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Social Dimensions of Medieval Disease and Disability by Sally Crawford and Christina Lee. 86 pages. BAR S2668 2014 Studies in Early Medicine 3. ISBN 9781407313108. £22.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The chronological and geographical focus of this volume is medieval northern Europe, from the 6th to the 15th centuries. The contributors examine the sometimes arbitrary social factors which resulted in people being deliberately, accidentally or temporarily categorised as ‘disabled’ within their society, in ways that are peculiar to the medieval period. Health and disease are not static and unchanging; they are subject to cultural construction, manipulation and definition. Medieval ideas of healthy and unhealthy, as these papers show, were not necessarily - or even usually - comparable to modern approaches. Each of the papers represented in this volume assesses social constructs of health and ill-health in different guises within the medieval period.

Contributions by Ármann Jakobsson, Sally Crawford, Damien Jeanne, Christina Lee, Irina Metzler, Rachel Middlemass and Tersa Tyers, Fay Skevington and Wendy Turner.
Early Farming in Central Anatolia An archaeobotanical study of crop husbandry, animal diet and land use at Neolithic Çatalhöyük by Dragana Filipović. xii+167 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2667 2014. ISBN 9781407313092. £31.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Neolithic Çatalhöyük (c. 7400-6000 cal. BC), in the Konya Plain of Central Anatolia, was made famous by the excavations of James Mellaart in 1960s, who uncovered remains of a large, pueblo-like agglomeration of houses (‘the world’s first city’). Renewed excavations at the site over the past twenty years have used a range of current recovery techniques, including systematic sampling of archaeological deposits for archaeobotanical remains. The archaeobotanical recovery programme represents a unique opportunity to directly investigate the socio-economic underpinnings of an early ‘town’ community through the lens of crop husbandry and plant use. In this book, new archaeobotanical evidence from the early-mid Neolithic sequence of Çatalhöyük (c. 7400- 6500 cal BC) is presented and used as a basis for investigations into the nature and scale of crop cultivation at the site. The results shed light on the economic and social role of agricultural production at a large long-lived Neolithic village, and its implications for issues such as settlement location, residents’ mobility, crop cultivation productivity and long-term sustainability.
Archaeomalacology: Shells in the Archaeological Record edited by Katherine Szabó, Catherine Dupont, Vesna Dimitrijević, Luis Gómez Gastélum and Nathalie Serrand. 256 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2666 2014. ISBN 9781407313085. £39.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This publication is the volume is the proceedings of the ICAZ Archaeomalacology Working Group which took place at the 11th International Conference of the International Council for Archaeozoology (ICAZ), held in Paris, France 23rd-28th August 2010. Twenty-three papers are published with evidences of human collection and modification of shells from all over the world and over a large scale of chronology (from Prehistory to Antiquity). The papers are organized in three sub-sessions. The section “Acquisition and use of shell raw materials in prehistory” focuses on patterns of acquisition and use of shell raw materials as well as on the production sequences of shell items in time and space. Specific themes of interest include the exploitation of shells as raw materials in relation to their dietary functions, or choices made to use particular shells along with or as opposed to other raw materials.

The section “Shell middens and shells as a food resource” provides a venue to explore the relationships between human groups and molluscan resources and especially encourages the combination of information derived from multiple disciplines, as well as studies that seek to contextualise shell-gathering in a wider socio-economic context. The section “Shells as indicators of palaeoenvironment, site formation and transformation” aims to investigate the potential of the archaeological shell to answer questions not directly related to subsistence or material culture and especially welcomes contributions which mobilise the study of the archaeological shell in relation to modern resource management and environmental change.
Central Asia in Antiquity: Interdisciplinary Approaches edited by Borja Antela-Bernárdez and Jordi Vidal. iv+122 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2665 2014. ISBN 9781407313115. £25.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Central Asia is a wide subject of research in the archaeological and historical studies of the Ancient World. Scholars have usually focused on the complex and diverse questions that resulted from the analysis of the historical realities of this key region during Antiquity. The purpose of this book is to undertake an approach to the polymorphic and multiple aspects of Central Asia in Antiquity from several points of view. The starting point is the confidence in an interdisciplinary perspective as the main way to understand the different aspects of the region in a very wide chronology: from the emergence of the cities and their relation with the nomadic populations, to the expansion of models and practices from Central Asia to the West during the campaigns and conquests led by Islam. Through subjects like warfare, gender studies and historiography, mainly from an archaeological point of view, the chapters analyze concrete sites like Mes Aynak, Uch Kulakh or Vardanzeh, but also models of interaction among the historical peoples living in Asia Central, like the Bactrians and the Persians, the Persians and Macedonians, the Greeks and the Indians, the Sassanid and the Romans, or even the Sassanid and the Steppe peoples. The result is a very clear example of the richness of starting an interdisciplinary dialogue with the intention of improving our perspectives and understandings of the complex relationships that, through Antiquity, the people living in Central Asia had developed and how scholars can, through archaeology and other related disciplines, approach the historical questions that arise in a close study of the subjects.
Sociabilidad y Alimentación Estudio de casos en la transición al siglo XIX en el Virreinato del Río de la Plata by María Marschoff. 195 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. In Spanish.. BAR S2664 2014 South American Archaeology Series 21. ISBN 9781407313061. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book attempts to historize the construction of the dichotomy between “public” and “private” in Spanish colonial territories during the late 18th – early 19th centuries, when this opposition assumed some of the characteristics that today seem completely natural. It is usually acknowledged that these changes began at the level of everyday experiences that took place in a material world and while interacting with other people. Here we study these everyday experiences, particularly those structured around food habits within the domestic sphere in colonial non-elite domestic contexts.

