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Beyond Ibn Hawqal’s Bahr al-Fārs 10th -13th Centuries AD: Sindh and the Kīj-u-Makrān Region, Hinge of an International Network of Religious, Political, Institutional and Economic Affairs edited by Valeria Piacentini Fiorani. xii+196 pages; illustrated throughout in colour & black and white. BAR S2651 2014 Studies in the Archaeology and History of Baluchistan 2. ISBN 9781407312927. £37.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The first section of the present volume is a report of the Italian involvement in Southern Makrān and Kharān, its aims and objects, modus operandi. It is essentially restricted to the Islamic era and represents a discourse preliminary to the second section. The methodological approach of combining historical sources (written and manuscript, Persian and Arabic) with archaeological evidence and geo-morphological study has allowed for a re-reading of the traditional literature and the role played by Makrān and, in particular, the Kīj-u-Makrān region during the 10th-13th Centuries AD. Many questions put by this mystifying region still stand only partly answered, if not completely un-answered. After three seasons of archaeological field-work and research – complemented with accurate geo-morphological surveys and studying – we are still confronted with an elusive region and some crucial queries. ‘Part Two’ of this study is the follow up of the archaeological and geo-morphological research-work: a historical study, which focuses on the 10th-13th Centuries AD.
The West Bank Survey from Faras to Gemai 1 Sites of Early Nubian, Middle Nubian and Pharaonic Age by Hans-Åke Nordström. xviii+215 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2650 2014. ISBN 9781407312897. £36.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume is the last to be printed in a series describing in detail the results of the so-called West Bank Survey, an archaeological survey in the northernmost part of Sudanese Nubia, undertaken on the West Bank between the villages of Faras in the north and Gemai in the south during the period 1960-64. This project was carried out in anticipation of the flooding of the Aswan High Dam. The whole series has been divided into three volumes, no. 2 including sites from the Meroitic and Ballana periods (BAR S1335: Adams 2004), no. 3 including sites of the Christian age (BAR S1421: Adams 2005), while the present volume, no. 1, consists of detailed descriptions of sites and finds of the Early Nubian, Middle Nubian and Pharaonic New Kingdom periods.
An Intergration of the Use-Wear and Residue Analysis for the Identification of the Function of Archaeological Stone Tools Proceedings of the International Workshop, Rome, March 5th-7th, 2012 edited by Cristina Lemorini and Stella Nunziante Cesaro. 123 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2649 2014. ISBN 9781407312880. £25.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The book publishes the proceedings of the workshop held in Rome in March 2012 that was intended to bring together archaeologists, scientists and students involved in the study of use-wear traces on prehistoric stone tools and/or in the identification of micro residues that might be present in them in order to hypothesize their function. Use-wear analysis carried out with microscopic analysis at low or high magnification is, at present, a settled procedure. The individuation and identification of residues is attempted using morphological and chemical techniques, these latter divided between invasive and non-invasive. Each employed technique has its own advantages and limitations. Both traces and residues analysis require a comparison to useful replicas. Even with regard to the making of replicas, no shared protocol exists. The workshop underlined the necessity to outline the basis for developing a common protocol concerning both analysis procedures and replicas realization. The adoption of consistent methods will make it possible for data obtained by multiple researchers to become interchangeable.
Rendering Death: Ideological and Archaeological Narratives from Recent Prehistory (Iberia) edited by Ana Cruz, Enrique Cerrill-Cuenca, Primitiva Beuena Ramirez, Joao Carlos Caninas and Carlos Batata. vi+138 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2648 2014. ISBN 9781407312873. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book offers a perspective on death and memory in recent Prehistory on the western Iberian Peninsula (Portugal, Spanish Extremadura and Andalusia). Within this territory the contributors to this volume record the variability of architectonic forms indicative of lengthy period changes in funerary contexts and transformations in the ideological-symbolic substrate of pre-writing communities. The Portuguese karstic region explored in this study lacks megalithic monuments despite the abundant raw material. The contributors attempt to answer questions such as whether this signifies a break with our understanding of ‘Megalithism’ as a result of identity ideologies. Other regions exhibit an expansion of Megalithism, often with exuberant forms, reflecting territorial expansion, while in others we encounter cists, pits and tumuli – all indicators of a new funerary order. The examples investigated in this collection of papers include – for the Neolithic: Oleiros, Castelo Branco, Alto Alentejo and Mondego; for the Neo-Chalcolithic/Early Bronze Age: Tomar, Abrantes, Santarém; for the Bronze Age: Pampilhosa da Serra, Alcoutim, Abrantes, Santarém, Viseu, Vila Nova de Paiva, Castro Daire. Included in this study are the necropolis caves of Spanish Extremadura, representing as they do a chronological continuum from the Early Neolithic to the Bronze Age, and other related sites such as the Canaleja Gorge karstic complex and a range of other megalithic phenomena (menhirs, stelae, cromlechs, dolmens) in the southern Iberian Peninsula (Alentejo and Andalusia).
Early Medieval Agriculture, Livestock and Cereal Production in Ireland, AD 400-1100 by Finbar McCormick, Thomas R. Kerr, Meriel McClatchie and Aidan O'Sullivan. x+688 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2647 2014. ISBN 9781407312866. £83.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book describes, collates and analyses the archaeological, zooarchaeological and palaeobotanical evidence for agriculture, livestock and cereal production in early medieval Ireland, AD 400-1100, particularly as revealed through archaeological excavations in Ireland since 1930. It is based on the research of the Heritage Council-funded Early Medieval Archaeology Project (EMAP), a collaborative research project between University College Dublin and Queens University Belfast, supported by the Irish government Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht. Providing a range of insights into farmsteads and field enclosures, livestock management (particularly of cattle) and crop cultivation, along with a series of datasets presented in tables and gazetteer descriptions, it is arguably amongst the most detailed, focused and comprehensive analyses of early agricultural practice in its social and economic contexts in Europe, and the wider world.
