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Miscellania Theory, Rock Art and Heritage edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. vi+87 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and Spanish.. BAR S2659 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 11. ISBN 9781407313016. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume brings together several papers delivered in different sessions that, for various reasons, were not completely published. Four major themes are involved: cultural interactions, rock art, theory and heritage.

Papers by A. Meza and F. Vergara discuss intercultural issues in archaeological and ethnoarchaeological contexts.

The paper by Albuquerque and Almeida on cognitive archaeology opens a sequence of five papers dedicated to rock art issues, including pigments studies (Gomes, Rosina and Santos), landscape analysis (Oliveira and Oliveira; Basille and Ratto) and methodology (G. Muñoz).

The relations between New Archaeology and modern Russian research are the focus of discussion by I. Shucteleva.

Urban and modern archaeology in the context of heritage management of contact are discussed in the papers by D. Costa, F. Borba and D. Bandeira, D. Pereiosta and R. Godoy.
Mobility and Transitions in the Holocene edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. viii+184 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2658 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 9. ISBN 9781407313009. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The organization of the UISPP XVI world congress in Florianópolis was the occasion to focus a certain number of themes that are preferably dealt with at a transcontinental scale. Several sessions discussed the issue of transition mechanism (technological, social, economic, and their climatic and environmental contexts).

Marcel Otte opens the volume, focusing on the specific role of straits, a topic that is also at the foundation of Judith Carlin’s et al. paper.

Contributions by Fabio Parenti et al., Gustavo Wagner and Mercedes Okumura et al., discuss the human adaptations in different contexts in Brazil, during the early and middle Holocene.

First farming societies in Southern America and in Europe are approached in the papers by Marcel Otte and Jorge Oliveira et al., while the transition into more complex societies, bearing metallurgical knowledge, is the focus of papers by Leonor Rocha et al., Cătălin Lazăr.

Finally, classic contexts on both sides of the Atlantic are revisited by Erika Gómez and by Carolina Dias.
Technology and Experimentation in Archaeology edited by Sara Cura, Jedson Cerezer, Maria Gurova, Boris Santander, Luiz Oosterbeek and Jorge Cristóvão. viii+96 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2657 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 10. ISBN 9781407312996. £24.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Experimental Archaeology as an hypothesis contrast method, focusing on technological studies, is not new in archaeological research procedures. Since the early 1970s, as a consequence of the application of châine-operatoire/reduction sequence concepts within the framework of Palaeoethnological investigation, or within the actualistics studies highly developed in the framework of Processual Archaeology, the experimentation and utilization of artefact replicas have been used in the search for answers regarding technological procedures and their functional aspects.

However, since the 1990s the research interface between technology and experimentation, worldwide, has increased, resulting in a renewal of procedures and interest in the incorporation of such studies particularly in the field of techno-functional analysis of prehistoric artefacts.

Nevertheless the criticisms on experimental procedures are abundant, questioning its theoretical fundamentals and explanation validity. These remarks result both from the morphotypological approaches to artefact assemblages, but also from a lack of understanding on the range and goals of such studies.

Stefano Grimaldi discusses the epistemological implications of experimental approaches. Experimentation on lithics are discussed in the papers of S. Cura, P. Cura, S. Grimaldi and E. Cristiani; G. N. de Souza and Â. P. Lima; B. de S. Barreto and M. P. Cabral; M. J. Rodet, A. Prous, J. Machado and L. F. Bass; G. N. Poplevko). Other papers discuss experimentation in the production of beads (M. Gurova, C. Bonsall, B. Bradley, E. Anastassova and P. Cura), new protocols on ceramics experimentation (J. F. Cerezer), ethnographic ceramic technology (R. T. Bortolin and V. Fróis), bone industry (B. Santander; C. Costa, N. Almeida, H. Gomes, S. Cura and P. Cura) and rock art engravings (N. S. da Rosa, S. Cura, S. Garcês and P. Cura).
Lithic Raw Material Resources and Procurement in Pre- and Protohistoric Times Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the UISPP Commission on Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times (Paris, 10-11 September 2012) edited by Françoise Bostyn and François Giligny. 131 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2656 2014. ISBN 9781407312989. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Union Internationale des Sciences Pré- et Protohistoriques (UISPP) commission on “Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times” was created at the 12th meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (Cracow, Poland, 19th-24th September 2006). The aim was to perpetuate the tradition of organizing international symposia on flint, established by the Limburg Branch of the Dutch Geological Society in 1969 at Maastricht. The commission intends to maintain cooperation in archaeological research on siliceous rock mining (flint, chert, hornstone, radiolarite, jasper and obsidian), by presenting and discussing methods and results. Major fields of interest include the different stages of chaînes opératoires of manufacture, specialisation of labour and circulation of raw materials, as well as the study of flint mining sites in relation to pre- and protohistoric settlement patterns. The objective of the commission is to promote these lines of research into flint mining and its methods, thus enabling a better understanding of the various phenomena and processes taking place in pre- and protohistoric times.

