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Miscellania Theory, Rock Art and Heritage edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. vi+87 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and Spanish.. BAR S2659 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 11. ISBN 9781407313016. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume brings together several papers delivered in different sessions that, for various reasons, were not completely published. Four major themes are involved: cultural interactions, rock art, theory and heritage.

Papers by A. Meza and F. Vergara discuss intercultural issues in archaeological and ethnoarchaeological contexts.

The paper by Albuquerque and Almeida on cognitive archaeology opens a sequence of five papers dedicated to rock art issues, including pigments studies (Gomes, Rosina and Santos), landscape analysis (Oliveira and Oliveira; Basille and Ratto) and methodology (G. Muñoz).

The relations between New Archaeology and modern Russian research are the focus of discussion by I. Shucteleva.

Urban and modern archaeology in the context of heritage management of contact are discussed in the papers by D. Costa, F. Borba and D. Bandeira, D. Pereiosta and R. Godoy.
Mobility and Transitions in the Holocene edited by Luiz Oosterbeek and Cláudia Fidalgo. viii+184 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2658 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 9. ISBN 9781407313009. £23.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The organization of the UISPP XVI world congress in Florianópolis was the occasion to focus a certain number of themes that are preferably dealt with at a transcontinental scale. Several sessions discussed the issue of transition mechanism (technological, social, economic, and their climatic and environmental contexts).

Marcel Otte opens the volume, focusing on the specific role of straits, a topic that is also at the foundation of Judith Carlin’s et al. paper.

Contributions by Fabio Parenti et al., Gustavo Wagner and Mercedes Okumura et al., discuss the human adaptations in different contexts in Brazil, during the early and middle Holocene.

First farming societies in Southern America and in Europe are approached in the papers by Marcel Otte and Jorge Oliveira et al., while the transition into more complex societies, bearing metallurgical knowledge, is the focus of papers by Leonor Rocha et al., Cătălin Lazăr.

Finally, classic contexts on both sides of the Atlantic are revisited by Erika Gómez and by Carolina Dias.
Technology and Experimentation in Archaeology edited by Sara Cura, Jedson Cerezer, Maria Gurova, Boris Santander, Luiz Oosterbeek and Jorge Cristóvão. viii+96 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2657 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 10. ISBN 9781407312996. £24.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Experimental Archaeology as an hypothesis contrast method, focusing on technological studies, is not new in archaeological research procedures. Since the early 1970s, as a consequence of the application of châine-operatoire/reduction sequence concepts within the framework of Palaeoethnological investigation, or within the actualistics studies highly developed in the framework of Processual Archaeology, the experimentation and utilization of artefact replicas have been used in the search for answers regarding technological procedures and their functional aspects.

However, since the 1990s the research interface between technology and experimentation, worldwide, has increased, resulting in a renewal of procedures and interest in the incorporation of such studies particularly in the field of techno-functional analysis of prehistoric artefacts.

Nevertheless the criticisms on experimental procedures are abundant, questioning its theoretical fundamentals and explanation validity. These remarks result both from the morphotypological approaches to artefact assemblages, but also from a lack of understanding on the range and goals of such studies.

Stefano Grimaldi discusses the epistemological implications of experimental approaches. Experimentation on lithics are discussed in the papers of S. Cura, P. Cura, S. Grimaldi and E. Cristiani; G. N. de Souza and Â. P. Lima; B. de S. Barreto and M. P. Cabral; M. J. Rodet, A. Prous, J. Machado and L. F. Bass; G. N. Poplevko). Other papers discuss experimentation in the production of beads (M. Gurova, C. Bonsall, B. Bradley, E. Anastassova and P. Cura), new protocols on ceramics experimentation (J. F. Cerezer), ethnographic ceramic technology (R. T. Bortolin and V. Fróis), bone industry (B. Santander; C. Costa, N. Almeida, H. Gomes, S. Cura and P. Cura) and rock art engravings (N. S. da Rosa, S. Cura, S. Garcês and P. Cura).
Lithic Raw Material Resources and Procurement in Pre- and Protohistoric Times Proceedings of the 5th International Conference of the UISPP Commission on Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times (Paris, 10-11 September 2012) edited by Françoise Bostyn and François Giligny. 131 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English, one paper in French.. BAR S2656 2014. ISBN 9781407312989. £28.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The Union Internationale des Sciences Pré- et Protohistoriques (UISPP) commission on “Flint Mining in Pre- and Protohistoric Times” was created at the 12th meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (Cracow, Poland, 19th-24th September 2006). The aim was to perpetuate the tradition of organizing international symposia on flint, established by the Limburg Branch of the Dutch Geological Society in 1969 at Maastricht. The commission intends to maintain cooperation in archaeological research on siliceous rock mining (flint, chert, hornstone, radiolarite, jasper and obsidian), by presenting and discussing methods and results. Major fields of interest include the different stages of chaînes opératoires of manufacture, specialisation of labour and circulation of raw materials, as well as the study of flint mining sites in relation to pre- and protohistoric settlement patterns. The objective of the commission is to promote these lines of research into flint mining and its methods, thus enabling a better understanding of the various phenomena and processes taking place in pre- and protohistoric times.