El Neolítico en el Bajo Vinalopó (Alicante, España) edited by Francisco Javier Jover Maestre, Palmira Torregrosa Giménez and Gabriel García Atiénzar. 312 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Spanish. BAR S2646 2014. ISBN 9781407312859. £44.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume focuses on the beginning and development of the Neolithic in the territories near the final section of the Vinalopó river, and deals with the following matters through several chapters. The book presents in detail new information generated in the final section of the Vinalopó river. It studies the Neolithic materials from La Alcudia (Elche), their location, and makes a comparative analysis about the catchment area. This study shows that, both in this case and in Limoneros II and Cova de les Aranyes, the location was chosen according to the way of life of these first farmers. Regarding Limoneros II, it presents an initial preview of the urgent excavation carried out by the company Alebus Patrimonio Histórico S.L., which has allowed the documentation of a new settlement from the Early Neolithic. The book also presents the results of the excavation carried out in Cova de les Aranyes by M.S. Hernández Pérez and A. Guilabert Mas in the first years of the 21st century, and the study of the documented materials in this excavation and some previous ones. Next, it presentd the information collected from El Alterón, a site that was discovered as the result of an urgent excavation, made of different negative structures that suggest a settlement in the 5th millennium cal BC at the foot of the sierra of Crevillente. On the other hand, the surveys carried out in the sierra of Santa Pola discovered several sites and excavated activity areas located near the coastline, linked to the use of marine resources. Finally, also as the result of an urgent excavation campaign, it was possible to document in Galanet a wide amount of negative structures. The palynological and carpological studies, the datings, and the analysis of the materiality of artefacts, suggest a site similar to a field of silos dating from the beginning of the 3rd millennium cal BC, located in the Barranco of San Antón, which runs parallel to the Vinalopó river.
Constructing ‘Commoner’ Identity in an Ancient Maya Village Class, Status, and Ritual at the Northeast Group, Chan Belize by Chelsea Blackmore. viii+120 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2645 2014. ISBN 9781407312842. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Research at the Northeast Group explores how the malleability of commoner identity is crucial to interpretations of ancient Maya society. This volume has two main aims: first to demonstrate how residents of the Northeast Group used materials and architecture to distinguish themselves from others in the neighborhood, and second to examine the implications of commoners as agents of history. Fundamental to this is the deconstruction of what archaeologists mean by commoner and the theoretical and methodological assumptions built into these definitions. Regardless of extensive research in settlement and household studies, interpretations of ancient Maya society continued to be framed with reference to elites. As elites are defined as the motor of change within civilization, commoners, in contrast, are characterized as static and passive. This books seeks to demonstrate that these models do not accurately reflect who commoners were and their impact in the construction of ancient Maya society as a whole.
La fortificazione della piazza di Messina e le Martello Tower. Il piano difensivo anglo siciliano nel 1810 edited by Armando Donato and Antonio Teramo. vi+76 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Italian. BAR S2644 2014 Notebooks on Military Archaeology and Architecture 9. ISBN 9781407312835. £22.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The presence of the British Army in Sicily during the years of the Napoleonic Wars has deeply marked the history of the island. There are many fortifications still visible, testifying to the British effort to defend Sicily against any possible military aggression. The present work is the result of various studies and research, with the specific objective of documenting and cataloguing the large fortified heritage of the city of Messina, currently undervalued and usable. In particular, the focus is on 1810, an important year for the central project of building fortifications around the Piazza of Messina, as well as the vain attempt to make an amphibious landing on the coast of Sicily, organised by Joachim Murat. The Martello Towers still exist, perhaps the most visible evidence of the work done in that time from the body of the Royal Engineers. A series of surveys on the territory, in conjunction with documentary evidence, have identified other military structures from that period, as well as tracing the precise location of those fortifications that no longer exist. This research therefore sets the stage for a more in-depth study about the interventions of the British for the fortification of the square of Messina.
Traceology Today: Methodological Issues in the Old World and the Americas edited by Maria Estela Mansur, Marcio Alonso Lima and Yolaine Maigrot. xii+84 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2643 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 6. ISBN 9781407312828. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Since it was established as a formal discipline, use-wear analysis has become routine practice in archaeological research, under the general heading of ‘Traceology’, ‘Wear Trace Analysis’, ‘Functional Analysis’, etc. Until recently, most of the scientific meetings relating to these themes have taken place in Europe or in North America. This volume, however, represents work from South America, covering a selection of papers from the first session organized within the scope of Commission 33 of the UISPP ‘Functional Studies of Prehistoric artifacts and their Socio-economic inferences on past societies’, realized in Brazil during the XVI World Congress of the UISPP (Florianópolis, 4-10 September 2011). During the session, researchers sought to explore and discuss particular approaches to use-wear analysis and its application to different raw materials. The papers also cover the current state of the discipline, the delineation of basic directions of investigation, new technologies and their correct application, modelling technological processes, and paleo-economic reconstructions. As a corollary, the work also explores the differences between European and recently developed Latin American lines of research.
L’introduction et la diffusion de la technologie du bronze en Syrie-Mésopotamie Genèse d’un artisanat by Virginia Verardi. Appendices and Glossary. In French. BAR S1740 2008. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301822. £24.00. Buy Now

