H 290 x W 205 mm
11 tables, 113 figures (86 plates in colour)
Published Mar 2019
use-wear analysis; residues analysis; Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy; Scanning Electron Microscope with Energy-Dispersive X-ray analyser; recycling; small flakes; Late Lower Palaeolithic; Levant
Qesem Cave (Israel) acts here as a case study to explore two important topics from the Middle Pleistocene: the practice of recycling old discarded flakes for the production of new objects by means of recycling, and the production of flakes and tools of small dimensions—topics that have not gained sufficient attention from the scientific community.
LIST OF FIGURES; LIST OF TABLES; PREFACE; 1. INTRODUCTION; 2. METHODOLOGY AND TECHNIQUES; 3. THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT: QESEM CAVE AND THE LOWER PALAEOLITHIC IN THE LEVANT; 4. THE RECYCLING PHENOMENON AND ITS MANIFESTATIONS AT QESEM CAVE; 5. THE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMME; 6. POST DEPOSITIONAL SURFACE MODIFICATION (PDSM); 7. THE FUNCTIONAL AND RESIDUE ANALYSES OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MATERIAL; 8. DISCUSSION; 9. CONCLUSION; BIBLIOGRAPHY; APPENDIX A; APPENDIX B; APPENDIX C