This volume contains the papers of the Paris conference held on 10th-11th September 2012, together with some additional papers presented at Vienna 2010 and Florianópolis 2011.

A first set of contributions concerns the main topic of the conference, which was lithothèques and reference collections. A further group of papers concerns the second conference theme: workshops, from excavation to chaînes opératoires reconstruction.
Archaeology, Societies and Environments in Africa edited by Luis Oosterbeek, Abdoulaye Camara and Cristina Martins. iv+65 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. Papers in English and French. BAR S2655 2014 Proceedings of the XVI World Congress of the International Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (Florianopolis, Brazil, 4-10 September 2011) 7. ISBN 9781407312972. £21.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

African Prehistory is at the core of UISPP concerns, namely due to its crucial role to understand the origins and evolution of humans, but also for the complexity of its cultural diversity, in all major issues that are focused by the Union: cultures, economy and environments; specific environmental contexts like deserts or coastal areas, artistic expressions, prehistoric technologies, related methods and theories, history of research or the interaction between archaeology and current society.

This volume presents eight papers that cover some of the major debates in African contexts: the lower Palaeolithic of Western Africa (A. Camara), the interaction between human cultures and environment in the late Holocene (S. Ozainne), the rock art in western central and austral Africa (C. Martins, L. Oosterbeek and G. Heimlich), metallurgy (H. Kienon Kaboret and K.S. Kouassi), pottery (M. Sall) and archaeological knowledge socialization (S. Fonseca and E. Gil).
Diseños geométricos en los mosaicos de Écija (Sevilla) by Sebastián Vargas Vázquez. BAR S2654 2014. ISBN 9781407312965. £33.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

This volume focusses on the mosaics and geometric designs from Écija, the ancient Roman Astigi, the capital of the Conventus Astigitanus, which is one of four conventus iuridici that made the Roman Baetica. This work is part of a much larger study centered recently on the mosaics and the geometrical compositions of the Conventus Astgitanus, whose immediate objective pursued to cover the analysis of the musivaria of the whole of Baetica.

In conjunction with the mosaics catalogue, this volume presents a catalogue of geometric designs, which are results of studies of different fields that make up the pavements themselves.
Metals from K2 and Mapungubwe, Middle Limpopo Valley A technological study of early second millennium material culture, with an emphasis on conservation by Farahnaz Koleini. xvii+182 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white.. BAR S2653 2014 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 86. ISBN 9781407312958. £34.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

The book focuses on the conservation of iron and copper objects that mostly belong to the Iron Age sites of K2 and Mapungubwe (AD 825-1290), the two most prominent archaeological settlements in the middle Limpopo valley area of northern South Africa. For the purpose of conservation three main objectives were considered: revealing the material and methods of fabrication; evaluating physical and chemical stability; and preservation.

Chapter 1 provides a short introduction to the study and presents its objectives. Chapter 2 then sets out the analytical methods and principles used in gathering and managing the data obtained. Next, Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the methods of manufacture of the selected artefacts as well as their physical stability. In these chapters the artefacts were respectively studied by the use of non-destructive methods such as neutron tomography and microscopy. Here, a new quantitative technique for estimating the corrosion percentage by using neutron tomograms and IMAGEJ software was introduced. Some of the objects with ambiguities as to their fabrication, were sampled destructively for metallographical examination and further chemical analyses. The native objects were manufactured by hot forging or cold working followed by annealing only in the case of copper, strip twisting and casting of molten copper in one piece mould. Meanwhile, new light was shed regarding signs of a new technique used in the production of some types of round wire on Mapungubwe Hill (strip-drawing).