This study looks at the introduction of bronze technology in Syria/Mesopotamia and its subsequent diffusion and social consequences for the history of the region in the second millennium BC.
Complexity and Diversity in the Late Iron Age Southern Levant The Investigation of ‘Edomite’ Archaeology and Scholarly Discourse by Charlotte M Whiting. xi+238 pages; 74 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs; site Appendix. BAR S1672 0. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301075. £24.00. Buy Now

This study highlights a range of theoretical problems concerning Levantine Iron Age archaeology. Following the introduction, Chapter 2 provides the background for the study as a whole, tracing the archaeological study of the Iron Age southern Levant from the early nineteenth century to the present day. This highlights how and why archaeologists have changed their ideas about the narrative in question through time whilst also retaining a number of key ideas. Chapter 3 traces the archaeological study of ‘Edomite’ archaeology in the southern Levant in particular. Chapter 4 begins the critique of the key ideas and assumptions that underpin ‘Edomite’ archaeology by demonstrating that the individual historical sources used as evidence when discussing the ‘Edomites’ are not simply sources of factual information about the Iron Age. Chapter 5 takes a similarly critical approach to the methods of archaeological excavation, interpretation, and analysis used in south Levantine Iron Age archaeology. Chapter 6 completes the critique of the central ideas that form the basis of ‘Edomite’ archaeology by discussing the central tenets of archaeological theory concerning the relationship between material culture and identity that are required to support this idea. Chapter 7 outlines the methodology used in this study, which was designed to test whether specific ceramic types do in fact support the present interpretation of the late Iron Age southern Levant. The results of the analysis using this methodology are presented in Chapter 8. In Chapter 9 the implications of the preceding chapters are discussed and an interpretation of the evidence which does not rely on traditional problematic assumptions will be presented. Final conclusions are drawn in Chapter 10.
Identifying Domestic Space in the Neolithic Eastern Mediterranean Method and theory in spatial studies by Demetra Papaconstantinou. x+280 pages; 68 tables; 58 figures, maps, plans and photographs. BAR S1480 2006. Only available as e-version. £24.00. Buy Now

