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H 297 x W 210 mm

246 pages

170 figures (colour throughout)

Published Oct 2023

Archaeopress Archaeology


Paperback: 9781803275932

Digital: 9781803275949

DOI 10.32028/9781803275932

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Qalhat; Oman; Medieval; UNESCO; World Heritage; Port City; Mosque; Islamic Studies

Related titles

The Archaeological Heritage of Oman 11

Qalhat, a Medieval Port City of Oman

From a Field of Ruins to UNESCO

By Axelle Rougeulle

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Although it is one of the main archaeological sites in Oman, the medieval port of Qalhat, near Sur in Ash-Sharqiyah Governorate, has long remained poorly documented. The extensive research initiated in 2008 by the Ministry of Heritage and Tourism shed striking light on the history of this famous harbour city.





1 History of research at Qalhat


2 Qalhat, rise and fall of an Omani port city, from the pre-Hormuzi to the Portuguese period


3 Urban planning of the town in the 14th-15th centuries


4 Qalhat, a heavily fortified city


5 Getting water in Qalhat, the water supply system of the town


6 The Great Mosque of Bibi Maryam


7 The Bibi Maryam mausoleum and other religious structures


8 Official and public buildings


9 Domestic life in Qalhat: The twin houses with Vladimir Dabrowski, Anaïs Marrast, Hervé Monchot and Hélène Renel


10 Economy and trade with Thomas Creissen, Fabien Lesguer and Hélène Renel


11 Qalhat, a World Heritage site with Alessandra Peruzzetto





About the Author

Axelle Rougeulle is a member of the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Orient & Méditerranée Section (Paris, France). She specialized in the history of trade in the Eastern Islamic world and the Indian Ocean in medieval times, focusing on port cities, land and sea routes, and interregional exchanges. She has worked in Iraq, Bahrain, and Yemen, where she studied the ancient ports of Hadramaut, Mahra, and Sharma. From 2008 to 2016, in collaboration with the Ministry of Heritasge and Culture (now Heritage and Tourism), she directed the research project at Qalhat, the results of which are presented here.