book cover
Download Sample PDF

H 245 x W 175 mm

138 pages

70 figures, colour throughout

Published Sep 2020

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789694321

Digital: 9781789694338

Recommend to a librarian

Turkish Long-Necked Lute; Saz; Bağlama; Anatolia; Ottoman Empire; Folk Music

Related titles

The Turkish Long-Necked Lute Saz or Bağlama

By Hans de Zeeuw

Includes PDF

PDF eBook
(personal use)

PDF eBook
(institutional use)

Add to basket

Add to wishlist

The saz or bağlama, a generic name for long-necked lutes in Turkey, plays an important role in Turkish musical culture. This volume focusses on the instrument's cultural-historical background while briefly discussing various saz or bağlama types and their construction, tuning, and playing techniques.



Preface and Acknowledgements ;

General Introduction ;

Chapter-1 Historical Background
Tanbûr, Saz, Bağlama ;
Early and Late Antiquity ;
The Spike Lute ;
The Necked Lute ;
The Sâsânian Tunbûr ;
The Umayyad and Abbâsid Tanbûrs
The Rum-Seljuks ;
The Anatolian Long-Necked Lutes ;
The Ottoman Empire ;
Court and City ;
The Saz in the Work of European Artists and Travellers ;
The Saz in Anatolian Folk Music ;
The Saz in the Âşık, Alevî, and Bektaşî Tradition ;
The Diffusion of the Saz
The Republic of Turkey ;
The Saz and the Establishment of a National Musical Culture ;
The Development of the Contemporary Bağlama ;
Towards a New Generation of Bağlamas ;
Trends in Bağlama Performance
Migration and the Bağlama in Western Europe ;
The Bağlama in the 21st Century ;

Chapter-2 Variation versus Standardization ;
The Bağlama Family ;
The Cura ;
The Bağlama ;
The Tambura ;
The Divan Sazı ;
The Meydan Sazı
Variation versus Standardization ;

Chapter-3 Construction ;
The Choice of Wood ;
The Drying of Wood
Construction Process ;
Bowl ;
Soundboard ;
Frets, Bridge, and Strings ;

Chapter-4 Tuning ;
String Tuning ;
Fret Tuning ;
Countryside ;

Chapter-5 Playing Technique ;
Playing Position ;
Finger Positions ;
Plectrum Techniques ;
Finger Techniques ;
Execution Melody ;
Horizontal Techniques ;
Vertical Techniques

Glossary of Musical Instruments and Terms ;

Discography ;

Bibliography ;

Illustration Credits ;

A Note on Turkish ;


About the Author

Hans de Zeeuw began to take bağlama lessons and became interested in its long and fascinating history while working at the Free University in Amsterdam and studying at the Open University. This led him to decide to break of his studies and focus, for many years, on research into the Turkish saz or bağlama under the supervision of Dr Leo Plenckers of the Department of Musicology of the University of Amsterdam and Dr Okan Murat Öztürk of the Devlet Konservatuvarı of the Başkent Üniversitesi in Ankara.