This work examines spatial variability within and between structures in the Neolithic Eastern Mediterranean and goes on to explore a number of equally significant theoretical issues that play an important role in the understanding of the particular topic. These were matters related to the way spatial information is approached by archaeology and the degree to which the archaeological record is sufficient to provide information about activity areas and changes in the use of domestic space. The work therefore sets information about structures and their furnishing in a wider methodological and theoretical context. Included are extensive analyses tables of data on sites and finds.
El teatro y el anfiteatro de Augusta Emerita Contribución al conocimiento histórico de la capital de Lusitania by Rosalía-María Durán Cabello. 273 pages; 3 fold-out plans; 1 table; 105 b/w photographs. (In Spanish). BAR S1207 2004. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715700. £18.00. Buy Now

Merida was founded in the years immediately preceding the birth of Christ on the Roman crossroads linking Toledo and Lisbon, with Salamanca and Seville. Known at its peak as a miniature Rome, its monuments, temples, and public works make it the site of some of the most celebrated Roman remains in Spain. In this work, the author studies the theatre and amphitheatre from the point of view of construction and, in particular, the phases of wall building. The result is a detailed, course-by-course, picture of these two famous structures and their wider contexts, offering a new archaeological basis for the history of the city of Merida.
From the Ground Up: Beyond Gender Theory in Archaeology Proceedings of the Fifth Gender and Archaeology Conference, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, October 1998 edited by Nancy L. Wicker and Bettina Arnold. 154 pages, numerous illustrations and photographs. BAR S812 1999. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710253. £18.00. Buy Now

This book is based on a selection of papers presented at the Fifth Gender and Archaeology Conference held at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee in October 1998. The central theme was the practical application of the theoretical introspection that has characterized much of the emphasis on gender in archaeological studies. Explored is engendered archaeology by presenting concrete examples of how gender theory can be applied in archaeological praxis. Papers include: MARY ANN EAVERLY: Color and Gender in Ancient Painting: A Pan-Mediterranean Approach; PAUL REHAK: The Aegean Landscape and the Body: A New Interpretation of the Thera Frescoes; SUSAN LANGDON: Figurines and Social Change: Visualizing Gender in Dark Age Greece; ELKA WEINSTEIN: Images of Women in Ancient Chorrera Ceramics: Cultural Continuity across Two Millennia in the Tropical Forests of South America; JOEL W. PALKA: Classic Maya Elite Parentage and Social Structure with Insights on Ancient Gender Ideology; MONICA l. BELLAS: Women in the Mixtec Codices: Ceremonial and Ritual Roles of Lady 3 Flint; WILLIAM GRIFFIN: Gendered Graffiti from Madagascar to Michigan; GINA MARUCCI: Women’s Ritual Sites in the Interior of British Columbia: An Archaeological Model; HELENA VICTOR: The House and the Woman: Re-reading Scandinavian Bronze Age Society; SUSANNE AXELSSON: ‘Peopling’ the Farm – Engendering Life at a Swedish Iron Age Farm; LILLIAN RAHTJE: Husbandry and Seal Hunting in Northern Coastal Sweden: The Amazon and the Hunter; ROBERT JARVENPA and HETTY JO BRUMBACH: The Gendered Nature of Living and Storage Space in the Canadian Subarctic; JILLIAN E. GALLE: Haute Couture: Cotton, Class and Culture Change in the American Southwest; HOLLY MARTELLE: Redefining Craft Specialization: Women’s Labor and Pottery Production – An Iroquoian Example; MICHAEL J. KLEIN: Shell Midden Archaeology: Gender, Labor, and Stone Arfifacts.
Piedra a Piedra Historia de la construcción del Paleolítico en la Península Ibérica by Jordi Estévez. 355 pages, 150 illustrations, English abstract. BAR S805 1999. Only available as e-version. £18.00. Buy Now

The authors endeavoured to interpret the evolution and development of thought about the Palaeolithic of Iberian Peninsula. A line of argument and a broad, generalized chronology are given. For each period examined a brief review of socio-political context is given, and the specialist literature is analyzed. The discussion shows how archaeologists generated knowledge, how they selected from it and how they transmitted it.
The Adriatic Islands Project Volume 2: The Archaeological Heritage of the Island of Brac. 247 pages, 30 maps, 10 figures, numerous site drawings. BAR S803 1999 Adriatic Islands Project 0. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710164. £18.00. Buy Now