This volume contains the papers of the Paris conference held on 10th-11th September 2012, together with some additional papers presented at Vienna 2010 and Florianópolis 2011.

A first set of contributions concerns the main topic of the conference, which was lithothèques and reference collections. A further group of papers concerns the second conference theme: workshops, from excavation to chaînes opératoires reconstruction.
Archaeology, Societies and Environments in Africa edited by Luis Oosterbeek, Abdoulaye Camara and Cristina Martins. iv+65 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and French. BAR S2655 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 7. ISBN 9781407312972. £21.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

African Prehistory is at the core of UISPP concerns, namely due to its crucial role to understand the origins and evolution of humans, but also for the complexity of its cultural diversity, in all major issues that are focused by the Union: cultures, economy and environments; specific environmental contexts like deserts or coastal areas, artistic expressions, prehistoric technologies, related methods and theories, history of research or the interaction between archaeology and current society.

This volume presents eight papers that cover some of the major debates in African contexts: the lower Palaeolithic of Western Africa (A. Camara), the interaction between human cultures and environment in the late Holocene (S. Ozainne), the rock art in western central and austral Africa (C. Martins, L. Oosterbeek and G. Heimlich), metallurgy (H. Kienon Kaboret and K.S. Kouassi), pottery (M. Sall) and archaeological knowledge socialization (S. Fonseca and E. Gil).
Diseños geométricos en los mosaicos de Écija (Sevilla) by Sebastián Vargas Vázquez. BAR S2654 2014. ISBN 9781407312965. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume focusses on the mosaics and geometric designs from Écija, the ancient Roman Astigi, the capital of the Conventus Astigitanus, which is one of four conventus iuridici that made the Roman Baetica. This work is part of a much larger study centered recently on the mosaics and the geometrical compositions of the Conventus Astgitanus, whose immediate objective pursued to cover the analysis of the musivaria of the whole of Baetica.

In conjunction with the mosaics catalogue, this volume presents a catalogue of geometric designs, which are results of studies of different fields that make up the pavements themselves.
Metals from K2 and Mapungubwe, Middle Limpopo Valley A technological study of early second millennium material culture, with an emphasis on conservation by Farahnaz Koleini. xvii+182 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2653 2014 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 86. ISBN 9781407312958. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The book focuses on the conservation of iron and copper objects that mostly belong to the Iron Age sites of K2 and Mapungubwe (AD 825-1290), the two most prominent archaeological settlements in the middle Limpopo valley area of northern South Africa. For the purpose of conservation three main objectives were considered: revealing the material and methods of fabrication; evaluating physical and chemical stability; and preservation.

Chapter 1 provides a short introduction to the study and presents its objectives. Chapter 2 then sets out the analytical methods and principles used in gathering and managing the data obtained. Next, Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the methods of manufacture of the selected artefacts as well as their physical stability. In these chapters the artefacts were respectively studied by the use of non-destructive methods such as neutron tomography and microscopy. Here, a new quantitative technique for estimating the corrosion percentage by using neutron tomograms and IMAGEJ software was introduced. Some of the objects with ambiguities as to their fabrication, were sampled destructively for metallographical examination and further chemical analyses. The native objects were manufactured by hot forging or cold working followed by annealing only in the case of copper, strip twisting and casting of molten copper in one piece mould. Meanwhile, new light was shed regarding signs of a new technique used in the production of some types of round wire on Mapungubwe Hill (strip-drawing).

