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House and Household Economies in 3rd millennium B.C.E. Syro-Mesopotamia edited by Federico Buccellati, Tobias Helms and Alexander Tamm. iv+132 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2682 2014. ISBN 9781407313283. £27.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume contains a selection of articles based on papers presented at an international workshop held at Frankfurt am Main, Germany from the 27th to the 28th of October, 2012. The workshop was organized by members of the Research Training Group 1576 "Value and Equivalence" and the Tell Chuera Project. The articles address a wide range of materials (lithics, terracotta figurines, domestic architecture and installations, glyptics) and topics (the organization of space within residential areas, the economic base of 3rd millennium settlements, an anthropological perspective on the study of domestic remains) which are related to the study of 3rd millennium BCE houses and households in northern Mesopotamia. Many articles focus on recent archaeological excavations and observations from Tell Chuera, but hitherto unpublished field data from other sites (Tell Mozan, Tell Hazna, and Kharab Sayyar) are also presented. The archaeological focus of the volume is broadened by a philological treatise dealing with the study of households in southern Mesopotamia.
Professional Ranks in the Roman Army of Dacia by George Cupcea. 158 pages. BAR S2681 2014. ISBN 9781407313252. £29.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

All the sources categories, epigraphy, literature and archaeology, together with the contributions of contemporary scientific methods form a solid foundation for the purpose of this paper: the study of the military hierarchy in Dacia. The most complex aspect is by far the hierarchy of soldiers. Epigraphic sources provide a rich source of data for Dacia but a less documented aspect is that of promotions and careers. Thus, the understanding of military hierarchy across the Empire is very valuable.

Following the obvious hypothesis, that one cannot understand the history of Roman Dacia, unless in the wider context of the Roman Empire, the author attempts to decrypt the multitude of ranks and functions in the career of the solider. Thus, the research has moved from general to particular, starting from literary sources and contemporary monographic studies and reaching the individual epigraphic sources and studies concerned with a certain category of officers or a particular phenomenon found in an inscription. It was necessary to study each category of Roman units because the connections between them are very strong, especially as far as it involves soldiers, personnel and officers as elements of the whole functional entity in the Mediterranean space.

For the purpose of systematization, the author chose the classification proposed by Domaszewski, more than 100 years ago, dividing the military ranks into several categories: soldier ranks – immunes and principales, centurions and primipili.
Architettura e Potere in una terra di confine Edilizia vescovile nella Diocesi di Luni fra XI e XIV Secolo by Daniele Ferdani. 241 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. Italian text. BAR S2680 2014. ISBN 9781407313245. £37.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Local architectural heritage is an expression of a long-lasting circle of traditions and oral knowledge fostered from one generation to another and revealed through simple or complex architectural realities. It is also a manifestation of economic and social impact on the landscape. Given this assumption, this volume, by means of new building archaeology research approaches, debates the development and the organisation of the fortified architectures, settlements and centres during the medieval age in the historical area of Luni (Lunigiana), a sub-cultural region that stands between Tuscany and Liguria (Italy).

The author portrays a complete and summarized picture of the development of the power of the bishopric in the Luni area, promoter of the seigniorial territorialization and castle-building, between the 10th and 14th centuries. The study of the historical architectures adopts a multifaceted methodology that combines building archaeology such as wall stratigraphic relationships, building phases, type-chronology of the architectural elements, and masonry techniques analysis together with more recent dense image modeling and 3D reconstruction techniques.
The ‘Crescent-Shaped Cultural-Communication Belt’: Tong Enzheng's Model in Retrospect An Examination of Methodological, Theoretical and Material Concerns of Long-Distance Interactions in East Asia edited by Anke Hein. vi+143 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2679 2014. ISBN 9781407313238. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The notion of a “crescent-shaped cultural-communication belt” (banyuexing wenhua chuanbodai 半月形文化傳播 帶) stretching from Northeast China and Korea along the Tibetan borderlands all the way to Yunnan stands as the late Tong Enzheng’s 童恩正 most-cited contribution to the Chinese archaeological discourse (Tong Enzheng 1987). In the 1980s, suggesting such long-distance contact was a bold move. At the time, Chinese and Western scholars alike were afraid of being accused of diffusionistic tendencies in their work, and they thus mostly decided to concentrate on local developments. Only in recent years has it again become acceptable and even desirable to discuss far-reaching exchange networks. Interestingly, the emerging scholarship on such topics has some noticeable lacunae. Discussions on China’s long distance contacts, for instance, focus mostly on steppe connections and Western influences on the cultures of the Central Plains. By contrast, material from Southwest China has received much less attention and has but rarely been mentioned in connection with Northeast China; neither have Tong Enzheng’s considerable theoretical contributions to the understanding of culture contact and cultural exchange received the consideration they deserve.

