Author: Franziska Lang. DOI: 10.32028/9781789693775-6.ISBN 9781789693775-6. |
Landscape is a multi-agent-system in which the agent ‘Landscape’ with its natural-spatial conditions causes and is subjected to changes through natural processes and events (such as natural disasters). On the other hand, landscape is transformed through human agents appropriating it by intentional and reflective actions (Werlen 2010b: 9–17).
Both types of agents stand in a perpetual and interdependent relationship, creating new specific as well as multi-dimensional spaces. These spaces are not static. They are affected by various temporalities. The actions and practices of natural-spatial and anthropogenic interventions leave traces that for over forty years have been the subject of landscape archaeology. Many regions in the Mediterranean have been investigated through surveys. This type of research has contributed to the consolidation of regional history in the Mediterranean region, so that historiography no longer has to be extrapolated from a few regional analyses (Alcock 1993; Rousset 2008: 312; 2013). These regions are being explored by multifaceted approaches. Many projects are concerned with the development of new field methods or their modification, finds processing as well as economicdemographic interpretations and quantitative methods (Attema, Bintliff, and van Leusen forthcoming).
In this contribution the further potential of survey investigations will be outlined, based on three survey projects. They show how the multifaceted dimensions of the fluid and complex ‘thing’ landscape and the role of all agents involved (human-thing-landscape-narrative-relationship) can be disclosed. This happens in three ways. First, the multi-dimensional space called landscape can be investigated in a complementary approach by perspectives from different disciplines – archaeology, ancient history and geoarchaeology. Secondly, it will be shown that a variety of questions offers a range of interpretations derived from the same evidence. Thirdly, the case studies stand for their respective regionalities.
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