The first case study is the port of Buenos Aires while it was the head of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (1776-1810). Analysis of a sample of probate records each of them representing a single domestic unit. The second case study was the Nueva Colonia y Fuerte de Floridablanca, a small agricultural settlement in Patagonia (1780-1784). Here, several archaelogical lines of inquiry were followed: zooarchaeological, ceramic and glass remains and the analysis of architecture and spatial arrangement and distribution within four dwelling units excavated at the site.

In every domestic context of both cases it could be observed that sociability affected the way food habits were organized in different ways, but always re-enforcing domestic group identities. It could also be assessed that none of the identified ways of organizing food habits indicate that these colonial societies were on the margins of the “novelties” that took place in other contexts. On the contrary, having full knowledge of these tendencies, each domestic unit negotiated on a daily basis the way they ate, taking their own, very individual preferences, as the main rule.
Guam’s Hidden Gem Archaeological and Historical Studies at Ritidian edited by Mike T. Carson. 112 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2663 2014. ISBN 9781407313054. £26.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Ritidian Site is located in the United States island territory of Guam, the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific Ocean. The site holds a data-rich 3500-year record of natural and cultural history of the islands, now uniquely preserved and open for public access in the Ritidian Unit of Guam National Wildlife Refuge. The place means many things for people in different perspectives, together speaking volumes of Ritidan’s powerful effects as a heritage landscape. Today, Ritidian is known as an archaeological site, as a place where important historical events occurred, as a home of preserved forest habitat, as a spiritual retreat, as an example of land-ownership struggles in Guam, and as much more. While research is ongoing, this book offers a summary update of findings by scholars who have studied different aspects of the profundity and complexity of Ritidian's integrated natural-cultural landscape history.
Proceedings of the First Zooarchaeology Conference in Portugal Held at the Faculty of Letters, University of Lisbon, 8th-9th March 2012 edited by Cleia Detry and Rita Dias. iv+150 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2662 2014. ISBN 9781407313047. £29.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume comprises 15 articles - the result of presentations made at the first International Conference on Zooarchaeology which took place in Lisbon in 2012. This meeting was attended by researchers - PhD students, archaeologists, biologists and zooarchaeologists - studying animal remains from Portugal’s past. The papers in this book comprise a wide range of themes and include material from various periods; the common denominator being their Lusitanian origin. The articles describe faunal remains dating from the Paleolithic to modern times and from various aspects, some purely zooarchaeological, others archaeological and combine a spectrum of methods of study, classical osteology/zooarchaeology, ancient DNA, and even written sources.

The volume starts with an article about Paleolithic artefacts, followed by articles about Mesolithic Muge and Algarve and ends the prehistoric period with a discussion about Bronze age animal remains. The Roman period is also well represented as the Medieval and Modern periods, both with specific site-studies and other more wide-ranging ones that summarize work carried out in specific geographical areas. The volume finishes with an article about the situation of Zooarchaeology as a profession and scientific area of study in present-day Portugal.

Here we are presented with the latest results from the younger generation of Portuguese zooarchaeologists as well as several more experienced in this field. With this small volume it is hoped to put Portuguese zooarchaeology ‘on the map’.
Lieux de culte et parcours cérémoniels dans les fêtes des vingtaines à Mexico - Tenochtitlan by Elena Mazzetto. xi+423 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. In French. BAR S2661 2014. ISBN 9781407313030. £57.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This book analyzes the places of worship used during the eighteen feasts of the Nahua solar calendar, called “veintenas”, and the ceremonial paths of the participants in the ceremonies in the Aztec capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. The work is based on the study of written sources of the sixteenth century, the pictographic manuscripts of pre-Hispanic times and their copies of the first colonial era, as well as archaeological data. In this way a comprehensive overview of the buildings and open spaces used during the monthly rites is presented. Each chapter is devoted to the study of a month and its ceremonies and is divided in two parts. As the first part describes the sacred spaces, the second one examines the ceremonial paths, its participants and the moments of realization. This investigation is enriched by the study of their localization in the sacred geography of the city. The conclusions obtained help to understand some of the new aspects of Aztec religious life: the symbolic significance of places of worship, the geographical distribution of the centers of supernatural power in the urban space and their usage. In this way, these data reflect the worldview of the ancient Nahuas.
Archaeology of Mound-Clusters in West Africa edited by Augustin F. C. Holl. x+196 pages; illustrated throughout in black & white. BAR S2660 2014 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 87. ISBN 9781407313023. £27.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Archaeology of Mounds clusters in West Africa aims to understand the dynamics that enhanced and sustained the settlement systems made of distinct but close mounds. Most of the mounds-clusters are found in low-lying and flat areas in West Africa sahel and savanna. It has been suggested that West-Africa mound-clustering resulted from patterns of residential segregation articulated on ethnicity, specialized occupation, and/or both. However, most of the archaeological research conducted so far on this kind of settlement has failed to test this hypothesis, and does not address the very issues of their processes of formation and patterns of development. The methodology adopted - single mound sampling approach – does not allow for such explorations. The comprehensive approach presented in this book is articulated on the implementation of complementary excavation strategies. This involves the test excavation of all the mounds of two of the largest mounds clusters found in the study area, and the sampling of a third one, located in a different environmental context. The fine-grained chronology obtained allows the probing of the patterns of growth and diversification of mounds clusters through time, showing the operations of a broad range of settlement location decisions. Bio-anthropological data points clearly to warfare during the scramble for land that took place during the first quarter of the second millenium AD. Depending on time-sequences, special purpose mounds – iron producers, weavers, karité-oil producers – are differentially integrated in each of the tested mounds-clusters. No single settlement strategy fits all.
Miscellania Theory, Rock Art and Heritage edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. vi+87 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and Spanish.. BAR S2659 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 11. ISBN 9781407313016. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume brings together several papers delivered in different sessions that, for various reasons, were not completely published. Four major themes are involved: cultural interactions, rock art, theory and heritage.