This is the second volume of the Adriatic Island Project. It lists the results of extensive archaeological survey of the island of Brac in the Croatian Adriatic. The fieldwork resulted in a database which includes all archaeological sites on the island, from prehistory, Greek and Roman periods to the Medieval time. Each site entry gives a precise location, description and bibliography.
Taille et conformation crânienne chez les Hominidés de la fin du Pléistocène Contributions de la morphométrie géométrique au débat sur l'origine de l'Homme moderne by Martin Frieß. 241 pages, numerous figures, tables, charts. BAR S799 1999. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710156. £18.00. Buy Now

Within the background of modern human origins debate, this book tempts to improve the knowledge of variation in cranial shape and size among later Pleistocene hominids from Europe, The Near East and Africa. The main fossil sample includes crania assigned to archaic Homo sapiens, 'classic' Neandertals and Preneandertals as well as anatomically modern Homo sapiens from the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. Also included were two Asian Homo erectus. A basic photogrammetric setup has been used to ascertain raw data acquisition. The results reveal that size varies both with regard to sex and geographic origin.
Romanizacion y produccion de ceramicas finas en las areas perifericas de la provincial Baetica by Pablo Ruiz Montes. 177 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Spanish with English Summary. BAR S2642 2014. ISBN 9781407312798. £31.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This research focuses on the analysis of one of the most important pottery workshops in Hispania – the site of Los Villares de Andújar (Jaén) - which had a special trade impact on the ancient province of Baetica. In this book the author analyzes pottery production in its technological context and takes a new approach to the reality of the production centre in terms of its markets and product diffusion mechanisms during the Early Roman Empire. The author extends the traditional framework of analysis and widens the perspective to include the regional spread of the ceramic repertoire. The work also contains the archaeometric characterization of different ceramic productions manufactured by the Isturgi workshops.
Hunter-Gatherers from a high altitude desert (Argentina) by Elizabeth Pintar. 230 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2641 2014. ISBN 9781407312781. £36.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book synthesizes the last 25 years of research on the prehistoric inhabitants of an intermontane basin located at elevations above 11,000 ft. This research is centered in the region of Antofagasta de la Sierra, which has yielded stimulating data on human occupations and paleoenvironmental conditions during the Pleistocene/Holocene boundary and continuously throughout the Holocene, including the very arid Middle Holocene —a time when the Atacama Desert to the west and the North Puna witnessed low intensity human occupations.

The archaeological studies presented in this volume take on different aspects of human adaptation, from the earliest hunter-gatherers in the region to the transition toward food producing societies. Authors examine animal bones and fleece fibres, macro and micro-botanical remains, chipped and ground stone tools, and human burials from exceptionally well-preserved contexts in remarkable stratigraphic sequences from several rock-shelters, and discuss the relevance of their results in relation to hunter-gatherer settlement, subsistence and mobility strategies.

This book aims at presenting the research to non-Spanish speaking audiences and at promoting a dialogue between archaeologists who study hunter-gatherers in deserts around the world. It is hoped that the research will contribute to a better understanding of the wide array of human adaptations in South America as well as to high altitude environments.
Le fortificazioni campali dei colli di Finestre e Fattieres Archeologia e Storia di un sito militare d’Età Moderna sulle Alpi Occidentali edited by Roberto Sconfienza. x+388 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Italian. BAR S2640 2014 Notebooks on Military Archaeology and Architecture 8. ISBN 9781407312774. £53.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume is dedicated to the study of the field-fortifications on the Finestre and Fattières hills located in Piedmont on the Italian Occidental Alps; being the unique easily passable transit between the Chisone valley and the fortress of Susa, they had a special strategic meaning and importance.

The first part of the book focuses on the historical documentary study of the fortification existence phases from the first half of the XVII century up to 1799 and on the change from French dominion to the House of Savoy control.

The second part pertains to the archeological researches carried out between 2007 and 2012 on the sites where the remains of the field-buildings are still evident. Great attention is dedicated to territorial recognition added to the intensified study of the most important defensive components.