Chapter 5 examines the chemical stability of the artefacts and the deterioration processes affecting them, considering both the composition of corrosion products and the effects of environmental conditions on their formation. This information was gathered using analytical techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, XRD and SEM-EDS. Chapter 6 then presents suitable and practical conservation methods for the objects in question. These methods consist of both interventive and preventive conservation. The thesis concludes (in Chapter 7) with a summary of the results obtained.
The Excavations of Maresha Subterranean Complex 57: The ‘Heliodorus’ Cave edited by Ian Stern. xiv+132 pages; illustrated throughout in black and white. BAR S2652 2014. ISBN 9781407312941. £27.00. Book contents pageBuy Now

Maresha is located in the Judean lowlands approximately 40 km southwest of Jerusalem and approximately 30 km southeast of Ashkelon. This volume is the final report of one of the most interesting subterranean complexes at Maresha. Located in close proximity to an area identified as a temple or shrine, its contents suggest a possible connection to this structure. It was within this cave complex that the “Heliodorus” stele was discovered (Chapter 12), along with Aramaic (Chapter 8) and Greek ostraca (Chapter 9), numerous figurines (Chapter 6), kernos lamps (Chapter 5), coins (Chapter 10), stamped handles (Chapter 7), astragals and an extraordinary array of faunal remains (Chapter 11). In addition, a 7th century BCE bulla of a sphinxa was found (Chapter 4).
Charsadda. The British-Pakistani Excavations at the Bala Hisar by Robin Coningham and Ihsan Ali. xii+286 pages; illustrated throughout with maps, plans, tables, drawings and photographs, including 4 colour plates; index. BAR S1709 2007 Society for South Asian Studies Monograph 5. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301532. £24.00. Buy Now

The Bala Hisar of Charsadda is a 23m high mound covering an area of some 25 hectares close to the confluence of the Swat and Kabul rivers in North West Frontier Province’s Vale of Peshawa. Astride one of the arteries of the Silk Road, the uttarapatha, the mountain passes to its north and west link south Asia with central and western Asia. Strewn with thousands of ceramic sherds, cobbles and brickbats, the Bala Hisar was identified in 1863 as the city of Pushkalavati, one of the ancient capitals of Gandhar. Although not as formally investigated as Taxila to its south-east, it has been subject to antiquarian and archaeological interest for over 100 years on account of its historical links with the Achaemenid Empire and Alexander the Great. The focus of this research may have changed significantly over time, mirroring broader methodological and theoretical changes, but all researchers have attempted to identify when this great tell site was founded and occupied, and whether there is evidence of Alexander’s siege of the site. These issues are not merely of interest to ancient historians but are of great interest to archaeologists of both southern and western Asia as the origins of South Asia second urbanisation are also under scrutiny, in Sir Mortimer Wheeler’s words ‘The outstanding importance of Charsadda lies in its earlier phases, when it was a metropolitan centre of Asiatic trade and meeting-place of oriental and occidental cultures’. Indeed, most archaeologists would agree that the Bala Hisar of Charsadda and Taxila are amongst the earliest cities that emerged during the subcontinent’s second urbanization.
The Adriatic Islands Project. Volume 3. The Archaeological Heritage of Vis, Biševo, Svetac, Palagruža and Šolta by Branko Kirigin, Nikša Vujnovic, Slobodan Cace, Vincent Gaffney, Tomaž Podobnikar, Zoran Stancic and Josip Burmaz. Edited by Vincent Gaffney and Branko Kirigin. iv+239 pages; 18 maps, 3 tables, 6 figures; 3 catalogues of sites by site number, site toponym, and primary site period. BAR S1492 2006 Adriatic Islands Project 3. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841719234. £24.00. Buy Now