Papers by A. Meza and F. Vergara discuss intercultural issues in archaeological and ethnoarchaeological contexts.

The paper by Albuquerque and Almeida on cognitive archaeology opens a sequence of five papers dedicated to rock art issues, including pigments studies (Gomes, Rosina and Santos), landscape analysis (Oliveira and Oliveira; Basille and Ratto) and methodology (G. Muñoz).

The relations between New Archaeology and modern Russian research are the focus of discussion by I. Shucteleva.

Urban and modern archaeology in the context of heritage management of contact are discussed in the papers by D. Costa, F. Borba and D. Bandeira, D. Pereiosta and R. Godoy.
Mobility and Transitions in the Holocene edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. viii+184 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2658 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 9. ISBN 9781407313009. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The organization of the UISPP XVI world congress in Florianópolis was the occasion to focus a certain number of themes that are preferably dealt with at a transcontinental scale. Several sessions discussed the issue of transition mechanism (technological, social, economic, and their climatic and environmental contexts).

Marcel Otte opens the volume, focusing on the specific role of straits, a topic that is also at the foundation of Judith Carlin’s et al. paper.

Contributions by Fabio Parenti et al., Gustavo Wagner and Mercedes Okumura et al., discuss the human adaptations in different contexts in Brazil, during the early and middle Holocene.

First farming societies in Southern America and in Europe are approached in the papers by Marcel Otte and Jorge Oliveira et al., while the transition into more complex societies, bearing metallurgical knowledge, is the focus of papers by Leonor Rocha et al., Cătălin Lazăr.

Finally, classic contexts on both sides of the Atlantic are revisited by Erika Gómez and by Carolina Dias.
Technology and Experimentation in Archaeology edited by Sara Cura, Jedson Cerezer, Maria Gurova, Boris Santander, Luiz Oosterbeek and Jorge Cristóvão. viii+96 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2657 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 10. ISBN 9781407312996. £24.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Experimental Archaeology as an hypothesis contrast method, focusing on technological studies, is not new in archaeological research procedures. Since the early 1970s, as a consequence of the application of châine-operatoire/reduction sequence concepts within the framework of Palaeoethnological investigation, or within the actualistics studies highly developed in the framework of Processual Archaeology, the experimentation and utilization of artefact replicas have been used in the search for answers regarding technological procedures and their functional aspects.

However, since the 1990s the research interface between technology and experimentation, worldwide, has increased, resulting in a renewal of procedures and interest in the incorporation of such studies particularly in the field of techno-functional analysis of prehistoric artefacts.

Nevertheless the criticisms on experimental procedures are abundant, questioning its theoretical fundamentals and explanation validity. These remarks result both from the morphotypological approaches to artefact assemblages, but also from a lack of understanding on the range and goals of such studies.

Stefano Grimaldi discusses the epistemological implications of experimental approaches. Experimentation on lithics are discussed in the papers of S. Cura, P. Cura, S. Grimaldi and E. Cristiani; G. N. de Souza and Â. P. Lima; B. de S. Barreto and M. P. Cabral; M. J. Rodet, A. Prous, J. Machado and L. F. Bass; G. N. Poplevko). Other papers discuss experimentation in the production of beads (M. Gurova, C. Bonsall, B. Bradley, E. Anastassova and P. Cura), new protocols on ceramics experimentation (J. F. Cerezer), ethnographic ceramic technology (R. T. Bortolin and V. Fróis), bone industry (B. Santander; C. Costa, N. Almeida, H. Gomes, S. Cura and P. Cura) and rock art engravings (N. S. da Rosa, S. Cura, S. Garcês and P. Cura).
Lithic Raw Material Resources and Procurement in Pre- and Protohistoric Times Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the UISPP Commission on Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times (Paris, 10-11 September 2012) edited by Françoise Bostyn and François Giligny. 131 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2656 2014. ISBN 9781407312989. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Union Internationale des Sciences Pré- et Protohistoriques (UISPP) commission on “Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times” was created at the 12th meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (Cracow, Poland, 19th-24th September 2006). The aim was to perpetuate the tradition of organizing international symposia on flint, established by the Limburg Branch of the Dutch Geological Society in 1969 at Maastricht. The commission intends to maintain cooperation in archaeological research on siliceous rock mining (flint, chert, hornstone, radiolarite, jasper and obsidian), by presenting and discussing methods and results. Major fields of interest include the different stages of chaînes opératoires of manufacture, specialisation of labour and circulation of raw materials, as well as the study of flint mining sites in relation to pre- and protohistoric settlement patterns. The objective of the commission is to promote these lines of research into flint mining and its methods, thus enabling a better understanding of the various phenomena and processes taking place in pre- and protohistoric times.

