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Toniná, una ciudad maya de Chiapas
Vida y muerte en las postrimerías del colapso maya by Judith L. Ruiz González. Paperback; 203x276mm; 328 pages; 150 figures, 68 tables. Spanish text. 135 2021 Paris Monographs in American Archaeology 54. Available both in print and Open Access. Printed ISBN 9781789699289. Epublication ISBN 9781789699296.
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Toniná was a Mayan city, located between two cultural areas near the Chiapas Highlands. It has been widely proposed that the Maya collapse implied the disappearance and depopulation of many cities; this research addresses the survival of Toniná towards the threshold of the Postclassic. For this purpose, 15,956 human bones found in Structure 15 of the fifth platform in the Acropolis of Toniná were analysed. The analysis of anthropological osteology allowed us to know the biological profile and to document the cultural taphonomy, through which the practice of human sacrifice and the posthumous treatment of the victims was evidenced. The application of stable isotope and strontium analyses also allowed us to determine the dietary profile of those sacrificed, their geographical origin and mobility throughout their lives. A change in ritual practices in the Mayan area was glimpsed, as ideological influences were found, possibly from the Gulf Coast in the cult of other deities, as in the case of Xipe Totéc; the Gulf Coast had great influence in the Mayan area since ancient times and this has been confirmed at this site through ceramics.

Spanish Description
Toniná fue una ciudad maya, localizada entre dos áreas culturales hacia los Altos de Chiapas. Se ha planteado de manera generalizada que el colapso maya implicó la desaparición y despoblamiento de muchas ciudades; en esta investigación se aborda la pervivencia de Toniná hacia el umbral del Posclásico. Para ello se analizaron 15 956 huesos humanos hallados en la Estructura 15 de la quinta plataforma en la Acrópolis de Toniná. El análisis de osteología antropológica permitío conocer el perfil biológico y documentar la tafonomía cultural, a través de la cual se evidenció la práctica del sacrificio humano y los tratamientos póstumos de las víctimas. Así también la aplicación de análisis de isótopos estables y de estroncio permitió conocer el perfil dietario de los sacrificados, su origen geográfico y movilidad a lo largo de su vida. Se vislumbró un cambio en las prácticas rituales en el área maya, al encontrar influencias ideológicas posiblemente de la Costa del Golfo en el culto a otras deidades, es el caso de Xipe Totéc; la Costa del Golfo tuvo gran influencia en el área maya desde tiempos remotos y se ha constatado en este sitio a través de la cerámica.

Judith L. Ruiz González: Antropóloga Física por la ENAH, estudios de Maestría y Doctorado en el Posgrado de Estudios Mesoamericanos, UNAM. Líneas de interés académico. 1) Condiciones de vida y salud en poblaciones esqueléticas y en restos momificados prehispánicos y coloniales. 2) Paleopatología y perspectivas bioarqueológicas en Mesoamérica. 3) Diversidad dietaria y movilidad humana a través de estudios bioarquemétricos en poblaciones antiguas. 4) Evidencias de sacrificio humano y tratamientos rituales póstumos del cuerpo en Mesoamérica. Ha participado en diferentes proyectos de investigación de la Dirección de Estudios Arqueológicos del INAH, de la Zona Arqueológica de Tlatelolco, INAH, del Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas y del Instituto de Geología de la UNAM. Es profesora de Asignatura en el Centro de Estudios Antropológicos, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, UNAM. Protecyo de investigacion reciente: Interacciones culturales y dinámicas poblacionales desde la Costa veracruzana al interior: isotopía de la dieta e historia residencial.


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