Chapter 5 examines the chemical stability of the artefacts and the deterioration processes affecting them, considering both the composition of corrosion products and the effects of environmental conditions on their formation. This information was gathered using analytical techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, XRD and SEM-EDS. Chapter 6 then presents suitable and practical conservation methods for the objects in question. These methods consist of both interventive and preventive conservation. The thesis concludes (in Chapter 7) with a summary of the results obtained.
The Excavations of Maresha Subterranean Complex 57: The ‘Heliodorus’ Cave edited by Ian Stern. xiv+132 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2652 2014. ISBN 9781407312941. £27.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Maresha is located in the Judean lowlands approximately 40 km southwest of Jerusalem and approximately 30 km southeast of Ashkelon. This volume is the final report of one of the most interesting subterranean complexes at Maresha. Located in close proximity to an area identified as a temple or shrine, its contents suggest a possible connection to this structure. It was within this cave complex that the “Heliodorus” stele was discovered (Chapter 12), along with Aramaic (Chapter 8) and Greek ostraca (Chapter 9), numerous figurines (Chapter 6), kernos lamps (Chapter 5), coins (Chapter 10), stamped handles (Chapter 7), astragals and an extraordinary array of faunal remains (Chapter 11). In addition, a 7th century BCE bulla of a sphinxa was found (Chapter 4).
Paleoindian Subsistence Dynamics on the Northwestern Great Plains Zooarchaeology of the Agate Basin and Clary Ranch by Matthew G. Hill. viii+144 pages; 55 tables; 60 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs; 5 data Appendices. BAR S1756 2008. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301952. £24.00. Buy Now

This study illuminates structural variability in hunter/gatherer diet and subsistence behavior under conditions of low population density and rapid ecological reorganization. More specifically, it explores several unresolved issues relating to the diet and subsistence behavior of post-Clovis Paleoindian hunter/gatherers who inhabited the Northwestern Great Plains of North America during the late Pleistocene/early Holocene (ca. 11-8,000 years ago).
Plants and Diet in Greece from Neolithic to Classic Periods The archaeobotanical remains by Fragkiska Megaloudi. ix+95 pages; 26 figures, maps and photographs; 21 tables. Thirteen-page Bibliography of botanical and archaeobotanical sources. BAR S1516 2006. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841719498. £24.00. Buy Now

This monograph provides a synthesis of information on Greek food plants recovered mainly through archaeobotanical studies. The principal goal is to present the first diachronic study of the use of vegetal species in the Eastern Aegean region in the period spanning the millennia between the Early Neolithic (ca. 7000 BC) and Classical times (4th century BC). The data compiled here can shed light on several aspects of ancient food and diet, including the geographical and chronological distribution of cereals and legumes, the beginnings of arboriculture in Greece, and the use and symbolic meaning of plants in ancient times.
Elements of Being: Mentalities, Identities and Movements edited by Daniela Hofmann, Jessica Mills and Andrew Cochrane. iv+120 pages; illustrated throughout with maps, plans, drawings and photographs. BAR S1437 2005. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841718734. £24.00. Buy Now

This volume is the product of a Theoretical Archaeology Group (TAG) conference session (held at Lampeter, Wales, in December 2003) entitled Mentalités and Identities in Motion. Included here are all the papers held there, and more besides. The session centred on the role of past ways of thinking, feeling and acting in social transformation, and exploring past worldviews as (instead of being relegated to the ‘fictional’ or anecdotal) an integral part of every aspect of human life, not just explicit contexts of power struggles and domination, but also approachable from the material evidence. The contributions are widely spread across space and time, ranging from Northern Ireland to Sicily, from France to Bulgaria and covering almost every period from the Mesolithic to the Thirty Years’ War. On top of this, they are also very different in methodology, in the ways they have interpreted the session title and approached their evidence. Before rushing headlong into this kaleidoscopic mix, then, it is worth briefly explaining the rationale behind the session title and the selection and arrangement of papers. CONTENTS: (1) A taste of the unexpected: subverting mentalités through the motifs and settings of Irish passage tombs (Andrew Cochrane); (2) “Un pour tous, tous pour un”, Communal identity and individualism in northern French villages during the Thirty Years’ War (Hugues Courbot-Dewerdt); (3) Private lives, public identities: a spatial analysis of privacy within Bulgarian tell architecture (Gary Jones); (4) Agents of identity: performative practice at the Etton causewayed enclosure (Oliver Harris); (5) ‘Mending Gauls’ fences with the Romans’: spatial identities from farmsteads to sacred places in northern Gaul (Cécilia Courbot-Dewerdt); (6) Fragments of power: LBK figurines and the mortuary record (Daniela Hofmann); (7) ‘What the Romans did for us.’ A question of identity in the Broekpolder (Marjolijn Kok); (8) War and domestic peace in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age of Abruzzo (Central Italy). Social reproduction and cultural landscapes as a starting-point for the construction of mentalités (Erik van Rossenberg); (9) Identity and change: the inception of the Bell Beaker phenomenon in the Central Mediterranean Sea area (Marc Vander Linden); (10) Movement as a mentalité: mobile lifeways in the Neolithic and Bronze Age Great Ouse, Nene and Welland Valleys (Jessica Mills); (11)Reopening old trails – Rethinking mobility: a study of the mesolithic in northeast Ireland (Thomas Kador).
Death, Society and Culture: Inscriptions and Epitaphs in Gaul and Spain, AD 300-750. by Mark A. Handley. vii+244 pages; 86 figures, including graphs and tables; 1 appendix, 6 epigraphic bibliographies, lists of both primary and secondary sources, index of places, index of saints. BAR S1135 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715085. £18.00. Buy Now