This volume contains the papers of the Paris conference held on 10th-11th September 2012, together with some additional papers presented at Vienna 2010 and Florianópolis 2011.

A first set of contributions concerns the main topic of the conference, which was lithothèques and reference collections. A further group of papers concerns the second conference theme: workshops, from excavation to chaînes opératoires reconstruction.
Archaeology, Societies and Environments in Africa edited by Luis Oosterbeek, Abdoulaye Camara and Cristina Martins. iv+65 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and French. BAR S2655 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 7. ISBN 9781407312972. £21.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

African Prehistory is at the core of UISPP concerns, namely due to its crucial role to understand the origins and evolution of humans, but also for the complexity of its cultural diversity, in all major issues that are focused by the Union: cultures, economy and environments; specific environmental contexts like deserts or coastal areas, artistic expressions, prehistoric technologies, related methods and theories, history of research or the interaction between archaeology and current society.

This volume presents eight papers that cover some of the major debates in African contexts: the lower Palaeolithic of Western Africa (A. Camara), the interaction between human cultures and environment in the late Holocene (S. Ozainne), the rock art in western central and austral Africa (C. Martins, L. Oosterbeek and G. Heimlich), metallurgy (H. Kienon Kaboret and K.S. Kouassi), pottery (M. Sall) and archaeological knowledge socialization (S. Fonseca and E. Gil).
Diseños geométricos en los mosaicos de Écija (Sevilla) by Sebastián Vargas Vázquez. 202 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Spanish text with English Abstract. BAR S2654 2014. ISBN 9781407312965. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume focusses on the mosaics and geometric designs from Écija, the ancient Roman Astigi, the capital of the Conventus Astigitanus, which is one of four conventus iuridici that made the Roman Baetica. This work is part of a much larger study centered recently on the mosaics and the geometrical compositions of the Conventus Astgitanus, whose immediate objective pursued to cover the analysis of the musivaria of the whole of Baetica.

In conjunction with the mosaics catalogue, this volume presents a catalogue of geometric designs, which are results of studies of different fields that make up the pavements themselves.
Metals from K2 and Mapungubwe, Middle Limpopo Valley A technological study of early second millennium material culture, with an emphasis on conservation by Farahnaz Koleini. xvii+182 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2653 2014 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 86. ISBN 9781407312958. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The book focuses on the conservation of iron and copper objects that mostly belong to the Iron Age sites of K2 and Mapungubwe (AD 825-1290), the two most prominent archaeological settlements in the middle Limpopo valley area of northern South Africa. For the purpose of conservation three main objectives were considered: revealing the material and methods of fabrication; evaluating physical and chemical stability; and preservation.

Chapter 1 provides a short introduction to the study and presents its objectives. Chapter 2 then sets out the analytical methods and principles used in gathering and managing the data obtained. Next, Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the methods of manufacture of the selected artefacts as well as their physical stability. In these chapters the artefacts were respectively studied by the use of non-destructive methods such as neutron tomography and microscopy. Here, a new quantitative technique for estimating the corrosion percentage by using neutron tomograms and IMAGEJ software was introduced. Some of the objects with ambiguities as to their fabrication, were sampled destructively for metallographical examination and further chemical analyses. The native objects were manufactured by hot forging or cold working followed by annealing only in the case of copper, strip twisting and casting of molten copper in one piece mould. Meanwhile, new light was shed regarding signs of a new technique used in the production of some types of round wire on Mapungubwe Hill (strip-drawing).

Chapter 5 examines the chemical stability of the artefacts and the deterioration processes affecting them, considering both the composition of corrosion products and the effects of environmental conditions on their formation. This information was gathered using analytical techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, XRD and SEM-EDS. Chapter 6 then presents suitable and practical conservation methods for the objects in question. These methods consist of both interventive and preventive conservation. The thesis concludes (in Chapter 7) with a summary of the results obtained.
The Excavations of Maresha Subterranean Complex 57: The ‘Heliodorus’ Cave edited by Ian Stern. xiv+132 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2652 2014. ISBN 9781407312941. £27.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Maresha is located in the Judean lowlands approximately 40 km southwest of Jerusalem and approximately 30 km southeast of Ashkelon. This volume is the final report of one of the most interesting subterranean complexes at Maresha. Located in close proximity to an area identified as a temple or shrine, its contents suggest a possible connection to this structure. It was within this cave complex that the “Heliodorus” stele was discovered (Chapter 12), along with Aramaic (Chapter 8) and Greek ostraca (Chapter 9), numerous figurines (Chapter 6), kernos lamps (Chapter 5), coins (Chapter 10), stamped handles (Chapter 7), astragals and an extraordinary array of faunal remains (Chapter 11). In addition, a 7th century BCE bulla of a sphinxa was found (Chapter 4).
Die hallstattzeitliche Besiedlung im Maindreieck GIS-gestützte Fundstellenanalysen by Axel Posluschny . 252 pages, 92 figures, plans, illustrations, drawings, 6 maps, Gazetteer, catalogue With accompanying CD. In German with English summary. BAR S1077 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714569. £18.00. Buy Now

