691726

Digital: 9781789691733

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TephroArchaeology; Japan; North Pacific; kazanbai kōkogaku; WAC8; Kyoto; Volcanic Archaeology; Archaeological Volcanology; Geology

TephroArchaeology in the North Pacific

Edited by Gina L. Barnes, Tsutomu Soda

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‘TephroArchaeology’ (from the Japanese, kazanbai kōkogaku – lit. volcanic ash archaeology), refers to a sub-discipline of archaeology developed in Japan in the last few decades. This book brings into the English-speaking world tephroarchaeological investigations by archaeologists in Japan whose results are usually only accessible in Japanese.



Preface; Chapter 1. Gina L. BARNES, “Introduction to TephroArchaeology”; Chapter 2. SODA Tsutomu, “Tephroarchaeology and its history in Japan”; Chapter 3. KUWAHATA Mitsuhiro, “Volcanic disaster archaeology: comments on methodological prospects and issues”; Chapter 4. Gerald OETELAAR, “Volcanic ash and landscape evolution: reconstruction of a 7000-year old landscape on the northwestern Great Plains of North America”; Chapter 5. Ben FITZHUGH, Caroline FUNK & Jody BOURGEOIS, “Volcanoes and settlement in the North Pacific: late Holocene settlement patterns in the Western Aleutian and Kuril Islands”; Chapter 6. MURAKAMI Yoshinao, “Katakai-Ienoshita Site, Akita, buried by the Mt Towada lahar in the 10th century”; Chapter 7. Keith PRATT, “Portrait of a volcano: the paradox of Paektu (Changbaishan)”; Chapter 8. MARUYAMA Kōji, “Volcanic disaster research using archaeological methods: 10th-century eruptions and population movements in northern Tōhoku, Japan”; Chapter 9. HORAGUCHI Masashi, “TephroArchaeology in the Gunma region”; Chapter 10. SUGIYAMA Hidehiro, “Disasters at Kanai, Gunma, by Mt Haruna eruptions in the Kofun Period”; Chapter 11. SAKAGUCHI Hajime, “Archaeological investigation of the seasonality and duration of the 6th-century eruptions from Mt Haruna”; Chapter 12. KUWAHATA Mitsuhiro, “Restoration of agricultural assets after volcanic disasters in southwest Japan”; Chapter 13. Gina L. BARNES, “Tephra-derived soils of Japan in comparative context”; Chapter 14. NOTO Takeshi & Gina L. BARNES, “Farming tephrogenic soils in Gunma: before and after volcanic eruptions”; Chapter 15. Torill Christine LINDSTRØM, “TephroArchaeology: past, present, and future”; Appendix A. Gina L. BARNES, “A Map and Chronological Charts”; Appendix B. Gina L. BARNES, “Volcanic Geology”; Appendix C. Gina L. BARNES, “Tectonic Setting of North Pacific Volcanoes”; Appendix D. Gina L. BARNES, “Volcanic Soils Geochemistry”; Appendix E. MACHIDA Hiroshi & ARAI Fusao, “The History of Tephra Characterization in Japan”; Glossary and Character Index by Chapter; Index I: Archaeological Sites; Index II: Volcanoes and Related Geological Terms

About the Author

Gina L. BARNES: Professor Emeritus, Durham University, Barnes earned her PhD in Anthropology at the University of Michigan, followed by a career teaching East Asian Archaeology at Cambridge and Durham Universities. In addition to her cultural studies (State Formation in Korea, State Formation in Japan, Routledge 2001, 2007), she has always been involved in landscape archaeology and geoarchaeology. After taking a late BSc in Geology with the Open University, she formulated the subdiscipline of Tectonic Archaeology with her publications on Japanese Island geology, earthquake archaeology, tsunami archaeology, and now tephroarchaeology. She is a Professorial Research Associate at SOAS University of London, and an Affiliate of the Earth Sciences Department at Durham University. Her major publication, Archaeology of East Asia (Oxbow, 2015) is widely used as a textbook, and the Society for East Asian Archaeology (SEAA), which she founded in 1996, is the major professional venue for archaeologists of China, Korea and Japan. | SODA Tsutomu: As a Doctor of Science (Geography) from Tokyo Metropolitan University, Soda studied tephra identification within Quaternary research in Japan under the doyens of tephrochronology, MACHIDA Hiroshi and ARAI Fusao. His research extends throughout Japan but focusses on Gunma Prefecture, having established Gunma’s natural history in the Quaternary and cooperating with archaeologists to research the history of natural hazards in this active volcanic area. He is a major tephrochronologist for archaeology in Japan, formerly with the Palaeoenvironment Research Institute Co, Ltd., but now running his own Institute of Tephrochronology for Nature and History, Co. Ltd., in Maebashi, Gunma. He teaches physical geography at Maebashi Institute of Technology since 1997 and lectures at Waseda and Gunma Universities. His research papers include contributions to the History of Gunma Prefecture (Gunma Pref., 1990), Kazanbai Kokogaku (Kokon-shoin, 1993), Kokogaku noTame no Nendai Sokuteigaku Nyumon (Kokon-shoin, 1999), and the Manual of Kankyo Kokogaku (Doseisha, 2003).


This excellent book provides an incredibly valuable introduction to the field of tephroarchaeology, particularly as practiced in Japan... For me, then, this book was a very much unexpected pleasure to read and a real inspiration for future research.