This volume is concerned with the monumental stone inscriptions from Spain and Gaul during the period from 300 to 750 AD, and therefore the vast majority of these inscriptions are Christian and Latin in origin, with a few Jewish and Greek ones as well. Inscriptions make up the largest body of surviving written material from this period, but this is a relatively ignored area of research. This study attempts to use this large body of evidence in order to better understand the cultural, social and religious history of these regions during the period in question. Handley begins by introducing Christian epigraphy and places the relevant Gallic and Spanish material in the context of the Latin West. He also discusses the ideas held about death and funerary inscriptions that were held in this period, and he is interested in the changes that occurred after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, as well as what happened after the fall of the Empire itself. Methods of the creation of these inscriptions is discussed, and Handley looks at literary sources as well as physical evidence, with the pattern emerging of workshops creating inscriptions from largely pre-prepared stones and written models. The usage of inscriptions is another important question, and the evidence points towards inscriptions being mainly reserved for the higher classes and social élite. Handley also divides up all of the burials that have inscriptions into an analysis of different ages and genders; for example, he discusses the ratios of male to female inscriptions, as well as family commemorations. This enables the study to look at when women or the elderly were most likely to be commemorated with an inscription. Handley also looks at what demographic information these inscriptions can give us, with analysis of aspects such as average life expectancy, marriage age, seasonal fertility and seasonal mortality being collected. A large number of inscriptions also record the actual day of death, and this gives a large amount of information on the pagan names of the days and their continued usage, Christian names of days, as well as information on the use, and later development from, the Roman calendar system. These inscriptions also give information on the cults of saints in Gaul and Spain, and go into detail on the cult of St Martin of Tours, also discussing Spanish evidence for martyr cults, inscriptions in the town of Vienne, as well as pilgrim graffiti from Gaul and Spain. The study goes on to look at literacy levels during this period and discusses how much information these inscriptions can give us to determine this, and also covers other questions that this raises. In his conclusion Handley looks at the end of the practice of epigraphic inscriptions in Gaul and Spain during this period, with changes in commemoration practices, and in society in general, leading to a decline in the amount of inscriptions being made on tombstones. Inscriptions of these kind in the period in question are of importance because the epitaph that was placed on the stone became the ‘embodiment’ of the deceased and was a focus for mourning. The characteristics of the deceased were placed there on the stone, so the inscription therefore represented the dead. These inscriptions represented the social élite in the way that they wished to appear, and their very presence was a status symbol. This book opens up our eyes to the wealth of information that can be gained from such a large pool of information that these inscriptions represent.
The Poseidonian Chora Archaic Greeks in the Italic hinterland by Mikels Skele. vi+115 pages; 31 figures, maps, plans, drawings; 31 b/w plates; Indeces; survey inventory. BAR S1094 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714720. £18.00. Buy Now

The Poseidonian chora encompasses the plain South of the Sele River, which formed the ancient boundary between the Greek lands and the Etruscan territory to the North, East to the Alburnus Mountains and South to the Punta Licosa. The aim of this study is to understand the nature of the relationship between the Greek settlers of Poseidonia, founded at the turn of the sixth century BC in the Sele Plain (in modern Campania), and the Italic peoples indigenous in the plain. The Greek city flourished from its foundation until about 400 BC when it came under the control of Lucanians from the nearby Apennines. Recent attention has focused on its three well-preserved temples, the rich cemeteries, and the sanctuaries outside the walls. This present study examines the hypothesis that not only was the relationship cordial during the 200-year tenure of the Greeks, but that the indigenous groups actually collaborated in the founding of the city.
The Archaeological Excavation of the 10th Century Intan Shipwreck, Java Sea, Indonesia by Michael Flecker. iv, 163 pages, numerous tables, photographs, appendices. BAR S1047 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714283. £18.00. Buy Now