This volume takes as its area of study the periphery of the core areas of Hallstatt culture in Baden-Wurttemburg and Bavaria, including the so-called ‘princely residences’. Through the use of a Geographic Information System (GIS), a tool well suited to the field of settlement research sites, the author explores the relationship between the inhabitants and their environment, and especially their ability to expoit environmental preconditions. The book (with CD) includes an extensive catalogue of sites and finds.
Charcoal Analysis: Methodological Approaches, Palaeoecological Results and Wood Uses Proceedings of the Second International Meeting of Anthracology, Paris, September 2000 edited by Stephanie Thiebault. BAR S1063 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714437. £18.00. Buy Now
Modeling Time and Transition in Prehistory: The Jordan Valley Chalcolithic (5500-3500 BC) by Mark Blackham. viii + 176 pages; 37 tables; 54 figures, maps, drawings, plans; 20-page bibliography; 12 Appendices. BAR S1027 2002. Only available as e-version. £18.00. Buy Now

The author sets himself two objectives in this study. One is to introduce alternative methods for the construction of chronological frameworks in order to determine the development sequence of Chalcolithic (5100-3500 BC) society in the Jordan Valley region of the southern Levant. In this regard, the work addresses a number of issues relating to settlement and social change throughout the period and proposes several explanations based on the sequence of events. The second objective is to evaluate the theoretical and methodological understandings associated with the classification of chronological units. This study advocates the integration of all sources of chronological information for the purpose of constructing regional sequences. In the final analysis, the agreement of both the relative and the radiocarbon sequence is considered.
Iron Age Archaeology and Trauma from Aymyrlyg, South Siberia An examination of the health, diet and lifestyles of the two Iron Age populations buried at the cemetery complex of Aymyrlyg by Eileen M. Murphy. iv+231 pages; 34 tables; 10 figures; 61 plates; Gazetteer. BAR S1152 2003. Only available as e-version. £18.00. Buy Now

The objective of this monograph is to elucidate the nature of the health, diet and lifestyles of the two Iron Age populations buried at the cemetery complex of Aymyrlyg, Tuva, south Siberia, through an osteological and palaeopathological examination of their skeletal remains. A multidisciplinary approach was adopted which saw the integration of archaeological, documentary, and environmental evidence with the data derived from the skeletal analysis. During this work a rich array of traumatic lesions were identified among the remains, injuries which shed light on the everyday activities, occupations and warfare practices of the two population groups. The current text provides an in-depth account of the palaeopathological evidence for trauma, while placing it in its archaeological context. Appendix 1 contains data pertaining to the preservation of the remains and the minimum number of bone values that were employed during their examination, while Appendix 2 consists of a gazetteer of the skeletal remains included in the analysis which displayed evidence for trauma. South Siberia and Mongolia are amongst the regions of the Old World with the most ancient traditions of pastoralism. The analysis of the skeletal remains from Aymyrlyg provided a rare opportunity for the examination of a substantial corpus of skeletal remains of semi-nomadic pastoralists from the vast Eurasian steppe-lands. The research represented one of the first palaeopathological studies of an archaeological population from south Siberia to have been undertaken and, as such, it has made a major contribution to our understanding of life and death in Iron Age Central Asia.
The Reconstruction of Archaeological Landscapes through Digital Technologies Italy-United States Workshop, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, November, 1-3, 2001 edited by Maurizio Forte and Patrick Ryan Williams co-edited by Farouk El Baz and James Wiseman. xii+180 pages; illustrated throughout with maps, plans, figures, tables, drawings and photographs. BAR S1151 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715212. £18.00. Buy Now

The Reconstruction of Archaeological Landscapes through Digital Technologies: 18 Papers from the Italy-United States Workshop, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, November, 2001. Including: Landscape Archaeology in Tuscany: Cultural resource management, remotely sensed techniques, GIS based data integration and interpretation (Stefano Campana, Riccardo Francovich); Hyperspectral airborne remote sensing as an aid to a better understanding and characterization of buried elements in different archaeological sites (Cavalli R.M., Marino C. M. and Pignatti S.); Archaeology at War (Armando De Guio); The Power of GIS and Remote Sensing: Multi-Scalar Spatial Analysis of Settlement Data in SE Pacific Coastal Guatemala and the Southern Maya Lowlands (Francisco Estrada-Belli); From Artifact to Landscape: A Theoretical Approach to a Simulated Reconstruction of Historical Processes in Ancient Ethiopia (Rodolfo Fattovich); Real Space Beyond Solid Models: Spatial Metadata in Ethnoarchaeology (Monica Foccillo, Andrea MAnzo, Cinzia Perlingieri, Rosario Perlingieri); Remote Sensing, GIS and Virtual Reconstruction of Archaeological Landscapes (Maurizio Forte); Mindscape: ecological thinking, cyber-anthropology and virtual archaeological landscapes (Maurizio Forte); Digital Technologies and Prehistoric Landscapes in the American Southwest (John Kantner and Ronald Hobgood); NASA archaeological research: a remote sensing approach (Marco J. Giardino, Troy E. Frisbee, Michael R. Thomas); Genetic Programming, and Traditional Statistics: towards Interpretation of Ancient Landscape and Social Simulation (Andrea Manzo, Cinzia Perlingieri); Preliminary recognition and analysis of archaeological mounds in the lower Sourou Valley (Burkina Faso)( Paolo Mozzi, Aldino Bondesan, Armando De Guio, Francesco Ferrarese, Giovanna Pizzaiolo); Archaeological Subsurface Site Reconstruction Using Computer Processing of GPR Data (Sheldon S. Sandler); Remote Sensing and the Location of the Ancient Tigris (Elizabeth C Stone); Hydraulic Landscapes and Social Relations in the Middle Horizon Andes (Patrick Ryan Williams); The Archaeologist, the Neural Network, and the Random Pattern: Problems in Spatial and Cultural Cognition of Landscapes (Ezra Zubrow).
Les outillages néolithiques en Syrie du Nord Méthode de débitage et gestion laminaire durant le PPNB by Frédéric Abbès. 235 pages; 59 figures; 29 tables; 65 plates, maps, and drawings. In French with English summary. BAR S1150 2003 Maison de l’Orient Méditerranéen . Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715204. £18.00. Buy Now