The essay is supplied with archeological remarks and photographic material. They aim at presenting the real extension of the whole defensive system as well as the still visible consistency of the archeological remains.
Crops, Culture, and Contact in Prehistoric Cyprus by Leilani Lucas. vii+157 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2639 2014. ISBN 9781407312767. £30.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Recent archaeobotanical results from early Neolithic sites on Cyprus have put the island in the forefront of debates on the spread of Near Eastern agriculture, with domestic crops appearing on the island shortly after they evolved. The results from these early sites changed what was known about the timing of the introduction of farming to the island. However, what happened after the introduction of agriculture to Cyprus has been less discussed. This book explores the role of new crop introductions, local agricultural developments, and intensification in subsequent economic and social developments on Cyprus corresponding with the island’s evidence of ongoing social transformations and changing off-island patterns of contacts. In addition to contributing to discussions on the origins and spread of Near Eastern agriculture, it contributes to current archaeological debates on external contact and the influence of the broader Near East on the development of the island’s unique prehistoric economy. This research is a chronological and regional analysis of the botanical record of Cyprus and a comparison of data from similarly dated sites in the Levantine mainland, Turkey, and Egypt. Further, it includes data from four recently excavated Cypriot prehistoric sites, Krittou Marottou-‘Ais Yiorkis, Kissonerga-Skalia, Souskiou-Laona, and Prastion-Mesorotsos.
Los paisajes culturales de la ciudad de Toledo: los cigarrales by Jesús Carrobles Santos and Jorge Morín de Pablos. 415 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Spanish. BAR S2638 2014. ISBN 9781407312750. £54.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The need to protect the physical and cultural environment in which we operate is the logical consequence of the dramatic transformations witnessed in recent years due to rapid urban development. This book seeks new ways to understand the natural and historic patrimony, increasing the evidences that we use to define our cultural heritage. The importance of this has been increasing in recent years leading to the creation of legal categories by the "European Landscape Convention".

In Toledo, as a result of a peculiar historical evolution that has prevented the existence of large urban change until very recently, a number of outstanding cultural landscapes remain to be studied. However, and despite having all kinds of statements of local, national and international protection, an end seems closer than ever due to the approval of a new Municipal Management Plan proposing the construction of new neighbourhoods in places that most assumed were exempt from such Urban development.

The opportunity remains to at least document the evolution of Toledo’s cultural landscapes that have reached the early twenty-first century and these are studied here using different techniques and approaches, an ambitious research project starting with the Cigarrales, the area currently under greatest threat.

This book summarizes archaeological activities carried out within the framework of the project "Cultural landscapes of Toledo: The Cigarrales" developed between 2010 and 2012 . This monograph is intended as a summary of the work, which provides important research, not only for understanding the Cigarralera area, but all urban landscapes.
Pit and groove work among the Olmec-style monuments of the Gulf Coast lowlands by Arnaud F. Lambert. iv+117 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2637 2014 Paris Monographs in American Archaeology 35. ISBN 9781407312743. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

One of the most interesting issues in the study of Olmec-style art, especially in the southern Gulf Coast lowlands, has been the debate surrounding the significance of the pits and grooves which appear on many of the Olmec-style monuments in this region. This study catalogs 58 Olmec-style monuments with documented instances of pit and groove work and evaluates previous interpretations of these enigmatic features based on the morphology of the pit and groove marks, the positioning of the markings on the monuments, and the contextual associations of the monuments vis-à-vis the local landscape. In light of this evidence, a model is proposed which places pit and groove work on Olmec-style monuments within a framework of cultural practices linked to rituals of rulership, termination rituals, and charging rituals.
Il monumento dei Lucilii Sulla via Salaria by Paolo Montanari. ii+179 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In Italian. BAR S2636 2014. ISBN 9781407312736. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The study of the Monument of the Lucilii aims to piece together the historical events of an important tumulus from the Age of Augustus, built approximately 470m outside the ancient site of the gate of Porta Salaria of the Aurelian Walls of the city of Rome. It was commissioned by an eminent member of the ordo equester (equestrian order), M. Lucilius Paetus, perhaps following the death of his sister: Lucilia Polla. As yet, the only written source that provides information about this familial sepulchre and on the cursus honorum (sequence of offices) of its owner, is the inscription on the eastern side of the monument. This study provides a careful analysis of the archival documents, along with a series of new measurements/data and photographs of the sepulchre that had a brief existence, on account of the interment of the entire Sepolcreto Salario (Salario sepulchres area) – attributed to Trajan by Rodolfo Lanciani, the first archaeologist involved with the area – resulting from the levelling of the hill that originally connected Quirinale to Campidoglio. Prior to this research, the Age of Augustus monument in question, as well as the subsequent building phases (also examined here), have not been given the attention due to them in either the archaeological or epigraphical literature, nor in the various analysis of the drawings of the ancient monuments. Amongst the principal studies, the following merit attention: the research done by Carlo Pietrangeli with drawings by Rosa Falconi – until today the only cohesive treatise of the monument; Michael Eisner’s work on sepulchral buildings in suburbs of Rome and Ségolène Démougin’s study on the inscriptions of the Julio–Claudian equites.
Architecture and Material Culture from the Earthquake House at Kourion, Cyprus A Late Roman Non-Elite House Destroyed in the 4th Century AD by Benjamin Costello IV. viii+148 pages; illustrated throughout in colour & black and white. BAR S2635 2014. ISBN 9781407312729. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

