12 papers from specialists covering a wide array of time periods and subject areas, this volume explores the links between identity and nationhood throughout the history of Scotland from the prehistory of northern Britain to the more recent heralding of Scottish identity as a multi-ethnic construction and the possibility of Scottish independence.
In a break away from the traditional mono-disciplinary scope of academic enquiry, this volume sets forth a challenge for practitioners within, and outwith archaeology to develop multi-disciplinary approaches in the study of identity in general and aspects in the formation of national identity in particular. The entanglement of identity and nationhood is explored from the prehistory of northern Britain; the establishment of a proto-Scottish identity in the early Middle Ages; facets of Scottish identity at home and in the wider diaspora of Empire; and the more recent heralding of Scottish identity as a multiethnic construction. Set against the backdrop of a groundswell change in the Scottish political landscape and the unprecedented, and largely unexpected, energised and proactive politicisation of the Scottish electorate in the lead up to and aftermath of the 2014 Independence Referendum, the volume is a timely and relevant contribution to discussions of national identities. By bringing together specialists covering a wide array of time periods and subject specialisms, we transcend the concept of identity. This is achieved by exploring the links of nationhood and Scottish identity in the early 20th and 21st Centuries in the ongoing quest for independence demonstrating the political manipulation of history, imagery and mythology entangled in political propaganda.
Introduction – by Louisa Campbell and Dene Wright; Contributor Affiliations; Reflections on the presentation of Scottish archaeology in British prehistories since Gordon Childe’s Prehistoric Communities (1940) – by Ian Ralston; Setting the Scene: aspects of the Earliest Prehistory of Northern Britain – by Dene Wright; Scotland’s Neolithic / Neolithic Scotland – by Kenneth Brophy; Regional and local identities in the later Neolithic of Scotland as reflected in the ceramic record – by Ann MacSween; Culture contact and the maintenance of cultural identity in Roman Scotland: A theoretical approach – by Louisa Campbell; The origins of ‘Scotland’ – by Dauvit Broun; Merchants and craftsmen: a survey of the evidence for a Scandinavian presence in eastern Scotland in the eleventh to fourteenth centuries – by Elizabeth Pierce; Local and foreign clergy: the provision of clergy in the late mediaeval diocese of Sodor – by Sarah Thomas; Pictish, Celtic, Scottish: The Longing for Belonging – by Steven Timoney; ‘The Different Fruits of all the World’ - The Early Colonial Connections of Glasgow (c.1660-1740) – by Stuart Nisbet; Celebrating the end of Scottish history? National identity and the Scottish Historical Exhibition, Glasgow 1911 – by Neil G.W. Curtis; Scotland Then for Scotland Now: Scottish political party uses of history, image and myth – by Murray Stewart Leith
About the Author
LOUISA CAMPBELL MA PhD FSA Scot is a graduate of the University of Glasgow. She a Roman ceramic specialist and her main research interests are threefold: material culture, the Roman and Provincial interface with a particular focus on frontier contexts and theoretical approaches to the study of culture contact. She has recently undertaken a Postdoctoral Fellowship supported by Historic Environment Scotland to develop innovative methodologies and technologies for the non-destructive in situ analysis of museum collections. This project, entitled Paints and Pigments in the Past (PPIP), resulted in the identification and reconstruction of pigments originally applied to Roman monumental sculptures from the Antonine Wall and Hadrian’s Wall. | DENE WRIGHT MA MLitt PhD FSA Scot is a graduate of the University of Glasgow. Dene is a lithic specialist and his principal research interest is the Mesolithic. His research centres on the Mesolithic of Scotland with a particular focus on west central Scotland. The structure of his research develops and incorporates Deleuzian theoretical approaches to the concepts of repetition, difference and becoming, identity and group identities as philosophical constructs in Archaeology, the symmetry of lithic technology and technological choices, symmetrical approaches to the chaîne opératoire and lithic analysis and the construct of time as a relational multiplicity of dimensions in co-existence. A research associate at Glasgow funded by Historic Environment Scotland, with Kenneth Brophy he is currently writing up for publication the excavations for Phase II (2012-17) of the Strathearn Environs & Royal Forteviot ‘SERF’ Project. | NICOLA A. HALL MA MLitt is a Senior Heritage Management Officer at Historic Environment Scotland. She is an Archaeology graduate of the University of Glasgow with a particular interest on ritual practice in the Neolithic/Early Bronze Age of Western Scotland. Her research incorporates archaeological theory, landscape archaeology, gender, ritual practice and seasonality.