​​ We use cookies to enhance your experience on our site. By continuing to use the site you agree to our use of cookies. Privacy & Cookies.​

Archaeopress logo
Archaeopress Publishing Ltd, Summertown Pavilion, 18-24 Middle Way, Summertown, Oxford OX2 7LG, England
tel +44 (0) 1865 311914 fax +44 (0) 1865 512231   email: info@archaeopress.com
Monthly AP Alert - join our mailing list today Archaeopress on Facebook Archaeopress on Twitter Archaeopress on Linked In Archaeopress Blog
  Browse by Subject  
  Browse by Series  
  Join Our Mailing List  
  Visit Our Blog  
  Login (Private Customers)  
  Login (Institutional Subscriptions)  
  View Basket


title, author, ISBN, keyword

Browse for books in the following languages

Ordering Information
About Us
Publish With Us
Standing Orders
Trade Sales
Contact Us
Request Review Copy
Numismatic evidence and the date of Kaniṣka I
Rienjang W. (ed.) 2018. Problems of Chronology in Gandhāran Art. p7-34 by Joe Cribb. DOI: 10.32028/9781784918552P7-34.
Download Full PDF  
The dating of sculpture from Gandhāra and its related regions is a difficultthing. As there are only a handful of sculptures bearing dates, all in unspecifiederas, any attempts at dating have to rely on a series of understandings, based on archaeological context, material and stylistic analysis, and iconographic development. What is often presumed without comment is the underlying chronological structure which gives such dating a relationship with the eras in use today. This structure has largely been constructed from four sources of evidence: dated inscriptions, numismatic sequences, the scarce references in historical texts, and attempts to match the era used by the Kushans with other Indian eras. Unfortunately the underlying chronological structure built from these has been in a state of fluxsince it was firstattempted. The proposal made in 2001 by Harry Falk that Kaniṣka Iís firstyear was in AD 127, based on the information about the relationship between the Kushan and Śaka eras in an astrological text, the Yavanajātaka by Sphujiddhvaja (Falk 2001), was the firstto call on a relatively contemporary source with concrete evidence. This proposal has become widely accepted, even though its implications have not yet been fully assimilated into the discourse on Gandhāran art. This date has also not yet been applied to the broader chronological structure, as it comes from a different form of evidence. So parts of the chronological structures are still attached to earlier solutions, based on different resolutions of the evidence. This paper attempts to show that the solution reached by Falk from the astrological text can also be demonstrated by recourse to the use of numismatic and inscriptional evidence, thereby suggesting that Falkís proposal has important implications for solving the problem of Gandhāran chronology and accordingly that of Gandhāran art too.

Download Full PDF  

Open Access users: by downloading this eBook you are agreeing to our standard terms and conditions available here.
Institutional subscribers: by downloading this eBook you are agreeing to abide by the subscription licence issued to The Institution. Contact your library for further details. If you encounter any issues with your download please contact info@archaeopress.com 

For help and information please email info@archaeopress.com