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NEW: Rus Africum IV. La fattoria Bizantina di Aïn Wassel, Africa Proconsularis (Alto Tell, Tunisia)
Lo scavo stratigrafico e i materiali edited by Mariette de Vos Raaijmakers and Barbara Maurina. Paperback; 205x290mm; xiv+438 pages; 390 figures, 37 tables (143 colour pages). Italian text with English abstracts. (Print RRP £75.00). 515 2019 Archaeopress Roman Archaeology 58. Available both in printed and e-versions. Printed ISBN 9781789691153. Epublication ISBN 9781789691160.
Book contents page
Aïn Wassel is the only rural site of Africa Proconsularis which has been excavated using the stratigraphic method and the detailed results are published in this volume thanks to an archaeological field survey of the surrounding rural region. The interpretation of the stratigraphic sequence of the excavated area was able to determine a precise chrono-typology of pottery and amphoras, and to outline the importance of the Vandal and Byzantine period, which was confirmed by additional data from the survey.

The excavation provided evidence of sustainable intensive mixed farming: an oil mill and press, a grain hand mill, a sundial, bones of cattle and dromedaries raised for labour, transport, milk, meat, skins, wool. Remains of fowl, such as a partridge and fragments of ash tree, pine and olive stones were found and analyzed. Local imitations of African Red Slip (ARS) wares were identified for the first time, and three new types of amphoras of large dimensions were discovered and classified as Aïn Wassel 1, 2 and 3. The excavation proved that in the 7th c. AD North Africa was still very active and dynamic, where regional trade used both fluvial and ground transportation. Until recently, this was considered a period of crisis, abandonment of the countryside and ruralization of cities; it was not so.

About the Editors
MARIETTE DE VOS RAAIJMAKERS, BA and MA Utrecht, PhD Leiden, is retired Full Professor of Classical Archaeology at the University of Trento (Italy) where she founded in 1994 the Laboratorio di Archeologia e Scienze Affini. She conducted archaeological fieldwork in Italy (Rome, Pompeii, Sicily, Isera, Tivoli, Ventotene) from 1968, in North Africa from 1994 and in Turkey from 2003-2005. Her research interests lie in domestic architecture and late-antique and rural archaeology in Tunisia, Algeria and Cilicia.

BARBARA MAURINA is Archaeological Curator at the Museo Civico di Rovereto Foundation. She received her BA in Roman Archaeology from the University of Trento, an advanced degree from the University of Trieste, her PhD in ‘Cultures of the Roman Provinces’ from the University of Siena and she has attended post-degree courses at the Institute of Archaeology of the University College London. She has been collaborator at various universities, museums and institutes and has taken part in several archaeological campaigns in Italy and abroad. Her main research interests include Roman and Late antique material culture, Roman wall coatings and fieldwork. In the years 1994-1996 she took part in the archaeological excavation of Aïn Wassel in Tunisia and afterwards she studied the amphorae coming from the site.

Italian Description
Fino ad oggi Aïn Wassel è l'unico sito rurale dell'Africa Proconsularis che è stato scavato con metodo stratigrafico, pubblicato in dettaglio e contestualizzato grazie al survey archeologico della regione circostante. L'interpretazione della sequenza stratigrafica dei 252 m2 scavati ha permesso di determinare una precisa crono-tipologia di vasellame e anfore, e di delineare l'importanza del periodo vandalo e bizantino, come confermato da altri dati provenienti dall'indagine sul campo.

Gli scavi dimostrano un'agricoltura mista intensiva sostenibile: un elemento di macina e una pressa olearia, una macina manuale per cereali, una meridiana, ossa di bovini e dromedari, allevati per lavoro, trasporti, latte, carne, pelli e lana. Resti di uccelli, come una pernice e frammenti di frassini, noccioli di pino e ulivo sono stati trovati e analizzati. Le imitazioni locali delle ceramiche di sigillata africana (African Red Slip) sono identificate per la prima volta durante lo scavo di Aïn Wassel e l'indagine sul campo nella regione circostante. Tre nuovi tipi di anfora di grandi dimensioni furono scoperti ad Aïn Wassel e classificati come Aïn Wassel 1, 2 e 3. Lo scavo dimostrò che nel 7°secolo il Nord Africa era ancora molto attivo e dinamico, dove il commercio regionale utilizzava sia il trasporto fluviale che terrestre. Fino a tempi recenti, questo era considerato invece come un periodo di crisi, di abbandono delle campagne e di ruralizzazione delle città; non era così.

Biografia
MARIETTE DE VOS RAAIJMAKERS laureata a Utrecht, dottorata a Leiden, professore ordinario di archeologia classica all'Università di Trento (Italia), dove ha fondato nel 1994 il Laboratorio di Archeologia e Scienze Affini; pensionata dal 2014. Ha condotto ricerche archeologiche in Italia (Roma, Pompei, Sicilia, Isera, Tivoli, Ventotene) dal 1968, nel Nord Africa dal 1994 e in Turchia nel 2003-2005. I suoi interessi di ricerca riguardano architettura domestica (tardo-)antica e archeologia rurale in Tunisia, Algeria e Cilicia.

BARBARA MAURINA è conservatrice per l’archeologia presso la Fondazione Museo Civico di Rovereto. Ha ottenuto la laurea in Archeologia romana presso l’Università di Trento, la specializzazione presso l’Università di Trieste, il dottorato in Culture delle Province romane presso l’Università di Siena e ha seguito corsi di perfezionamento presso l’Istituto di Archeologia dell’University College London. Ha collaborato con diverse università, musei e istituti e ha preso parte a numerose campagne di ricerca archeologica in Italia e all’estero. I suoi maggiori interessi di ricerca vertono su cultura materiale romana e tardoantica, rivestimenti parietali romani e fieldwork. Negli anni 1994-1996 ha partecipato allo scavo di Aïn Wassel in Tunisia e in seguito ha studiato i materiali anforacei provenienti dal sito.



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