The period which extended from the 10th to the 8th millennium BP in the Near East corresponds to the PPNB phase of the Neolithic (Pre-Pottery Neolithic B). During this period the last constituent elements of the Near Eastern Neolithic fell into place. The populations were living in sedentary village communities practicing an agriculture in which wheat and barley were the main crops. During the early PPNB (9500-9200), hunting was the only real means of procuring meat. Herding did not appear until the middle PPNB (9200-8500 BP) and then progressively replaced hunting. It is within this context of transformation of the relation between man and his environment that the flint tools and weapons of this study are situated. They come from three Syrian sites: the early PPNB levels of Sheikh Hassan and Mureybet, the levels of the beginning of the middle PPNB of Mureybet and a late PPNB level of El Kowm 2 Caracol. The lithic industries of the PPNB are characterized by tools and weapons made primarily on large blades. The archetypes for this blade debitage are the bipolar nuclei and their variants, the naviform nuclei and the posterolateral ridge nuclei. The difficulty of distinguishing between these types of debitage has often given the impression of their uniformity throughout the PPNB. The goal of this analysis is to demonstrate new chrono-cultural distinctions between these systems of knapping. Thus, through technological analysis, the author proposes new hypotheses concerning the significance of debitage development and its place in the Neolithisation process.
Regional Variation in the Material Culture of Hunter Gatherers Social and Ecological Approaches to Ethnographic Objects from Queensland, Australia by Anne Best. x+188 pages; 60 tables; 96 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs; site Gazetteer. BAR S1149 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715190. £18.00. Buy Now

The author’s concern in this volume is the spatial organisation of hunters and gatherers and how this is manifested through dissimilarities in the style of objects. Differences were tested in Queensland Aboriginal material culture, aiming to search for a regionalisation of style. The study is broad-scale and the results show a clear regionalisation in Queensland that broadly correlates with drainage divisions: the patterns are robust. The model presented is applicable to archaeological research which is concerned with distributions of style and how these are associated with the populations of past hunters and gatherers. The primary data are 813 artefacts (including bags, boomerangs, message sticks, shields, spears and spearthrowers) from selected UK and Australian museum collections. The objects date from the early contact period and were collected by explorers, colonial officials and anthropologists. Secondary sources include published and unpublished material, archaeology, rock art, early photographs and present-day Aboriginal spokesmen. Analysis of the data proceeds from the most broad-based presence/absence evidence and continues to examine and compare the morphological characteristics of the objects. At each stage, the findings are set against the regional model, whereby Queensland in divided into six geographical regions based on drainage divisions. The findings are considered against social and environmental models of style. The author evaluates the impact that ecology plays on stylistic tradition and discusses the social role of style as a means of transmitting social information. She also considers the ‘open’ and ‘closed’ model which, in a hunter-gatherer context, has been linked to environmental conditions. The conclusions of the analyses suggest that both environmental and social factors play an important part in stylistic tradition and stylistic choice.
Mode de Vie au Magdalénien: Apports de l’Archéozoologie / Zooarchaeological insights into Magdalenian Lifeways Colloque / Symposium 6.4 edited by Sandrine Costamagno and Véronique Laroulandie. 138 pages; illustrated throughout with figures, maps, plans, drawings, tables, and photographs. BAR S1144 2003 Acts of the XIVth UISPP Congress, University of Liège, Belgium, 2-8 September 2001 6. Only available as e-version. ISBN 841715166. £18.00. Buy Now

11 papers from a session on Stone Age (Magdalenian) Europe presented at the XIVth UISPP Congress, University of Liège, Belgium, 2-8 September 2001. The contributions include: Reindeer and Red Deer populations in Central and Eastern Europe during the Magdalenian; Reconsidering hunting specialisation in the German Magdalenian faunal record; Acquisition and processing of reindeer in the Paris Basin; L’exploitation du cheval à la fin du Tardiglaciaire dans le Bassin parisien; Horse hunting and the utilization of horse carcasses during the Magdalenian in Europe; L'exploitation de la faune au Magdalénien en Suisse et dans les régions limitrophes; L’exploitation des Ongulés au Magdalénien dans le Sud de la France; Technologie et stratégies alimentaires des groupes humains du Cantabrique Occidental: le magdalénien supérieur de la Grotte de Las Caldas (Priorio, Oviedo, Nord de l'Espagne); Characterization and exploitation of the Arctic Hare (Lepus timidus) during the Magdalenian: Surprising data from Gazel Cave (Aude, France); Des Magdaléniens et des Poissons; Exploitation des Oiseaux au Magdalénien en France: Etat des lieux.
Late Roman African Cookware of the Palatine East Excavations, Rome A holistic approach by Janne P. Ikäheimo. viii+185 pages; 1 colour plate; 15 b/w plates; 25 figures, plans, maps, drawings; 51 tables; catalogue of finds. BAR S1143 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715158. £18.00. Buy Now