In the late 4th century AD, the site of Kourion, Cyprus was destroyed by an earthquake that struck with little or no warning, trapping victims and objects where they lay. Although much of the site was reoccupied and rebuilt, some areas were not, thus providing a unique example of a moment truly “frozen” in time. This work presents the results of a comprehensive study of the architecture, stratigraphy, and material culture assemblage recovered from the “Earthquake House,” a multi-roomed domestic structure destroyed during this seismic event.

The architectural analysis revealed a number of modifications to the structure that increased its overall size and subdivided its internal spaces, although their timing and reasons remain unknown at present. Study of the artifact assemblage provided significant insights into the processes surrounding the use, re-use, and discard of artifacts. This analysis identified numerous behaviors including consumable and non-consumable storage, storage of material for reuse and/or recycling, food preparation, and waste disposal, including a partial reconstruction of the domestic “waste stream.”

This study produced a more nuanced model for understanding the distribution of artifacts in ancient domestic contexts and demonstrates that even in cases of near instantaneous destruction without significant disturbance, a wide variety of variables must be considered when examining the artifacts of domestic assemblages.
From Space to Place: 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing in Archaeology. Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop, CNR, Rome, Italy, December 4-7, 2006 edited by Stefano Campana and Maurizio Forte. x+579 pages; illustrated throughout with figures, maps, plans, tables, drawings and photographs, including 4 in colour. BAR S1568 2006. Only available as e-version. £24.00. Buy Now

In 2001, UNESCO and the European Space Agency (ESA) launched the ‘Open Initiative on the Use of Space Technologies to Monitor Natural and Cultural Heritage of UNESCO Sites’. The ‘Open Initiative’ is a framework of cooperation to assist countries to improve the observation, monitoring and management of natural and cultural sites as well as of their surroundings, through space technologies. In this field of operations a group of experts, called International Working Group of Space Technologies for World Heritage, was created under the coordination of UNESCO, the present membership including representatives of CNR-ITABC (Italy), GORS (Syria), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (China), NASA (US), ETH (Switzerland) and other European research centres and institutions. At the Beijing conference the topics discussed demonstrated clearly that the concept of Remote Sensing was significantly wider than in the past and involved the integration of numerous different technologies and fields of application: photogrammetry, air photography, air-photo mapping, airborne multi-spectral and thermal imagery, satellite imagery, geophysics, GIS but also, laser scanning, visualization displays, space models virtual reality. This conference at Rome in December 2006, building on these ideas, will aim to continue in this direction, promoting the use of integrated methodologies in remote sensing archaeology so as to help in the creation of new and sustainable policies in the monitoring, interpretation, fruition and communication of the cultural heritage. Including 67 papers from 10 sessions: SESSION 1: Satellite Remote Sensing Archaeology; SESSION 2: Aerial Archaeology: vertical ans oblique photography; SESSION 3: Aerial Archaeology: airborne scanning; SESSION 4: Ground-Based Remote Sensing Archaeology; SESSION 5: Integrated Technologies for Remote Sensing in Archaeology; SESSION 6: Interpreting Landscapes and Settlement Pattern Reconstruction; SESSION 7: Environment Analysis for Remote Sensing Archaeology; SESSION 8: 3D Visualization of Place and Landscapes; SESSION 9: Virtual Archaeological Reconstruction; SESSION 10: Landscapes, CRM and Ethics: POSTER SESSIONS.
The West Bank Survey from Faras to Gemai 3. Sites of Christian Age by William Y. Adams. xiii+202 pages; 12 tables; 85 figures, maps, plans and photographs; 21 black and white plates; 3 oversized plans in back pocket; Appendix of finds; Arabic summary. BAR S1421 2005 Sudan Archaeological Research Society Publication 14. Only available as e-version. £24.00. Buy Now

