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H 290 x W 205 mm

152 pages

60 figures, 15 tables

Published Apr 2024

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781803277516

Digital: 9781803277523

DOI 10.32028/9781803277516

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Northamptonshire; Neolithic; Bronze Age; Iron Age; Roman; MOLA; Excavations

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Neolithic Pits, Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age Pit Alignments and Iron Age to Roman Settlements at Wollaston Quarry, Northamptonshire

By Rob Atkins, Ian Meadows

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Between 1990 and 1998, MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) undertook a series of archaeological excavations within Wollaston Quarry covering an area of 116ha. Eight excavation areas and a watching brief were undertaken revealing evidence of Neolithic pits, late Bronze Age/early Iron Age pit alignments and Iron Age to Roman settlements.



Chapter 1. Introduction

Project background

Archaeological background

Topography and geology

Summary of sites and site chronology

Site phasing


Chapter 2. The archaeological evidence

Period 0: Lower Palaeolithic to early Mesolithic (40000-7000BC) (Figs 2.1-2.3)

Period 1: Late Mesolithic/Early Neolithic to middle Bronze Age (7000-1100BC) (Figs 2.1-2.3)

Period 2: Late Bronze Age to early Iron Age (1100-400BC) (Figs 2.1 and 2.4)

Periods 3-5: Middle Iron Age to late Roman (400BC-AD400): sites to the north of Hardwater Road

Period 6: Saxon


Chapter 3. Finds

Lower Palaeolithic hand axes by William Boismier

Wollaston polissoir by JT Rowland

Flint from the excavations by Ian Meadows

The later Neolithic pottery by Alex Gibson

Early Prehistoric (Period 1) pottery by Jane Timby

Early Iron Age to Saxon pottery by Jane Timby

Fired clay objects by Ian Meadows

Brooches by D F Mackreth

Roman coins, metal objects and glass by Ian Meadows

Roman shoes by June Swann

The querns and millstones by Andy Chapman


Chapter 4. Human, faunal and environmental evidence

Human bone by Simon Chapman

Macroscopic plant and invertebrate remains in Settlement 1 by Mark Robinson

Phosphate analysis of Settlement 2 layer (5421) by J L Heathcote

Pollen analysis of Settlement 8 late Roman water hole/ well [1060] by Z Ruiz, A G Brown, P G Langdon


Chapter 5. Discussion

Period 0: Lower Palaeolithic to early Mesolithic (c.200000-7000BC)

Period 1: Late Mesolithic/early Neolithic to middle Bronze Age (7000-1100BC)

Period 2: Late Bronze Age to early Iron Age (1100-400BC)

Periods 3 and 4: Middle to late Iron Age (400BC to AD43)

Periods 4-5: Latest Iron Age to late Roman (c.AD0-cAD400)

Period 6: Saxon