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H 297 x W 210 mm

200 pages

150 figures, 14 tables (colour throughout)

Published Apr 2019

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781789691788

Digital: 9781789691795

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Oman; copper; metallurgy; ancient mining; smelting; archaeometallurgy; Mesopotamia

The Archaeological Heritage of Oman 2

Magan – The Land of Copper

Prehistoric Metallurgy of Oman

By Claudio Giardino

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This volume describes the geography and environments of Oman, its rich copper ore deposits and the ancient mining and smelting techniques, and it also includes an overview of the physical properties of the different metals exploited in antiquity and of the analytical techniques used in archaeometallurgy.



List of illustrations and tables



1 – A country of environmental diversities

2 – A geological and mineralogical overview

3 – Basic elements of metallurgy

4 – Copper for Sumer

5 – The earliest appearance of metalworking

6 – Early Bronze Age: the Hafit period, ca. 3200-2800 BC

7 – Early Bronze Age: the Umm an-Nar period, ca. 2800-2000 BC

8 – The prehistoric copper mines

9 – Copper smelting in prehistoric Oman

10 – Middle and Late Bronze Age: the Wadi Suq period. ca. 2000-1300 BC

11 – Early Iron Age, ca. 1300-300 BC

12 – Chemical-Physical Analyses by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) – by Claudio Giardino and Giovanni Paternoster

Bibliographical references


About the Author

Claudio Giardino is Associate Professor of Prehistory and Protohistory at the University of Salento (Lecce, Italy), where he also teaches Prehistoric Archaeometallurgy at the Post-graduate School of Archaeology.