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H 290 x W 205 mm

906 pages

383 figures, 31 tables (colour throughout)

Published May 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology


Hardback: 9781803270647

Digital: 9781803270654

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Apulia; Lucania; Puglia; Basilicata; South Italy; Archaeology; Field survey; Settlement; Rural; Material culture; Romanization; Neolithic; Bronze Age; Iron Age; Late Antiquity; Roman imperial estate; Transhumance; Ceramic typology

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Archaeology on the Apulian – Lucanian Border

By Alastair Small, Carola Small

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The broad valley of the Bradano river and its tributary, the Basentello, separates the Apennine mountains in Lucania from the limestone plateau of the Murge in Apulia in southeast Italy. This book aims to explain how the pattern of settlement and land use changed in the valley over the whole period from the Neolithic to the late medieval.



Preface ;
Acknowledgements ;
Section I: General introduction ;
Section II: The Basentello Valley field survey 1996-2008: An overview ;
Section III: Diachronic interpretations ;
Chapter I. The Palaeolithic period ;
Chapter II. The Neolithic period ;
Chapter III. The Eneolithic Period ;
Chapter IV. The Bronze Age ;
Chapter V. The Final Bronze Age (ca. 1200-1000BC) / Early Iron Age I (ca. 1000-750BC) ;
Chapter VI. The Early Iron Age II (Period Gravina II) ca. 750–675 BC and Middle Iron Age (ca. 675–500 BC) ;
Chapter VII. The Late Iron Age: (Lucanian/Late Peucetian period) ;
Chapter VIII. The Hellenistic Period ;
Chapter IX. The Roman Imperial Period ;
Chapter X. The Late Roman Empire ;
Chapter XI. Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages ;
Chapter XII. The Middle Ages. Late 7th to 13/14th century ;
Section IV: List of sites ;
Section V: Catalogue of artefacts ;
Section VI: The older surveys ;
Figures for artefacts ;
Plates for artefacts ;
Bibliography ;
Appendix: Le anfore dalla valle del Basentello: ricostruire la rete dei commerci e dei consumi delle derrate

About the Author

Alastair Small FSA, FSAS, is Professor Emeritus of the University of Alberta, and Honorary Professorial Fellow at Edinburgh University, School of History, Classics and Archaeology. He began studying the archaeology of South Italy in 1964 as a doctoral student at Oxford University, and has published extensively on the subject. He has edited and contributed largely to monographs on excavations on Botromagno near Gravina in Puglia, and at Monte Irsi and San Giovanni di Ruoti in Basilicata. These range in date from the Early Iron Age to Late Antiquity. In 1996 he and Carola Small initiated a ten-year project of field survey in the Basentello valley which explores the territorial context of Botromagno and Monte Irsi, and led to the first phase of excavation at Vagnari. ;

Carola Small is Professor Emerita at the University of Alberta where she taught Medieval History for almost 30 years and, since retirement in 1997, Honorary Professorial Fellow in the Department of History, Classics and Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh. Her research work was initially in Later Medieval France though she has also published articles on 13th century South Italy based on documentary evidence. Since 1980 she has joined her husband Alastair Small on his archaeological expeditions. Her interest in surface survey began with exploring the area round his excavations at San Giovanni di Ruoti and after retirement she became involved in the field survey presented as the core part of this book, taking over much of the direction of it when he opened up a dig at Vagnari in the survey area. She also studied the medieval documentary evidence for the survey area and its environs.


'In summary, this is an impressive publication that simultaneously offers new primary data and a truly detailed, wide-ranging and up-to-date regional synthesis. It is also a fitting monument to the authors’ sustained fieldwork and scholarship in this region over a period of more than 50 years.' – Robert Witcher (2023): Medieval Archaeology vol 67.2