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H 255 x W 205 mm

70 pages

40 figures (colour throughout)

Published Jul 2019

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789692907

Digital: 9781789692914

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Roman Britain; Kent; Derwent Valley; Lullingstone; Roman Villa; Mosaic; Interiors; Architecture; Romano-British society

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Culture and Society at Lullingstone Roman Villa

By Caroline K. Mackenzie

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Richly illustrated and clearly written, Culture and Society at Lullingstone Roman Villa articulates a thoughtful and original approach to this remarkable site. It presents extensive scholarly research in an accessible manner and is recommended reading for academics and enthusiasts alike.



Preface and Acknowledgements

Chapter One: Introduction

Chapter Two: The villa within its landscape setting and the role of topography in the owner’s self-representation
Landscape setting
Ancillary buildings
Circular shrine and temple-mausoleum
Comparable villas
A further case study: Chedworth

Chapter Three: The choice and use of mosaics in the fourth century villa: how the patron presented his cultural identity and status through pavements
Grand designs
The central room
The seasons
The apse
Europa and the bull
The inscription
An incongruous combination?
Classical literature in other Romano-British villas

Chapter Four: Additional reconstructions of the villa
The villa within its landscape setting
The villa’s interior space and decoration
Summary of reconstructions

Chapter Five: Conclusion

Online sources

About the Author

Caroline K. Mackenzie read Classics at Pembroke College, Cambridge. After Cambridge, she continued her studies at law school where she was awarded a distinction and then practised as a Private Client solicitor in London for over a decade. Caroline subsequently pursued a teaching career, first as a law lecturer and then as Head of Classics at a preparatory school in Sevenoaks, Kent. In 2018 Caroline was awarded a Master of Arts with distinction in Classical Art and Archaeology at King’s College London.

Caroline teaches and leads a variety of courses on Latin and Greek, and on Classical Art and Archaeology; she has lectured for English Heritage who invited her to deliver a study day including a private tour of Lullingstone Roman Villa.


This book offers a unique interpretation of the Lullingstone Roman Villa in the Darent Valley of Kent, exploring how its inhabitants used space to assert their position in society, as well as their cultural identity... Richly illustrated with photographs of mosaics and wall-paintings from the villa, as well as reconstruction drawings of how both the interior and exterior may have looked during the Roman period, it takes the reader on an in-depth, but not remote, tour of the villa. - Kathryn Krakowka (2019), Current Archaeology, Issue 356
The author weaves into her text numerous references to other villas and compares them with Lullingstone. This feature and the broader discussion of the social setting makes the book much more than a guide-book. It is a ‘must’ for anyone planning to visit Lullingstone and has much to offer any reader with an interest in Roman Britain. - Rupert Jackson (2021), Classics for All