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H 290 x W 205 mm

328 pages

75 figures, 94 plates, 52 tables, 22 charts (colour throughout)

Published Jun 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN

Paperback: 9781803271521

Digital: 9781803271538

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Keywords
Fenland; Neolithic; Beaker; Bronze Age; Iron Age; barrows; farmstead; smithy; metalworking; landscape; burial; ancestors

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Phoenix Consulting Archaeology Limited

Waterlands: Prehistoric Life at Bar Pasture, Pode Hole Quarry, Peterborough

Edited by Andy Richmond, Karen Francis, Gary Coates

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Presenting the results of a decade-long archaeological investigation at Bar Pasture Farm, Pode Hole Quarry, Peterborough, this book represents one of the most significant landscape excavations carried out in recent years. The 55-hectare site was the scene of human activity on the fenland edge from the Mesolithic through to the Late Iron Age.

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Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction ;
Background to the Project ;
Project Aims ;
Methodology ;
Report Structure ;

Chapter 2: The Project Area ;
The Landscape Context ;
The Geological Context ;
Implications for Archaeological Survival ;
The Archaeological Context ;

Chapter 3: The Excavations ;
Summary ;
PERIOD 0: MESOLITHIC (c. 9000 to 3500 BC) ;
PERIOD 1: EARLY TO LATE NEOLITHIC (c. 3800 to 2000 BC) ;
PERIOD 2A: BEAKER (c. 2400-1900 BC) ;
PERIOD 2B: EARLY BRONZE AGE (1916-1640 cal BC) ;
PERIOD 3: MIDDLE BRONZE AGE (c. 1600-1100 BC) ;
PERIOD 3A: EARLY MIDDLE BRONZE AGE (1623-1463 cal BC) ;
PERIOD 3B: LATER MIDDLE BRONZE AGE (1400-1130 cal BC) ;
PERIOD 4: LATE BRONZE AGE TO EARLY IRON AGE (c. 1100 - 500 BC) ;
PERIOD 4A: LATE BRONZE AGE (c. 1100 - 800 BC) ;
PERIOD 4B: LATE BRONZE AGE / EARLY IRON AGE (c. 800-500 BC) ;
PERIOD 5: MIDDLE TO LATE IRON AGE (EARLY LA TÈNE) ;
PERIOD 5A: EARLY LA TÈNE IRON AGE 1 (511-207 cal BC) ;
PERIOD 5B: EARLY LA TÈNE IRON AGE 2 (350-53 cal BC) ;

Chapter 4: Material Culture ;
Introduction ;
PREHISTORIC POTTERY – Elaine L Morris ;
CLAY WEIGHTS – Elaine L Morris ;
FIRED CLAY – Elaine L Morris ;
BRIQUETAGE – Elaine L Morris ;
ROMAN POTTERY – Ruth Leary ;
STRUCK LITHICS – Hugo Anderson-Whymark ;
QUERNS – Karen Francis ;
METALWORKING RESIDUES – Gerry McDonnell ;

Chapter 5: Environmental Archaeology ;
THE PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL REMAINS – John Summers ;
POLLEN – Rob Scaife and Catherine Langdon ;
CARBONISED PLANT MACROFOSSILS – John Summers ;
WATERLOGGED PLANT MACROFOSSILS – John Summers ;
CHARCOAL – John Summers ;
PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL SUMMARY – John Summers ;
WATERLOGGED WOOD – Michael Bamforth and Maisie Taylor ;
ANIMAL BONE – Julia E M Cussans and James Rackham ;

Chapter 6: Human BoneKatie Keefe, Elina Petersone-Gordina and Malin Holst, with contributions by Harriet Jacklin ;

Chapter 7: Discussion and Synthesis ;
INTRODUCTION ;
THE EARLIEST EVIDENCE ;
EARLY TO LATE NEOLITHIC ;
BEAKER ;
EARLY BRONZE AGE ;
MIDDLE BRONZE AGE ;
LATE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE ;
LATE BRONZE AGE ;
LATE BRONZE AGE / EARLY IRON AGE ;
EARLY LA TÈNE IRON AGE 1 ;
EARLY LA TÈNE IRON AGE 2 ;
RE-USE OF A ONCE ABANDONED LANDSCAPE ;

Appendix A: Prehistoric Pottery, Ceramic Phases 1-5 ;

Appendix B: XRF Methodology ;

Appendix C: Table 22. Waterlogged plant macrofossil remains from selected contexts ;

Appendix D: Table 23. Quantified charcoal data from selected contexts ;

Appendix E: Table 53. Radiocarbon results ;

Bibliography

About the Author

Andy Richmond has over 30 years’ experience as a professional archaeologist. He holds a doctorate in archaeology from the University of Reading, is a full Member of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists and an elected Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London. He has published archaeological works in numerous national journals over the past two decades.

Karen Francis is an experienced field- and research archaeologist, with a degree in Archaeology and Prehistory from the University of Sheffield and is a full Member of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists. She has published extensively, including the significant San Vincenzo al Volturno excavations for the British School at Rome and the Cardini Survey and Butrint excavations in Albania.

Gary Coates has managed large-scale archaeological projects for the past 20 years and published on the same. He holds a degree in Archaeology from the University of Birmingham and is a full Member of the Chartered Institute for Archaeologists.