This volume, which is entirely devoted to African cookware, attempts to fill a gap in the field of Roman pottery studies. African cookware, one of the few Roman cooking wares subjected to voluminous interregional trade or exchange, was produced in the province of Africa Proconsularis (present-day Tunisia) from the early 1st at least to the late 5th century AD. In general, the quantity in which African cookware is frequently found outside Tunisia is another reason that makes it a rewarding subject for a detailed study. But while the state-subsidized traffic in agricultural products from Roman Africa has traditionally been regarded as a decisive factor, attention has seldom been paid to the life cycle of African cookware. As the life cycle of pottery includes all the stages from the acquisition of raw materials to the consumption of finished pots, the following discussion introduces a holistic examination of extended sherd families from some twenty-one hundred African cookware vessels found in the Late Roman deposits of the Palatine East excavations (ca. AD 270-550), one of the major excavation projects taken place in Rome within the last twenty years. The first objective of this volume is to use the study assemblage to trace down the technological choices related to African cookware fabrics, forms, and other aspects of production. A further important stimulus for this study lies in the history of Roman pottery studies, the most obvious reason being the long-lasting lack of interest towards the class of undecorated common wares. It is hardly surprising that African cookware has never been studied as a unique group, but only in association with the corresponding tableware, African Red Slip ware.
Baluchistan: Terra Incognita A new methodological approach combining archaeological, historical, anthropological and architectural studies edited by Valeria Piacentini Fiorani and Riccardo Redaelli. vi+189 pages; illustrated throughout with maps, plans, drawings, figures, tables and photographs; index of names, index of place-names, index of technical terms. BAR S1141 2003 Studies in the Archaeology and History of Baluchistan 1. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715131. £18.00. Buy Now

This volume is the first in a series that will ultimately provide a thorough archaeological and historical survey of Baluchistan, a vast region that, as recently as the Eighties of the nineteenth century, the Oxford Atlas for Pakistan still marked as terra incognita, its population still retaining an equivocal reputation for inhospitality and cruelty, thus explaining the very scanty attention Baluchistan received in works dealing with British India, “Partition”, Pakistan and its borderlands towards Iran as well as “the obscurity that - in Lord Curzon’s words - has rarely lifted from these regions”. The ten contributors to this first volume begin the series by considering the data provided by literature and tradition in relation to archaeology and its solid evidence and chronologies. Field work is complemented with a comprehensive investigation through the literary sources, that is to underpin the study of material and human evidence with a systematic study of the available literature, in both eastern and western languages, printed and manuscript: the starting point were the sources in Arabic referring to Parthian, Sasanian and early Islamic times, and from there the authors investigate all literature focused on “mediaeval” periods up to Europe’s appearance on this eastern stage. Work in the anthropological and ethno-anthropological sectors has advanced the study of the current settlements through the analysis of their organization, ever dependent on the water factor, a vital element and source of wealth in this arid, desolate and decidedly inhospitable desert - pre-desert environment. A final section considers monuments, and remains of a past that is rapidly vanishing. The result is a reconstruction of Baluchistan’s history in more than purely political - dynastic terms, and an outline of specific phases and periods concerning its life in all its various aspects and components.
Comunidades Neolíticas del Noreste de la Península Ibérica Una aproximación socio-económica a partir del estudio de la función de los útiles líticos by Juan Francisco Gibaja Bao. 318 pages; 67 figures, maps, plans, photographs, drawings; 161 tables; 30 page bibliography; in Spanish with summaries in English and French. BAR S1140 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715123. £18.00. Buy Now

This volume presents the results of a statistical approach applied to assemblages of grave goods (and a use-wear analysis of the stone artefacts) found in the Neolithic settlements of Ca n'Isach (Girona, Spain), the storage pits of Bòbila Madurell (Barcelona, Spain), and the burial-fields of Sant Pau del Camp (Barcelona, Spain), Camí de Can Grau (Barcelona, Spain) and Bòbila Madurell. The main aim of the research was to attempt to understand some aspects of the socio-economic organization of the ancient people buried in these necropolises. The author set himself the task of not only describing the archaeological material and presenting some economic and chronological hypotheses, but also attempted to define some aspects of the social structure of these human groups. The selection of sites, especially the burial-grounds, was carefully made and determined by a number of factors (burials dated to the Early and Middle Neolithic period in the Northeast region of the Iberian Peninsula (5th-4th Millennium cal BC); the majority of the burials were single ones; and the state of preservation of the anthropological, grave goods and stone remains was good or excellent. Altogether, 117 graves were analysed. In Spanish with summaries in English and French.
Excavations at Arjourne, Syria edited by Peter J. Parr. viii+290 pages; 14 chapters by various authors. Well illustrated with graphs, tables, drawings, maps, plans, photographs, and diagrams. BAR S1134 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715077. £18.00. Buy Now