While Tong Enzheng remains a household name to anyone working in the Southwest, in other parts of China his work is less well known, and even though Tong still carries some name recognition outside of China, few scholars are fully aware of his important contributions. This volume stems from the session “Reconsidering the Crescent-Shaped Exchange Belt — Methodological, Theoretical and Material Concerns of Long-Distance Interactions in East Asia Thirty Years after Tong Enzheng” held at the Fifth World Conference of the Society for East Asian Archaeology (SEAA), held in Fukuoka (Japan) in 2012. The papers collected in the present volume touch on four main topics: Tong Enzheng’s life and research, and his place within the development of modern Chinese archaeology; recent developments in the archaeology of Southwest China; material traces and geographic, cultural, and historical preconditions of possible movements and inter-group contacts along Tong’s crescentshaped cultural-communication belt; and theoretical and methodological issues in the study of culture contacts and cultural exchange, and of their reflections in the material record.
Physical, Chemical and Biological Markers in Argentine Archaeology: Theory, Methods and Applications edited by Débora M. Kligmann and Marcelo R. Morales. ix+147 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2678 2014. ISBN 9781407313221. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Although the beginning of archaeological studies dates back to very old times, the use and applications of disciplines such as physics, chemistry, geology, and biology in archaeology have rapidly increased during the last sixty years worldwide. Papers that apply methods and techniques of the so-called “hard sciences” to solve diverse problems in Argentine archaeology have become more popular during the last two decades. These studies involve the participation of professionals coming from several fields such as physics, chemistry, geology and biology, as well as archaeologists technically trained in those disciplines. Papers that apply this kind of approach can only be found as isolated contributions in Argentine archaeological meetings, symposia, and in non-specific publications, because there are no local technical journals such as those internationally available.

For this reason we organized a Symposium at the XVII National Congress of Argentine Archaeology (October 2010, Mendoza, Argentina) seeking to offer a specialist-oriented arena to share new information and discuss methodological and technical issues regarding the application of physical, chemical, and biological tools in archaeology. This book includes some of the papers presented at that symposium, and partially illustrates the state of the art in the utilization of these analytical markers in Argentina.

This book aims at presenting the local research to non-Spanish speaking audiences and at promoting a dialogue between archaeologists trained in chemical, earth and natural sciences who use these methods and techniques around the world.
The Chiming of Crack’d Bells: Recent Approaches to the Study of Artefacts in Archaeology edited by Paul Blinkhorn and Christopher Cumberpatch. vi+116 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white with 2 colour plates. BAR S2677 2014. ISBN 9781407313214. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume is based on a session from the 2012 TAG conference (Liverpool University) and includes papers delivered at the conference and others submitted subsequently. Contributors are drawn from both academic and commercial archaeology and the diverse range of subjects is intended to help to bridge the unfortunate gap between some of the sub-disciplines which constitute archaeology in its broadest sense. Papers include: Pots as Things: Value, meaning and medieval pottery (Ben Jervis), Vehicles for Thought: Terrets in the British Iron Age (Anna Lewis), Addressing the Body: Corporeal meanings and artefacts in early England (Toby Martin), All form one and one form all: The relationship between pre-burial function and the form of early Anglo-Saxon cremation urns (Gareth Perry), Plates and other vessels from early modern and recent graves (Beth Richardson), Not so much a pot, more an expensive luxury: Commercial archaeology and the decline of pottery analysis (Paul Blinkhorn), Tradition and Change: The production and consumption of late post-medieval and early modern pottery in southern Yorkshire (Chris Cumberpatch), The organisation of late Bronze Age to early Iron Age society in the Peak District National Park (Kevin Cootes).
Recent Prehistoric Enclosures and Funerary Practices in Europe Proceedings of the International Meeting held at the Gulbenkian Foundation (Lisbon, Portugal, November 2012) edited by António Carlos de Valera. iv+154 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2676 2014. ISBN 9781407313184. £29.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume gathers the individual presentations from The International Meeting: Recent Prehistory Enclosures and Funerary Practices. From England to Germany, from Portugal to Italy, the individual papers present this cohesive European trend in Prehistory, that of enclosing, and the particular relationship between enclosures and prehistoric funerary practices and manipulations of the human body. Through a plurality of approaches, the volume covers several European regions, providing an overview of how prehistoric Europeans dealt with their dead, and how they experienced and organized their world. From cremating to dismembering bodies, from skulls used as cups to naturalistic anthropomorphic ivory figurines, from fragmented pottery to animal limbs, from deviance to collectiveness, this volume ranges all the different practices currently discussed in European Prehistory.