In 1997 the author excavated a shipwreck in the north-western reaches of the Java Sea, Indonesia. It became known as the Intan Wreck due to its close proximity to the Intan Oil Field. The wreck has been dated early to mid-10th century through Chinese coin dates, stylistic analysis of ceramics, and radiocarbon dating. While the structure of the shipwreck has all but disappeared, enough fragments remained for timber identification and a glimpse at construction techniques. These clues, together with cargo types and wreck location, strongly indicate an Indonesian ship of lashed-lug construction. From cargo distribution the Intan ship may have been as long as 30 m. The abundance of surviving cargo stands in stark contrast to the fragmentary hull remains. A total of 6,154 non-ceramic artefacts and 7,309 ceramic artefacts were logged over the course of the excavation. Materials are as diverse as bronze, lead, silver, iron, tin, gold, glass, ceramic, stone, and organics. Origins are as far afield as China, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Middle East. Such diversity is a clear indication of entrepot trade, the most likely port of lading being the Srivijayan capital, Palembang. Considering the wreck location and the large base metal component, the Intan ship could only have been bound for metal deficient Java.
Imports of Post-Archaic Greek Pottery into Cyrenaica From the end of the Archaic to the beginning of Hellenistic period by Faraj Mohmoud Elrashedy. vi+329 pages; 8 tables; 8 maps and plans; 10 plates of drawings; 160 plates of b/w photographs; catalogue; 13-page bibliography. BAR S1022 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714038. £18.00. Buy Now

This study is an important contribution to the knowledge of the published (and much un-published) fifth- and fourth-century BC pottery imported into Cyrenaica (present day Libya), and especially into the region’s great cities of Cyrene, Apollonia, Ptolemais, Barka, and Berenice/Euhesperides. The volume sheds great light on the historical relationship between Cyrenaica and the rest of the Greek world in terms of trade and agriculture, civil and domestic life, and myth, cult and religious practices (including references to the ever-fascinating ‘Garden of the Hesperides’ and accounts of the Panathenaean Festivals). A full catalogue and 160 plates of photographs (of superb and rare vessels from Libya and great collections from Europe and the US) are central to Dr Elrashedy’s study, providing a significant resource for future reference.
Christianity in Roman Pannonia An evaluation of Early Christian finds and sites from Hungary with a fully illustrated catalogue by Dorottya Gáspár. xii; 311 pages; 397 figures, maps, plans, drawings, and photographs; concordance of finds; 26 page bibliography; index. BAR S1010 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712825. £18.00. Buy Now

The first five centuries of Christian pre-eminence in what is now modern Hungary present their own special questions. Among them, did the end of the 5th century mean a real break in the whole of the Christian world or only in Pannonia (modern Hungary), or should a chronological boundary be drawn at some other date? This survey divides the period into two, before and after Constantine (ancient and early Christianity), and, from the evidence of the finds, explores the important changes that occurred in the era. The results throw considerable light on the populations of the various faiths and the gradual acknowledgment of the Christian religion.
The Rural History of Ancient Greek City-States The Oropos Survey Project by Michael B. Cosmopoulos. xiv, 166 pages, 88 figures, photographs, drawings, maps and plans; 14 tables, 22-page bibliography, index. BAR S1001 2001. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712825. £18.00. Buy Now

Rural landscapes constitute valuable records of our past, but given the silence of ancient Greek sources on rural life it is the archaeologists who have can provide the missing information. This volume studies the rural landscape of the ancient Greek city-state of Oropos in order to reach an understanding of the various processes that shaped its history. (The Oropia covered an area of roughly 100 sq km in the northeastern corner of modern Attica, some 50 km north of Athens, and included the important sanctuary of the hero Amphiaraos.) The monograph explores all evidence of occupation, from the third millennium to the decline of the famous sanctuary at the time of the expansion of Christianity. The rural history of the ancient Oropia can be viewed as a continuous struggle of a border area to adapt to the changing demands and policies of regional, national, and international powers. The final section of the book includes a detailed catalogue of findspots.
Vici in Roman Gaul by Monica Rorison. 269 pages, numerous maps, site drawings, tables, and comprehensive gazeteer. BAR S933 2001. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712272. £18.00. Buy Now

The subject of this work is the ‘vici’ settlements of Gaul, or more precisely of the Three Gauls; Aquitania, Lugdunensis, and Belgica; ten areas in all are covered, taking in the north-west, south-west, central, and eastern Gaul. The time span covered is approximately from the conquest culminating in the victory of Caesar at Alesia in 52 BC, to the loss of Roman control at the beginning of the fifth century. The initial objectives are to catalogue the ‘vici’ and provide an overview of the origins and development, structural complexity and character, and the functions of these settlements. The ‘vici’ made a special contribution to the life of Roman Gaul, through their workshop industry, their involvement in trade and transport, their cult centres, and the culture of their inhabitants. Contains maps, site plans and extensive gazetteer.
The Impact of Rome on Settlement in the Northwestern and Danube Provinces Lectures held at the Winckelmann-Institut der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin in winter 1998/99 edited by Stefan Altekamp and Alfred Schäfer. 159 pages, numerous figures, plates, maps, plans and drawings. BAR S921 2001. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712191. £18.00. Buy Now

