​​ We use cookies to enhance your experience on our site. By continuing to use the site you agree to our use of cookies. Privacy & Cookies.​

Archaeopress logo
Archaeopress Publishing Ltd, Summertown Pavilion, 18-24 Middle Way, Summertown, Oxford OX2 7LG, England
tel +44 (0) 1865 311914 fax +44 (0) 1865 512231   email: info@archaeopress.com
Monthly AP Alert - join our mailing list today Archaeopress on Facebook Archaeopress on Twitter Archaeopress on Linked In Archaeopress Blog
  Browse by Subject  
  Browse by Series  
  Join Our Mailing List  
  Visit Our Blog  
  Login (Private Customers)  
  Login (Institutional Subscriptions)  
  View Basket


title, author, ISBN, keyword

Browse for books in the following languages

Ordering Information
About Us
Publish With Us
Standing Orders
Trade Sales
Contact Us
Request Review Copy
Integrating geology into archaeology: the water supply of Piraeus in Antiquity
Author: E.D. Chiotis. DOI: 10.32028/9781789693775-15.ISBN 9781789693775-15.

The peninsula of Piraeus is composed of the Mounichia Hill and the rocky Akti, connected through the NE-SW trending isthmus between the Kantharos and Zea harbors. The great geomorphological advantage of the peninsula is its natural and safe harbors Kantharos with the innermost Kophos Port, Zea and Mounichia at a reasonable distance of eight kilometers from Athens. It became an island, during the Neolithic Era due to the sea level rise and was connected again with the land already by the fifth century BC. As a result, it stood at the estuary of the Kifissos River, west of the river delta, and was surrounded by swamps to the north and east. From the 5th century BC, Piraeus peninsula was fortified with the Urban Walls and the Long Walls connecting Piraeus and Athens. The latter, in addition to their strategic role, ensured communication with Athens, as a gateway to traffic as well as infrastructure for the construction of aqueducts carrying water from Athens on two occasions. Piraeus in the northwest is surrounded by the limestone Mountains of Aegaleo that nonetheless allow easy access to the west and could supply water in antiquity. Key points in the history of Piraeus are the destruction of the Piraeus Walls in 404 BC by the Spartans an event that marked the decline of the Athenian hegemony, the occupation by the Macedonian garrison in 332 BC until 229 BC, the Sullan destruction in 86 BC and the Herulian raid in 267 AD. A renaissance of Piraeus after the Sullan sack is associated with Hadrian and the Antonine dynasty and is linked with the renewed prosperity of Athens as one of the capital cities of the Hellenic world.

Note for institutional subscribers: Please be sure to log in first via your institution's unique URL - this page will then display download options. If you experience difficulties logging in please consult your librarian or contact Archaeopress directly via the following email: info@archaeopress.com.

For non-subscribers, follow this link to order Journal of Greek Archaeology Volume 4, 2019.

Sorry this product is currently not available to order online. Please Contact us to purchase.

For help and information please email info@archaeopress.com