The first paper, by Alasdair Whittle, poses as an introduction to the theme of enclosures throughout Europe, focusing his approach on time and timing of enclosure. Alex Gibson then takes us through the middle and late Neolithic British enclosures and Jean-Noël Guyodo and Audrey Blanchard through those of Western France. The Portuguese enclosures follow, with papers both on walled and ditched enclosures, by the hand of António Valera, Ana Maria Silva, Cláudia Cunha, Filipa Rodrigues, Michael Kunst, Anna Waterman, João Luís Cardoso and Susana Oliveira Jorge. Moving East, Andrea Zeeb-Lanz discusses the cannibalistic premise regarding the funerary remains from the Neolithic site of Herxheim (Germany). André Spatzier, Marcus Stecher, Kurt W. Alt. and François Bertemes, on the other hand, focusing on the remains from a henge like enclosure near Magdeburg (Germany), explore the premise of violence and war-like scenarios. To the south, Alberto Cazzella and Giullia Recchia write about a copper age enclosure near Conelle di Acervia (Italy) and Patrícia Rios, Corina Liesau and Concepción Blasco take through the funerary practices of Camino de las Yeseras (Spain).
Luoghi e Architetture della Transizione: 1919-1939 / Sites and Architectural Structures of the Transition Period: 1919-1939 I sistemi difensivi di confine e la protezione antiaerea nelle città. Storia, conservazione, riuso / Border defense system and air raid protection in the cities. History, conservation, reuse edited by Maria Antonietta Breda. ix+349 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. Italian text with English Abstracts. BAR S2675 2014 Hypogean Archaeology: Research and Documentation of Underground Structures 8. ISBN 9781407313177. £49.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book, in Italian and English, collects the papers presented at the Second International Congress on Conoscenza e valorizzazione delle opere militari moderne - Knowledge and development of modern military structures, held at the Politecnico di Milano, Campus Bovisa, on 27 and 28 November 2012. The Congress was devoted to two types of military structures made between 1919 and 1939 in Italy and in some European countries: Theatres of war and Air-raid shelters in urban areas. Papers illustrate the structural characteristics and recent experiences of reuse and exploitation, even by cultural Association. It is an important contribution to the development and dissemination of studies on European defensive systems and on air defense of the city between 1919 and 1939, a period still poorly understood with regard to the military architecture and the protection of civilians and cities by air raids. The book gathers updated data and documents in many cases unpublished.
Rice Bowls and Dinner Plates Ceramic artefacts from Chinese gold mining sites in southeast New South Wales, mid 19th to early 20th century by Virginia Esposito. xii+200 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2674 2014. ISBN 9781407313160. £35.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume details the results of the first intra-site examination of Chinese gold miners’ camps in Australia and the compositional analyses of Chinese-made ceramic vessels found there. Ceramic collections from five southeastern New South Wales goldfields, dating from the mid-nineteenth to early-twentieth century, were examined. Traditional and non-traditional methods of ceramic analysis were used to answer major questions and thus expand the archaeology of the Chinese in Australia. The analyses enabled conclusions to be drawn about the active role of vessels in everyday life, not only within the domestic sphere but also in communal aspects of food and feasting. On a broader scale, the research considered the nature of Chinese supply networks and revealed how western-style ceramics became appropriate substitutes for Chinese-made vessels as supply sources changed. This study was also the first comparison of contemporary assemblages from Chinese and non-Chinese sites in the same region, evaluating the Chinese access to western ceramic markets, particularly British-made wares. The analysis of ceramic artefacts has given an insight into the Chinese miners’ lives, from the beginning of the gold rush when many worked under the control of a headman to the later nineteenth century when families were at the camps. Overall, this research has highlighted short and long-term occupation sites and established that these camps were not homogenous or static settlements, they changed over time.
Azdud (Ashdod-Yam): An Early Islamic Fortress on the Mediterranean Coast by Kate Raphael. vi+111 pages; illustrated in black & white with two colour plates. BAR S2673 2014. ISBN 9781407313153. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Few sources mention the fortress located on the coast of the modern city of Ashdod, Israel. The reasons for its construction can best be understood by examining the political and military changes in the Eastern Mediterranean in the seventh and early eighth centuries. The Muslim conquest of Syria, Palestine and Egypt from the Byzantine Empire changed the regional balance of power. The Arab-Byzantine frontier that stretched along the coast and the strong Byzantine navy led the Muslim governors to fortify the coast against a possible Byzantine invasion. The fortress served as a lookout post to alert the Muslim forces.

The fort hardly changed during the Fatimid period; however, its military role changed significantly. The coast was threatened from the east, by the Carmathians, Bedouin and Turcomans. Its orientation changed; it protected and strengthened the Fatimid hold on the coast from the above inland forces. The coastal settlements were supplied and partially secured by a modest Fatimid fleet.