The seven chapters in this volume were delivered at a cycle of lectures presented (at the Winckelmann-Institut der Humboldt-Universität) in Berlin over the winter of 1998/99. Concentrating on the Roman era, four contributions focus on the impact of Roman settlement in the ‘Northwestern Provinces’ (Britain, Germany, Gaul, and the Low Countries), and three discuss aspects of Roman life in the Danube Provinces (Moesia/Lower Danube, Apulum/Alba Iulia, and Caracalla/Dacia.).
Beyond Ibn Hawqal’s Bahr al-Fārs 10th -13th Centuries AD: Sindh and the Kīj-u-Makrān Region, Hinge of an International Network of Religious, Political, Institutional and Economic Affairs edited by Valeria Piacentini Fiorani. xii+196 pages; illustrated throughout in colour & black and white. BAR S2651 2014 Studies in the Archaeology and History of Baluchistan 2. ISBN 9781407312927. £37.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The first section of the present volume is a report of the Italian involvement in Southern Makrān and Kharān, its aims and objects, modus operandi. It is essentially restricted to the Islamic era and represents a discourse preliminary to the second section. The methodological approach of combining historical sources (written and manuscript, Persian and Arabic) with archaeological evidence and geo-morphological study has allowed for a re-reading of the traditional literature and the role played by Makrān and, in particular, the Kīj-u-Makrān region during the 10th-13th Centuries AD. Many questions put by this mystifying region still stand only partly answered, if not completely un-answered. After three seasons of archaeological field-work and research – complemented with accurate geo-morphological surveys and studying – we are still confronted with an elusive region and some crucial queries. ‘Part Two’ of this study is the follow up of the archaeological and geo-morphological research-work: a historical study, which focuses on the 10th-13th Centuries AD.
The West Bank Survey from Faras to Gemai 1 Sites of Early Nubian, Middle Nubian and Pharaonic Age by Hans-Åke Nordström. xviii+215 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2650 2014. ISBN 9781407312897. £36.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume is the last to be printed in a series describing in detail the results of the so-called West Bank Survey, an archaeological survey in the northernmost part of Sudanese Nubia, undertaken on the West Bank between the villages of Faras in the north and Gemai in the south during the period 1960-64. This project was carried out in anticipation of the flooding of the Aswan High Dam. The whole series has been divided into three volumes, no. 2 including sites from the Meroitic and Ballana periods (BAR S1335: Adams 2004), no. 3 including sites of the Christian age (BAR S1421: Adams 2005), while the present volume, no. 1, consists of detailed descriptions of sites and finds of the Early Nubian, Middle Nubian and Pharaonic New Kingdom periods.
An Integration of the Use-Wear and Residue Analysis for the Identification of the Function of Archaeological Stone Tools Proceedings of the International Workshop, Rome, March 5th-7th, 2012 edited by Cristina Lemorini and Stella Nunziante Cesaro. 123 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2649 2014. ISBN 9781407312880. £25.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The book publishes the proceedings of the workshop held in Rome in March 2012 that was intended to bring together archaeologists, scientists and students involved in the study of use-wear traces on prehistoric stone tools and/or in the identification of micro residues that might be present in them in order to hypothesize their function. Use-wear analysis carried out with microscopic analysis at low or high magnification is, at present, a settled procedure. The individuation and identification of residues is attempted using morphological and chemical techniques, these latter divided between invasive and non-invasive. Each employed technique has its own advantages and limitations. Both traces and residues analysis require a comparison to useful replicas. Even with regard to the making of replicas, no shared protocol exists. The workshop underlined the necessity to outline the basis for developing a common protocol concerning both analysis procedures and replicas realization. The adoption of consistent methods will make it possible for data obtained by multiple researchers to become interchangeable.
Rendering Death: Ideological and Archaeological Narratives from Recent Prehistory (Iberia) edited by Ana Cruz, Enrique Cerrill-Cuenca, Primitiva Beuena Ramirez, Joao Carlos Caninas and Carlos Batata. vi+138 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2648 2014. ISBN 9781407312873. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book offers a perspective on death and memory in recent Prehistory on the western Iberian Peninsula (Portugal, Spanish Extremadura and Andalusia). Within this territory the contributors to this volume record the variability of architectonic forms indicative of lengthy period changes in funerary contexts and transformations in the ideological-symbolic substrate of pre-writing communities. The Portuguese karstic region explored in this study lacks megalithic monuments despite the abundant raw material. The contributors attempt to answer questions such as whether this signifies a break with our understanding of ‘Megalithism’ as a result of identity ideologies. Other regions exhibit an expansion of Megalithism, often with exuberant forms, reflecting territorial expansion, while in others we encounter cists, pits and tumuli – all indicators of a new funerary order. The examples investigated in this collection of papers include – for the Neolithic: Oleiros, Castelo Branco, Alto Alentejo and Mondego; for the Neo-Chalcolithic/Early Bronze Age: Tomar, Abrantes, Santarém; for the Bronze Age: Pampilhosa da Serra, Alcoutim, Abrantes, Santarém, Viseu, Vila Nova de Paiva, Castro Daire. Included in this study are the necropolis caves of Spanish Extremadura, representing as they do a chronological continuum from the Early Neolithic to the Bronze Age, and other related sites such as the Canaleja Gorge karstic complex and a range of other megalithic phenomena (menhirs, stelae, cromlechs, dolmens) in the southern Iberian Peninsula (Alentejo and Andalusia).
Early Medieval Agriculture, Livestock and Cereal Production in Ireland, AD 400-1100 by Finbar McCormick, Thomas R. Kerr, Meriel McClatchie and Aidan O'Sullivan. x+688 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2647 2014. ISBN 9781407312866. £83.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book describes, collates and analyses the archaeological, zooarchaeological and palaeobotanical evidence for agriculture, livestock and cereal production in early medieval Ireland, AD 400-1100, particularly as revealed through archaeological excavations in Ireland since 1930. It is based on the research of the Heritage Council-funded Early Medieval Archaeology Project (EMAP), a collaborative research project between University College Dublin and Queens University Belfast, supported by the Irish government Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Providing a range of insights into farmsteads and field enclosures, livestock management (particularly of cattle) and crop cultivation, along with a series of datasets presented in tables and gazetteer descriptions, it is arguably amongst the most detailed, focused and comprehensive analyses of early agricultural practice in its social and economic contexts in Europe, and the wider world.