This study looks at the settlement site of Arjourne, situated on a low rise overlooking the Orontes River just South of Lake Homs in Syria. This site was first settled in the middle of the 6th millennium BC. The majority of the pottery and stone objects from this period link this site to other ‘peripheral Halaf culture’ sites, and this consisted of a mix of Levantine and northern Mesopotamian influences. This shows that the settlers at this site may well have come from nearby culturally-related sites, but this cannot be proved. The archaeozoological evidence shows that these settlers must have kept domesticated livestock, and they must also have been farmers judging by the various plant remains, suggesting that they were at least partly sedentary. A number of pits were excavated at this site, and these were generally filled with rubbish from the occupation of the site, but the nature of this rubbish was in horizontal layers, indicating a gradual build up on habitation floors rather than as part of rubbish-filled pits. These are interpreted as the emplacements for small shelters which served only the temporary needs of the seasonal farmers who used this site. This site was therefore very small in terms of population at any one time, although the radiocarbon evidence suggests that each ‘pit’ could have been in use for up to 200 to 250 years. Judging from the number of pits this means that the settlement could have been inhabited for at least 700 years or more. After abandonment the site was again inhabited in the 5th millennium BC, and was similar in nature to before, except for a few new pottery types. However, one major difference was the effect of the secondary products revolution, increasing the amount of cattle and sheep, but reducing the amount of goats present at the site, as wool and dairy products became more important. Donkeys and Horses also became more important at this time. Arjourne seems to have been abandoned for several thousand years following this phase, and it may have been used as a burial ground during the 3rd millennium BC. However, the site was not permanently resettled until the 4th or early 3rd century BC, and this was only on a small scale and was not occupied foe very long. Much later a Muslim cemetery was placed on the highest part of the site, but this is no longer in use. The evidence from the excavations at Arjourne is presented in this book in fourteen papers, and thes are as follows: (1) Synopsis; (2) The environmental setting; (3) The site and its excavation; (4) The resistivity survey; (5) The AMS radiocarbon dates: an analysis and interpretation; (6) The prehistoric pottery; (7) The lithic industries; (8) The groundstone objects; (9) Other prehistoric artefacts; (10) The prehistoric burial; (11) Animal husbandry in the Late Neolithic and Chalcolithic at Arjourne: the secondary products revolution revisited; (12) Wild and cultivated food plants and the evidence for crop processing activities; (13) The Persian-Hellenistic occupation; (14) Concluding remarks.
Secuencias de cambio social en una region mediterránea Análisi sarqueológico de la depressión de Vera (Almeria) entre los siglos V y XI. Sequences of Social Change in a Mediterranean Region: by Montserrat Menasanch de Tobaruela. 306 pages. Main text in Spanish, but contains an 18 page English Summary; 100 figures, 15 tables, 47 graphs, 7 photographs. BAR S1132 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 11841715050. £18.00. Buy Now

This study focuses on the archaeological record of South-Eastern Spain during the period stretching from the end of the Late Roman period up until the establishment of the new ‘states’ of the Taifa Kingdoms and the Caliphate of Cordoba. This work is a study of the area of the Vera Basin, and attempts to explain the socio-economic organisation and its interaction with the surrounding environment of this region, and is based therefore on the material remains from settlements during this period. The study is comprised of three parts, the first section is concerned with the period in which these sites existed, the second is concerned with the spatial positioning of these sites, with the third section being a general conclusion. The first section splits the period in question into six distinct phases encompassing the 3rd to the 11th centuries AD. The study looks at occupation in the area in question during these phases and discusses population fluctuations over these periods. The present day environment of the Vera Basin is a semi-desert landscape situated in the south-eastern region of the Iberian peninsula, with the palaeo-ecological data suggesting that there was a period of unusually high aridity from the 7th to the 10th centuries AD, with torrential interludes. The author looks at settlement patterns in the region, starting by covering Late Roman sites such as Baria, a small urban site, as well as numerous villae. Later sites such as Bayra are also discussed, and this was an important site in terms of administration and ideology, as a major mosque was built here, and was the capital of the Bayra district in the 11th century. The study states how the Vera Basin was a heavily populated area at the end of the Late Roman period, and this population was based upon the extensive amount of dryland cereal agriculture, as well as a large amount of irrigational agriculture in alluvial areas. As the power of Rome waned there was a general period of depopulation, with the population becoming dispersed into smaller communities. A majority of the population remained centred around the lowland areas. From the 6th to the 8th centuries there seems to have been an environmental crisis of some kind, basically a period of alternating floods and droughts, and this in turn lead to the widespread abandonment of settlements. The appearance of glazed ceramics in the 9th century probably indicates an influx of new peoples, with three new settlements being founded in this first Andalusi phase. The period from the 10th to the 11th centuries represents a phase of population growth, although the settlements were still largely dispersed. The author concludes by stating that three-quarters of the sites in the Vera Basin were no longer inhabited after the 11th century. This shows that the settlement patterns during the Late Andalusi period did not lead directly into the period of the Caliphate, and it can be assumed that this is because of the major period of instability and upheaval that this region underwent during the 12th century.