An intriguing aspect of this fortress is its plan, which follows the Roman and Byzantine traditions. The castrum simply suited the needs of the Umayyad rulers. The lack of architectural innovation up until the Fatimid period suggests a long period of stagnation in the fields of military architecture and siege warfare. In the Crusader period it became a private estate. In comparison to the complex Crusader fortresses, Ashdod-Yam is small, and somewhat "old fashioned." It seems the site was abandoned after the Crusader period.
L’architettura religiosa nella diocesi medievale di Lucca a sud dell’Arno (secoli XI-XIV) by Francesca Roggi. iv+190 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2672 2014. ISBN 9781407313146. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This study focuses on the architectural landscape of the lower Valdarno area, which formerly belonged to the diocese of Lucca and in the 17th century formed the new diocese of San Miniato. Despite the distance from the Bishop, Lucca managed to keep the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of this area until the modern era, while, from a political point of view, these territories gravitated towards Pisa and Florence. Historically and politically this area has been rightly described as a "borderland", disputed between the most powerful cities of Tuscany and characterized by an anomalous overlapping of jurisdictions. Similarly, in the cultural sphere, and specifically in the architecture, the geographic location and the changing political events, led to a great variety of cultural and stylistic references, which were combined creating an interesting blend of styles. Unfortunately, the total number of churches that have preserved medieval structures is quite low, especially when compared with that of the religious bodies listed in the documents of the late 13th and early 14th century, such as the Estimo of the Diocese of Lucca and the Rationes decimarum Italiae. From these sources we gather that there were 26 parish churches and a total of 154 religious buildings among churches, rectories, hospitals and monasteries, which means that this was one of the most populated areas of Tuscia during the Middle Ages.
Dynamics of Settlement Patterns in the Shekhawati Region of Rajasthan Prehistoric to early historic periods with special reference to ancient mining and metal processing activities by Kishore Raghubans. x+194 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white with one colour plate. BAR S2671 2014. ISBN 9781407313139. £35.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This study enunciates the position of prehistoric to early historic settlement-patterns in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. It brings forth structure-inference concerning settlement location, function, distribution and trend in settlement density at a regional scale with a view to understanding ecological adaptation and cultural changes through prehistoric to early historic periods. The method of regional analysis has developed models for explaining economic and functional relations between settlements. Economic development is understood through analysing variations in style and technologies used for certain artefacts like ceramics, lithics and metals. Functional differences in terms of raw material resources, smelting sites, processing sites and possible interactions between these are adequately looked into.
A Sign Catalog: Glyphs in Selected Text-Like Layouts at Teotihuacan by Joanne Michel Guerrero. vi+78 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2670 2014 Paris Monographs in American Archaeology 38. ISBN 9781407313122. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume closely examines and catalogs a limited set of glyphic elements found at the archaeological site of Teotihuacan in Mexico. This study serves as an initial investigation to verify whether these glyphs may be part of a writing system in use at the site. The author looks at two specific sources of glyphs and glyph compounds at Teotihuacan that appear to be the largest sets of co-occurring glyphs and contain the largest number of glyphs. One set, in particular, has not yet been studied in detail and therefore will present new information within this area of research. Furthermore, there has not been a steady or significant amount of glyphic research carried out at Teotihuacan in recent years, since Taube (2000).

The investigation was structured to thoroughly analyze the data for similarities between the selected glyphic elements from Teotihuacan and the requirements for writing systems. For that reason, basic linguistic tests were conducted on the data to determine whether the glyphic elements had similarities with those requirements for Mesoamerican writing systems.

This work is not a decipherment. Instead, its aim is to verify whether the glyphic elements at Teotihuacan could potentially be a writing system, catalog them in an orderly fashion, conduct a comparative analysis between them and others found within Teotihuacan and elsewhere in Mesoamerica, and conclude whether further research in the way of a complete decipherment is a possibility if future data is uncovered at the site.
Nouveau regard sur Choqek’iraw (Choque Quirao) Un site Inca au coeur de la Cordillere de Vilcabamba au Perou by Patrice Lecoq. iv+343 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. French text with abstract in English and Spanish.. BAR S2669 2014 Paris Monographs in American Archaeology 37. ISBN 9781407313078. £48.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Situated in the heart of the Vilcabamba cordillera in Peru, some 150 km northwest of Cuzco, Choqek’iraw or Choquequirao (« the golden cradle » in Quechua), is one of the most beautiful achievements of Inca architecture, and one of the very few pre-Hispanic sites displaying large wall mosaics showing geometric figures and llama caravans climbing the mountainside, the only one known from Inca times.

Ethnohistoric sources suggest that Choqek'iraw was one of the Tupac Inca Yupanqui’s palaces, but the excavations we conducted in peripheral residential areas suggest a much earlier occupation; it could begin in the early Intermediate Period (200 to 500 AD), and continue during the Late Intermediate (1000-1300 AD).

Several elements also suggest that figures represented on the mosaics convey cosmological significance and are laid out following textile principles.

Finally, the orientation of some buildings with the cardinal points and the presence of a truncated hill considered as an astronomical observatory, an ushnu, reinforce this hypothesis, suggesting that Choqek'iraw could have played the role of a regional agro-pastoral calendar and be considered as an important ritual centre or wak'a, and an oracular shrine dedicated to the triple Inca divinity of the Lightning.