El Neolítico en el Bajo Vinalopó (Alicante, España) edited by Francisco Javier Jover Maestre, Palmira Torregrosa Giménez and Gabriel García Atiénzar. 312 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Spanish. BAR S2646 2014. ISBN 9781407312859. £44.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume focuses on the beginning and development of the Neolithic in the territories near the final section of the Vinalopó river, and deals with the following matters through several chapters. The book presents in detail new information generated in the final section of the Vinalopó river. It studies the Neolithic materials from La Alcudia (Elche), their location, and makes a comparative analysis about the catchment area. This study shows that, both in this case and in Limoneros II and Cova de les Aranyes, the location was chosen according to the way of life of these first farmers. Regarding Limoneros II, it presents an initial preview of the urgent excavation carried out by the company Alebus Patrimonio Histórico S.L., which has allowed the documentation of a new settlement from the Early Neolithic. The book also presents the results of the excavation carried out in Cova de les Aranyes by M.S. Hernández Pérez and A. Guilabert Mas in the first years of the 21st century, and the study of the documented materials in this excavation and some previous ones. Next, it presentd the information collected from El Alterón, a site that was discovered as the result of an urgent excavation, made of different negative structures that suggest a settlement in the 5th millennium cal BC at the foot of the sierra of Crevillente. On the other hand, the surveys carried out in the sierra of Santa Pola discovered several sites and excavated activity areas located near the coastline, linked to the use of marine resources. Finally, also as the result of an urgent excavation campaign, it was possible to document in Galanet a wide amount of negative structures. The palynological and carpological studies, the datings, and the analysis of the materiality of artefacts, suggest a site similar to a field of silos dating from the beginning of the 3rd millennium cal BC, located in the Barranco of San Antón, which runs parallel to the Vinalopó river.
Constructing ‘Commoner’ Identity in an Ancient Maya Village Class, Status, and Ritual at the Northeast Group, Chan Belize by Chelsea Blackmore. viii+120 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2645 2014. ISBN 9781407312842. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Research at the Northeast Group explores how the malleability of commoner identity is crucial to interpretations of ancient Maya society. This volume has two main aims: first to demonstrate how residents of the Northeast Group used materials and architecture to distinguish themselves from others in the neighborhood, and second to examine the implications of commoners as agents of history. Fundamental to this is the deconstruction of what archaeologists mean by commoner and the theoretical and methodological assumptions built into these definitions. Regardless of extensive research in settlement and household studies, interpretations of ancient Maya society continued to be framed with reference to elites. As elites are defined as the motor of change within civilization, commoners, in contrast, are characterized as static and passive. This books seeks to demonstrate that these models do not accurately reflect who commoners were and their impact in the construction of ancient Maya society as a whole.
La fortificazione della piazza di Messina e le Martello Tower. Il piano difensivo anglo siciliano nel 1810 edited by Armando Donato and Antonio Teramo. vi+76 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Italian. BAR S2644 2014 Notebooks on Military Archaeology and Architecture 9. ISBN 9781407312835. £22.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The presence of the British Army in Sicily during the years of the Napoleonic Wars has deeply marked the history of the island. There are many fortifications still visible, testifying to the British effort to defend Sicily against any possible military aggression. The present work is the result of various studies and research, with the specific objective of documenting and cataloguing the large fortified heritage of the city of Messina, currently undervalued and usable. In particular, the focus is on 1810, an important year for the central project of building fortifications around the Piazza of Messina, as well as the vain attempt to make an amphibious landing on the coast of Sicily, organised by Joachim Murat. The Martello Towers still exist, perhaps the most visible evidence of the work done in that time from the body of the Royal Engineers. A series of surveys on the territory, in conjunction with documentary evidence, have identified other military structures from that period, as well as tracing the precise location of those fortifications that no longer exist. This research therefore sets the stage for a more in-depth study about the interventions of the British for the fortification of the square of Messina.
Traceology Today: Methodological Issues in the Old World and the Americas edited by Maria Estela Mansur, Marcio Alonso Lima and Yolaine Maigrot. xii+84 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2643 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 6. ISBN 9781407312828. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Since it was established as a formal discipline, use-wear analysis has become routine practice in archaeological research, under the general heading of ‘Traceology’, ‘Wear Trace Analysis’, ‘Functional Analysis’, etc. Until recently, most of the scientific meetings relating to these themes have taken place in Europe or in North America. This volume, however, represents work from South America, covering a selection of papers from the first session organized within the scope of Commission 33 of the UISPP ‘Functional Studies of Prehistoric artifacts and their Socio-economic inferences on past societies’, realized in Brazil during the XVI World Congress of the UISPP (Florianópolis, 4-10 September 2011). During the session, researchers sought to explore and discuss particular approaches to use-wear analysis and its application to different raw materials. The papers also cover the current state of the discipline, the delineation of basic directions of investigation, new technologies and their correct application, modelling technological processes, and paleo-economic reconstructions. As a corollary, the work also explores the differences between European and recently developed Latin American lines of research.
L’introduction et la diffusion de la technologie du bronze en Syrie-Mésopotamie Genèse d’un artisanat by Virginia Verardi. Appendices and Glossary. In French. BAR S1740 2008. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301822. £24.00. Buy Now

