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H 276 x W 203 mm

100 pages

47 figures (17 colour pages)

Published Jun 2020

Archaeopress Access Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789696578

Digital: 9781789696585

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Egyptology; Old Kingdom; Cartouche; Pyramids; Architecture; Encircling Symbolism

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On the Origins of the Cartouche and Encircling Symbolism in Old Kingdom Pyramids

By David Ian Lightbody

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This study suggests the development of the cartouche was closely related to the monumental encircling symbolism incorporated into the architectural designs of the Old Kingdom pyramids. By employing a new architectural style and a new iconographic symbol, the pharaoh sought to elevate his status above that of the members of his powerful court.



Foreword ;
Introduction ;
Architectural expressions of encircling symbolism ;
Eary Dynastic Period (Dynasties One and Two) ;
Third Dynasty ;
Fourth Dynasty ;
Fifth Dynasty ;
Sixth Dynasty ;
Later Kingdoms ;
Conclusions ;
Glossary ;
Catalogue ;
Addendum: A mathematical note ;
Bibliography ;

About the Author

David Ian Lightbody, PhD., BEng (Hons), is an archaeologist with a special interest in the origins of architectural and scientific principles, most notably in the ancient Egyptian and Greek cultures. In 2016 he founded the Journal of Ancient Egyptian Architecture (JAEA) with co-editor Franck Monnier. He has published several journal articles, a monograph, and most recently, the Great Pyramid Haynes Operations Manual (2,590 B.C. onwards).