This book stems from an extensive French-Peruvian archaeological project conducted from 2003 to 2006, as part of a cooperation agreement between the French and Peruvian governments. It presents the results of the excavations that have been carried out, but also new hypotheses about the role - including symbolic - that this site may have played.
Social Dimensions of Medieval Disease and Disability by Sally Crawford and Christina Lee. 86 pages. BAR S2668 2014 Studies in Early Medicine 3. ISBN 9781407313108. £22.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The chronological and geographical focus of this volume is medieval northern Europe, from the 6th to the 15th centuries. The contributors examine the sometimes arbitrary social factors which resulted in people being deliberately, accidentally or temporarily categorised as ‘disabled’ within their society, in ways that are peculiar to the medieval period. Health and disease are not static and unchanging; they are subject to cultural construction, manipulation and definition. Medieval ideas of healthy and unhealthy, as these papers show, were not necessarily - or even usually - comparable to modern approaches. Each of the papers represented in this volume assesses social constructs of health and ill-health in different guises within the medieval period.

Contributions by Ármann Jakobsson, Sally Crawford, Damien Jeanne, Christina Lee, Irina Metzler, Rachel Middlemass and Tersa Tyers, Fay Skevington and Wendy Turner.
Early Farming in Central Anatolia An archaeobotanical study of crop husbandry, animal diet and land use at Neolithic Çatalhöyük by Dragana Filipović. xii+167 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2667 2014. ISBN 9781407313092. £31.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Neolithic Çatalhöyük (c. 7400-6000 cal. BC), in the Konya Plain of Central Anatolia, was made famous by the excavations of James Mellaart in 1960s, who uncovered remains of a large, pueblo-like agglomeration of houses (‘the world’s first city’). Renewed excavations at the site over the past twenty years have used a range of current recovery techniques, including systematic sampling of archaeological deposits for archaeobotanical remains. The archaeobotanical recovery programme represents a unique opportunity to directly investigate the socio-economic underpinnings of an early ‘town’ community through the lens of crop husbandry and plant use. In this book, new archaeobotanical evidence from the early-mid Neolithic sequence of Çatalhöyük (c. 7400- 6500 cal BC) is presented and used as a basis for investigations into the nature and scale of crop cultivation at the site. The results shed light on the economic and social role of agricultural production at a large long-lived Neolithic village, and its implications for issues such as settlement location, residents’ mobility, crop cultivation productivity and long-term sustainability.
Archaeomalacology: Shells in the Archaeological Record edited by Katherine Szabó, Catherine Dupont, Vesna Dimitrijević, Luis Gómez Gastélum and Nathalie Serrand. 256 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2666 2014. ISBN 9781407313085. £39.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This publication is the volume is the proceedings of the ICAZ Archaeomalacology Working Group which took place at the 11th International Conference of the International Council for Archaeozoology (ICAZ), held in Paris, France 23rd-28th August 2010. Twenty-three papers are published with evidences of human collection and modification of shells from all over the world and over a large scale of chronology (from Prehistory to Antiquity). The papers are organized in three sub-sessions. The section “Acquisition and use of shell raw materials in prehistory” focuses on patterns of acquisition and use of shell raw materials as well as on the production sequences of shell items in time and space. Specific themes of interest include the exploitation of shells as raw materials in relation to their dietary functions, or choices made to use particular shells along with or as opposed to other raw materials.

The section “Shell middens and shells as a food resource” provides a venue to explore the relationships between human groups and molluscan resources and especially encourages the combination of information derived from multiple disciplines, as well as studies that seek to contextualise shell-gathering in a wider socio-economic context. The section “Shells as indicators of palaeoenvironment, site formation and transformation” aims to investigate the potential of the archaeological shell to answer questions not directly related to subsistence or material culture and especially welcomes contributions which mobilise the study of the archaeological shell in relation to modern resource management and environmental change.
Central Asia in Antiquity: Interdisciplinary Approaches edited by Borja Antela-Bernárdez and Jordi Vidal. iv+122 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2665 2014. ISBN 9781407313115. £25.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Central Asia is a wide subject of research in the archaeological and historical studies of the Ancient World. Scholars have usually focused on the complex and diverse questions that resulted from the analysis of the historical realities of this key region during Antiquity. The purpose of this book is to undertake an approach to the polymorphic and multiple aspects of Central Asia in Antiquity from several points of view. The starting point is the confidence in an interdisciplinary perspective as the main way to understand the different aspects of the region in a very wide chronology: from the emergence of the cities and their relation with the nomadic populations, to the expansion of models and practices from Central Asia to the West during the campaigns and conquests led by Islam. Through subjects like warfare, gender studies and historiography, mainly from an archaeological point of view, the chapters analyze concrete sites like Mes Aynak, Uch Kulakh or Vardanzeh, but also models of interaction among the historical peoples living in Asia Central, like the Bactrians and the Persians, the Persians and Macedonians, the Greeks and the Indians, the Sassanid and the Romans, or even the Sassanid and the Steppe peoples. The result is a very clear example of the richness of starting an interdisciplinary dialogue with the intention of improving our perspectives and understandings of the complex relationships that, through Antiquity, the people living in Central Asia had developed and how scholars can, through archaeology and other related disciplines, approach the historical questions that arise in a close study of the subjects.
Sociabilidad y Alimentación Estudio de casos en la transición al siglo XIX en el Virreinato del Río de la Plata by María Marschoff. 195 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. In Spanish.. BAR S2664 2014 South American Archaeology Series 21. ISBN 9781407313061. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book attempts to historize the construction of the dichotomy between “public” and “private” in Spanish colonial territories during the late 18th – early 19th centuries, when this opposition assumed some of the characteristics that today seem completely natural. It is usually acknowledged that these changes began at the level of everyday experiences that took place in a material world and while interacting with other people. Here we study these everyday experiences, particularly those structured around food habits within the domestic sphere in colonial non-elite domestic contexts.