This study looks at the introduction of bronze technology in Syria/Mesopotamia and its subsequent diffusion and social consequences for the history of the region in the second millennium BC.
Complexity and Diversity in the Late Iron Age Southern Levant The Investigation of ‘Edomite’ Archaeology and Scholarly Discourse by Charlotte M Whiting. xi+238 pages; 74 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs; site Appendix. BAR S1672 0. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301075. £24.00. Buy Now

This study highlights a range of theoretical problems concerning Levantine Iron Age archaeology. Following the introduction, Chapter 2 provides the background for the study as a whole, tracing the archaeological study of the Iron Age southern Levant from the early nineteenth century to the present day. This highlights how and why archaeologists have changed their ideas about the narrative in question through time whilst also retaining a number of key ideas. Chapter 3 traces the archaeological study of ‘Edomite’ archaeology in the southern Levant in particular. Chapter 4 begins the critique of the key ideas and assumptions that underpin ‘Edomite’ archaeology by demonstrating that the individual historical sources used as evidence when discussing the ‘Edomites’ are not simply sources of factual information about the Iron Age. Chapter 5 takes a similarly critical approach to the methods of archaeological excavation, interpretation, and analysis used in south Levantine Iron Age archaeology. Chapter 6 completes the critique of the central ideas that form the basis of ‘Edomite’ archaeology by discussing the central tenets of archaeological theory concerning the relationship between material culture and identity that are required to support this idea. Chapter 7 outlines the methodology used in this study, which was designed to test whether specific ceramic types do in fact support the present interpretation of the late Iron Age southern Levant. The results of the analysis using this methodology are presented in Chapter 8. In Chapter 9 the implications of the preceding chapters are discussed and an interpretation of the evidence which does not rely on traditional problematic assumptions will be presented. Final conclusions are drawn in Chapter 10.