This is the second in a series of volumes detailing the results of an archaeological survey carried out in the most northerly part of the Sudan, between 1960 and 1965. The present volume deals exclusively with sites dating from the Christian Nubian period, between approximately AD 580 and 1500. In brief, the survey covered an area on the west bank of the Nile extending from Faras, on the Egyptian border, to the village of Gemai, 62km to the south. Also included within the survey area were all of the islands of the Second Cataract to the west of the main Nile channel—more than 20 islands in all. This volume contains chapters dealing with each of the major site types, viz: churches, fortifications, habitation sites, industrial and miscellaneous sites, and mortuary sites. The description of each site is followed by an abbreviated listing of all the registered finds from that site. More detailed discussion and illustration of the artifactual finds from all the sites is reserved for two chapters following the site descriptions. A final chapter considers what the West Bank Survey has contributed to our understanding of the history and culture of Christian Nubia.
Møllegabet II by Jørgen Skaarup and Ole Grøn . v+199 pages; illustrated throughout with figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs, including 43 in colour. 5 Appendices including: bore-hole profiles; catalogue of Scandinavian Stone Age boat burials; flint distribution; organic materials distributi. BAR S1328 2005. Only available as e-version. £24.00. Buy Now

Langeland Museum’s underwater investigations of the submerged Late Mesolithic Ertebølle settlement Møllegabet I, off the small southern Danish town of Ærøskøbing in 1976, heralded a new era in investigations of the archaeology of the Northern European Stone Age. The submerged Stone Age settlements and graves, which have subsequently been investigated in the Baltic Sea area and in Danish coastal waters, have proved to have excellent conditions for the preservation of structural remains and items of organic material. The latter have contributed much new knowledge concerning the very high level of woodworking expertise and associated decorative traditions, as well as providing important information on the economy and burial sites of the Mesolithic culture. The submerged settlements have also given valuable information about the substantial shifts which occurred between land and sea throughout the Stone Age in Southern Scandinavia and Northern Germany. In a couple of cases it has been possible to find and uncover settlements from a virtually unknown chapter of the Stone Age in Northern Europe, lying at the transition between the Maglemose and Kongemose cultures. The Møllegabet II-settlement was investigated between 1987 and 1993, and with this publication it is the first major submerged Danish Stone Age settlement to be published in detail in monographic form including several scientific contributions. The study area is situated at a depth of almost 5m below sea level and contains, in addition to an extremely well-preserved dwelling site from the Early Ertebølle Culture (c. 5000 BC), a somewhat later burial in a dug-out canoe of a young male.
The South-Eastern Aegean in the Mycenaean Period Islands, landscape, death and ancestors by Mercourios Georgiadis. vi+363 pages; 173 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs; 18 tables; 25-page bibliography; 4 Appendices with lists of finds, sites, etc. BAR S1196 2003. Only available as e-version. £18.00. Buy Now

Mycenaean culture has been thoroughly studied and is well understood as it relates to the Greek mainland. However, for the Aegean islands, and in terms of this study the South-eastern Aegean, the situation is not so clear. The islands, due to their geographic peculiarities, have a special character and it is essential to appreciate the extent to which their environment affected the local culture. These processes and the way they operate can help us in understanding the character of Mycenaean influence on the islands. Inextricably linked to this line of thinking is the question of migration, colonization and invasion that has been proposed for the islands, entailing population movement from mainland Greece. This ultimately leads to the question of ethnicity and the nature of Mycenaean cultural identity. In order to investigate these ideas, they must be analyzed to find out how they can be applied and perceived in the archaeological record. The South-eastern Aegean, as defined in this study, comprises Samos, Ikaria, Phournoi, the islands of the Dodecanese as well as south-western Anatolia, that is the Carian coast opposite Rhodes, and part of the Ionian coast up to the Küçük Menderes river, Kolophon and Bakla Tepe. Although the main period of study is the Greek Bronze Age, reference is also made to the Neolithic. The book is divided into three parts: Part I, on the environment and movement; Part II, on the landscape; and Part III on burial information. The Appendices provide for the first time all the available data on South-eastern Aegean burials, i.e. the architectural elements of the tombs, their contents and a thorough analysis and presentation of all the finds.
Greek Settlements in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea edited by G R Tsetskhladze and A M Snodgrass. iv, 129 pages, illustrated throughout with figures, maps, and drawings. BAR S1062 2002. Only available as e-version. £18.00. Buy Now

Proceedings of a conference of the Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge and the Department of Classics, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London, held in late 1996. The main of the seminar was to give as clear a picture as possible of the Greeks settled in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Pontus. The work also includes a further paper by Yasemin Tuna-Norling, not given at the seminar, that extends the picture of the reason.