The first case study is the port of Buenos Aires while it was the head of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (1776-1810). Analysis of a sample of probate records each of them representing a single domestic unit. The second case study was the Nueva Colonia y Fuerte de Floridablanca, a small agricultural settlement in Patagonia (1780-1784). Here, several archaelogical lines of inquiry were followed: zooarchaeological, ceramic and glass remains and the analysis of architecture and spatial arrangement and distribution within four dwelling units excavated at the site.

In every domestic context of both cases it could be observed that sociability affected the way food habits were organized in different ways, but always re-enforcing domestic group identities. It could also be assessed that none of the identified ways of organizing food habits indicate that these colonial societies were on the margins of the “novelties” that took place in other contexts. On the contrary, having full knowledge of these tendencies, each domestic unit negotiated on a daily basis the way they ate, taking their own, very individual preferences, as the main rule.
Guam’s Hidden Gem Archaeological and historical studies at Ritidian edited by Mike T. Carson. 112 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2663 2014. ISBN 9781407313054. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Ritidian Site is located in the United States island territory of Guam, the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The site holds a data-rich 3500-year record of natural and cultural history of the islands, now uniquely preserved and open for public access in the Ritidian Unit of Guam National Wildlife Refuge. The place means many things for people in different perspectives, together speaking volumes of Ritidan’s powerful effects as a heritage landscape. Today, Ritidian is known as an archaeological site, as a place where important historical events occurred, as a home of preserved forest habitat, as a spiritual retreat, as an example of land-ownership struggles in Guam, and as much more. While research is ongoing, this book offers a summary update of findings by scholars who have studied different aspects of the profundity and complexity of Ritidian's integrated natural-cultural landscape history.
Proceedings of the First Zooarchaeology Conference in Portugal Held at the Faculty of Letters, University of Lisbon, 8th-9th March 2012 edited by Cleia Detry and Rita Dias. iv+150 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2662 2014. ISBN 9781407313047. £29.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume comprises 15 articles - the result of presentations made at the first International Conference on Zooarchaeology which took place in Lisbon in 2012. This meeting was attended by researchers - PhD students, archaeologists, biologists and zooarchaeologists - studying animal remains from Portugal’s past. The papers in this book comprise a wide range of themes and include material from various periods; the common denominator being their Lusitanian origin. The articles describe faunal remains dating from the Paleolithic to modern times and from various aspects, some purely zooarchaeological, others archaeological and combine a spectrum of methods of study, classical osteology/zooarchaeology, ancient DNA, and even written sources.

The volume starts with an article about Paleolithic artefacts, followed by articles about Mesolithic Muge and Algarve and ends the prehistoric period with a discussion about Bronze age animal remains. The Roman period is also well represented as the Medieval and Modern periods, both with specific site-studies and other more wide-ranging ones that summarize work carried out in specific geographical areas. The volume finishes with an article about the situation of Zooarchaeology as a profession and scientific area of study in present-day Portugal.

Here we are presented with the latest results from the younger generation of Portuguese zooarchaeologists as well as several more experienced in this field. With this small volume it is hoped to put Portuguese zooarchaeology ‘on the map’.
Lieux de culte et parcours cérémoniels dans les fêtes des vingtaines à Mexico - Tenochtitlan by Elena Mazzetto. xi+423 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In French. BAR S2661 2014 Paris Monographs in American Archaeology 36. ISBN 9781407313030. £57.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book analyzes the places of worship used during the eighteen feasts of the Nahua solar calendar, called “veintenas”, and the ceremonial paths of the participants in the ceremonies in the Aztec capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. The work is based on the study of written sources of the sixteenth century, the pictographic manuscripts of pre-Hispanic times and their copies of the first colonial era, as well as archaeological data. In this way a comprehensive overview of the buildings and open spaces used during the monthly rites is presented. Each chapter is devoted to the study of a month and its ceremonies and is divided in two parts. As the first part describes the sacred spaces, the second one examines the ceremonial paths, its participants and the moments of realization. This investigation is enriched by the study of their localization in the sacred geography of the city. The conclusions obtained help to understand some of the new aspects of Aztec religious life: the symbolic significance of places of worship, the geographical distribution of the centers of supernatural power in the urban space and their usage. In this way, these data reflect the worldview of the ancient Nahuas.
Archaeology of Mound-Clusters in West Africa edited by Augustin F. C. Holl. x+196 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2660 2014 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 87. ISBN 9781407313023. £27.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Archaeology of Mounds clusters in West Africa aims to understand the dynamics that enhanced and sustained the settlement systems made of distinct but close mounds. Most of the mounds-clusters are found in low-lying and flat areas in West Africa sahel and savanna. It has been suggested that West-Africa mound-clustering resulted from patterns of residential segregation articulated on ethnicity, specialized occupation, and/or both. However, most of the archaeological research conducted so far on this kind of settlement has failed to test this hypothesis, and does not address the very issues of their processes of formation and patterns of development. The methodology adopted - single mound sampling approach – does not allow for such explorations. The comprehensive approach presented in this book is articulated on the implementation of complementary excavation strategies. This involves the test excavation of all the mounds of two of the largest mounds clusters found in the study area, and the sampling of a third one, located in a different environmental context. The fine-grained chronology obtained allows the probing of the patterns of growth and diversification of mounds clusters through time, showing the operations of a broad range of settlement location decisions. Bio-anthropological data points clearly to warfare during the scramble for land that took place during the first quarter of the second millenium AD. Depending on time-sequences, special purpose mounds – iron producers, weavers, karité-oil producers – are differentially integrated in each of the tested mounds-clusters. No single settlement strategy fits all.
Miscellania Theory, Rock Art and Heritage edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. vi+87 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and Spanish.. BAR S2659 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 11. ISBN 9781407313016. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume brings together several papers delivered in different sessions that, for various reasons, were not completely published. Four major themes are involved: cultural interactions, rock art, theory and heritage.

