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H 245 x W 174 mm

280 pages

16 colour figures

Published Jun 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781803270449

Digital: 9781803270456

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Crete; Minoan; Bronze Age; Marija Gimbutas; Archaeomythology; Gender; Women; Aegean; Matriarchal; Goddesses; Spirituality

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Matriarchy in Bronze Age Crete

A Perspective from Archaeomythology and Modern Matriarchal Studies

By Joan M. Cichon

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This book makes a compelling case for a matriarchal Bronze Age Crete. It is acknowledged that the preeminent deity was a Female Divine, and that women played a major role in Cretan society, but there is a lively, ongoing debate regarding the centrality of women in Bronze Age Crete. a gap in the scholarly literature which this book seeks to fill.



List of Figures ;
Preface ;
Introduction ;
Chapter 1: Literature Review ;
Chapter 2: Methodology ;
Chapter 3: Theoretical Context: Matriarchy / Patriarchy Debates ;
Chapter 4: The Mother Goddess of Crete: Interpreting the Archaeological Record, Iconography, and Sacred Sites, Using Cultural Context, Mythology, and Historical Correlates ;
Chapter 5: Analysis of the Iconography of the Mother Goddess in Crete ;
Chapter 6: The Role of Women in Bronze Age Crete: Bull-Leapers, Priestesses, Queens, and Property Holders ;
Chapter 7: Models of Rulership: the Paucity of Images of Male Rulers; the Images of Female Rulers ;
Chapter 8: Was Bronze Age Crete a Matriarchy? ;

About the Author

Joan Marie Cichon, a retired history professor and reference librarian, has a PhD in Philosophy and Religion from the California Institute of Integral Studies. She has published articles on the Cretan Mother Goddess, the origins of the Eleusinian Mysteries, and archaeomythology. For the past twenty-five years she has spent several months in Crete each year studying, visiting archaeological sites and museums, and exploring the island. This publication is a product of her ongoing research interests.