Papers by A. Meza and F. Vergara discuss intercultural issues in archaeological and ethnoarchaeological contexts.

The paper by Albuquerque and Almeida on cognitive archaeology opens a sequence of five papers dedicated to rock art issues, including pigments studies (Gomes, Rosina and Santos), landscape analysis (Oliveira and Oliveira; Basille and Ratto) and methodology (G. Muñoz).

The relations between New Archaeology and modern Russian research are the focus of discussion by I. Shucteleva.

Urban and modern archaeology in the context of heritage management of contact are discussed in the papers by D. Costa, F. Borba and D. Bandeira, D. Pereiosta and R. Godoy.
Mobility and Transitions in the Holocene edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. viii+184 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2658 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 9. ISBN 9781407313009. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The organization of the UISPP XVI world congress in Florianópolis was the occasion to focus a certain number of themes that are preferably dealt with at a transcontinental scale. Several sessions discussed the issue of transition mechanism (technological, social, economic, and their climatic and environmental contexts).

Marcel Otte opens the volume, focusing on the specific role of straits, a topic that is also at the foundation of Judith Carlin’s et al. paper.

Contributions by Fabio Parenti et al., Gustavo Wagner and Mercedes Okumura et al., discuss the human adaptations in different contexts in Brazil, during the early and middle Holocene.

First farming societies in Southern America and in Europe are approached in the papers by Marcel Otte and Jorge Oliveira et al., while the transition into more complex societies, bearing metallurgical knowledge, is the focus of papers by Leonor Rocha et al., Cătălin Lazăr.

Finally, classic contexts on both sides of the Atlantic are revisited by Erika Gómez and by Carolina Dias.
Technology and Experimentation in Archaeology edited by Sara Cura, Jedson Cerezer, Maria Gurova, Boris Santander, Luiz Oosterbeek and Jorge Cristóvão. viii+96 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2657 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 10. ISBN 9781407312996. £24.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Experimental Archaeology as an hypothesis contrast method, focusing on technological studies, is not new in archaeological research procedures. Since the early 1970s, as a consequence of the application of châine-operatoire/reduction sequence concepts within the framework of Palaeoethnological investigation, or within the actualistics studies highly developed in the framework of Processual Archaeology, the experimentation and utilization of artefact replicas have been used in the search for answers regarding technological procedures and their functional aspects.

However, since the 1990s the research interface between technology and experimentation, worldwide, has increased, resulting in a renewal of procedures and interest in the incorporation of such studies particularly in the field of techno-functional analysis of prehistoric artefacts.

Nevertheless the criticisms on experimental procedures are abundant, questioning its theoretical fundamentals and explanation validity. These remarks result both from the morphotypological approaches to artefact assemblages, but also from a lack of understanding on the range and goals of such studies.

Stefano Grimaldi discusses the epistemological implications of experimental approaches. Experimentation on lithics are discussed in the papers of S. Cura, P. Cura, S. Grimaldi and E. Cristiani; G. N. de Souza and Â. P. Lima; B. de S. Barreto and M. P. Cabral; M. J. Rodet, A. Prous, J. Machado and L. F. Bass; G. N. Poplevko). Other papers discuss experimentation in the production of beads (M. Gurova, C. Bonsall, B. Bradley, E. Anastassova and P. Cura), new protocols on ceramics experimentation (J. F. Cerezer), ethnographic ceramic technology (R. T. Bortolin and V. Fróis), bone industry (B. Santander; C. Costa, N. Almeida, H. Gomes, S. Cura and P. Cura) and rock art engravings (N. S. da Rosa, S. Cura, S. Garcês and P. Cura).
Lithic Raw Material Resources and Procurement in Pre- and Protohistoric Times Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the UISPP Commission on Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times (Paris, 10-11 September 2012) edited by Françoise Bostyn and François Giligny. 131 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2656 2014. ISBN 9781407312989. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Union Internationale des Sciences Pré- et Protohistoriques (UISPP) commission on “Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times” was created at the 12th meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (Cracow, Poland, 19th-24th September 2006). The aim was to perpetuate the tradition of organizing international symposia on flint, established by the Limburg Branch of the Dutch Geological Society in 1969 at Maastricht. The commission intends to maintain cooperation in archaeological research on siliceous rock mining (flint, chert, hornstone, radiolarite, jasper and obsidian), by presenting and discussing methods and results. Major fields of interest include the different stages of chaînes opératoires of manufacture, specialisation of labour and circulation of raw materials, as well as the study of flint mining sites in relation to pre- and protohistoric settlement patterns. The objective of the commission is to promote these lines of research into flint mining and its methods, thus enabling a better understanding of the various phenomena and processes taking place in pre- and protohistoric times.

This volume contains the papers of the Paris conference held on 10th-11th September 2012, together with some additional papers presented at Vienna 2010 and Florianópolis 2011.

A first set of contributions concerns the main topic of the conference, which was lithothèques and reference collections. A further group of papers concerns the second conference theme: workshops, from excavation to chaînes opératoires reconstruction.
Archaeology, Societies and Environments in Africa edited by Luis Oosterbeek, Abdoulaye Camara and Cristina Martins. iv+65 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and French. BAR S2655 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 7. ISBN 9781407312972. £21.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

African Prehistory is at the core of UISPP concerns, namely due to its crucial role to understand the origins and evolution of humans, but also for the complexity of its cultural diversity, in all major issues that are focused by the Union: cultures, economy and environments; specific environmental contexts like deserts or coastal areas, artistic expressions, prehistoric technologies, related methods and theories, history of research or the interaction between archaeology and current society.

This volume presents eight papers that cover some of the major debates in African contexts: the lower Palaeolithic of Western Africa (A. Camara), the interaction between human cultures and environment in the late Holocene (S. Ozainne), the rock art in western central and austral Africa (C. Martins, L. Oosterbeek and G. Heimlich), metallurgy (H. Kienon Kaboret and K.S. Kouassi), pottery (M. Sall) and archaeological knowledge socialization (S. Fonseca and E. Gil).
Diseños geométricos en los mosaicos de Écija (Sevilla) by Sebastián Vargas Vázquez. 202 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Spanish text with English Abstract. BAR S2654 2014. ISBN 9781407312965. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume focusses on the mosaics and geometric designs from Écija, the ancient Roman Astigi, the capital of the Conventus Astigitanus, which is one of four conventus iuridici that made the Roman Baetica. This work is part of a much larger study centered recently on the mosaics and the geometrical compositions of the Conventus Astgitanus, whose immediate objective pursued to cover the analysis of the musivaria of the whole of Baetica.

In conjunction with the mosaics catalogue, this volume presents a catalogue of geometric designs, which are results of studies of different fields that make up the pavements themselves.
Metals from K2 and Mapungubwe, Middle Limpopo Valley A technological study of early second millennium material culture, with an emphasis on conservation by Farahnaz Koleini. xvii+182 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2653 2014 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 86. ISBN 9781407312958. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The book focuses on the conservation of iron and copper objects that mostly belong to the Iron Age sites of K2 and Mapungubwe (AD 825-1290), the two most prominent archaeological settlements in the middle Limpopo valley area of northern South Africa. For the purpose of conservation three main objectives were considered: revealing the material and methods of fabrication; evaluating physical and chemical stability; and preservation.

Chapter 1 provides a short introduction to the study and presents its objectives. Chapter 2 then sets out the analytical methods and principles used in gathering and managing the data obtained. Next, Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the methods of manufacture of the selected artefacts as well as their physical stability. In these chapters the artefacts were respectively studied by the use of non-destructive methods such as neutron tomography and microscopy. Here, a new quantitative technique for estimating the corrosion percentage by using neutron tomograms and IMAGEJ software was introduced. Some of the objects with ambiguities as to their fabrication, were sampled destructively for metallographical examination and further chemical analyses. The native objects were manufactured by hot forging or cold working followed by annealing only in the case of copper, strip twisting and casting of molten copper in one piece mould. Meanwhile, new light was shed regarding signs of a new technique used in the production of some types of round wire on Mapungubwe Hill (strip-drawing).

Chapter 5 examines the chemical stability of the artefacts and the deterioration processes affecting them, considering both the composition of corrosion products and the effects of environmental conditions on their formation. This information was gathered using analytical techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, XRD and SEM-EDS. Chapter 6 then presents suitable and practical conservation methods for the objects in question. These methods consist of both interventive and preventive conservation. The thesis concludes (in Chapter 7) with a summary of the results obtained.