This is the third in a projected series of five volumes dedicated to the work of the Adriatic Islands Project (AIP). The first volume, The Archaeological Heritage of the Island of Hvar, Croatia was published bilingually, in English and Croatian (Gaffney et al. 1997). The second volume, The Archaeological Heritage of the Island of Brac, Croatia was published in English (Stanèiè et al. 1999). This volume builds on the achievements of these earlier publications. The work utilises, essentially, the same research methodologies developed for survey on Hvar and Brac. The continuing reliance of project staff on complex computer technologies to store and analyse the large project databases also remains, and the impact of the increasing sophistication of these technologies for display of data can be seen in this publication. This book, covering prehistory to medieval times, is divided into two parts, reflecting the diverse nature of the areas under study. Part one deals with the most remote island group that fell within the project study area and includes the island of Vis and the smaller islands that have for centuries been associated with Vis; Biševo, Svetac and Palagruža. Part two deals specifically with the island of Šolta. Šolta lies just west of Brac and is the part of the project study area that is nearest to the mainland.
Lithic Technology of Neolithic Syria by Yoshihiro Nishiaki. 241 pages, numerous illustrations, maps and tables. BAR S840 2000. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710458. £18.00. Buy Now

This study examines the interpretative possibilities of stone tools for understanding cultural development in the Levantine Neolithic. The emphasis is on behavioural aspects of lithic industries such as core reduction and raw material use rather than on typological study of particular tool forms. Analysis of raw material procurement, core reduction and tool manufacturing processes were carried out for the material from Douara Cave II, Tell Damishliyya, Tell Nebi Mend and Tell Kashkashok II. The inter-relations between sites have been looked at and the results show that the change from Pre-Pottery to the Pottery Neolithic was characterized by the increasing use of locally available material, as well as a move from specialized blade to more expedient flake production. The suggestion is that the change in lithic technology closely reflected changing patterns in settlement system, subsistence economy and social organization.
Ethno-Archaeology in Jenné, Mali Craft and status among smiths, potters and masons by Adria LaViolette. 156 pages, 41 plates with b/w photographs, maps. BAR S838 2000 Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 49. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710431. £18.00. Buy Now

This is an ethnoarcaheological study exploring social and economic lives of specialized producers: blacksmiths, potters and masons, working in the Middle Niger area. The area was chosen because archaeological finds evidence some two thousand years of pottery making andiron smelting and forging. The three groups studied showed striking differences between them. The study included interest in persons and systems which resulted in considerations of specialization, and dedicated lineage production in the past, and the possible roles these may have played in Iron Age urbanism.
Estudio introductorio del léxico de las inscripciones de Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, by José Miguel García Campillo. 179 pages, 66 b/w illustrations. BAR S831 2000. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710415. £18.00. Buy Now

This study represents a compilation and systematisation of a corpus of Mayan inscriptions dated to the 9th century from Chitchén Itzá, Mexico. A philological analysis has been carried out, which enabled further studies on the characteristic dialect used for the inscriptions. The catalogue consists of transliteration, transcription and translation of 47 glyphic texts which represent more than 90% of the known epigraphical production of the city of Chichén Itzá.
Vitreous Materials at Amarna The production of glass and faience in 18th Dynasty Egypt by Andrew J Shortland. 184 pages, 114 b/w figures and photos, 7 colour photographs. BAR S827 2000. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710385. £18.00. Buy Now

This book investigates the technological processes involved in the making of ancient vitreous materials concentrating on the site of Amarna, in Middle Egypt. Amarna was the capital city of the 18th Dynasty king, Akhenaten (1352-1336 BC). The manufacture of vitreous materials in Dynastic Egypt reached its zenith in terms of artistic and technical accomplishment in the 18th Dynasty. Amidst the debate over the source of these technological advances, whether some of the vitreous materials were imported or manufactured locally, the entire process of manufacture is examined, from the selection of raw materials, preliminary processing and eventual firing right through to the distribution of the finished objects. Analysis of the finished objects and the waste materials of the production sequence by scanning electron microscope and other techniques forms the principal source of evidence, supported by close examination of the archaeological context. The significance of the different types and colours of glasses is examined and compared to the material from tomb paintings and texts, which sheds light on the relationship between Egpytian glass and Mesopotamian glasses. The overall social and political climate of the city of Amarna and other New Kingdom towns is also considered where this might help our understanding of the conditions of craftsmen in vitreous materials or of the overall control of the industry.
Vergleichen als archäologische Methode Analogien in den Archäologien - Mit Beiträgen einer Tagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Theorie (T-AG) und einer Kommentierten Bibliographie edited by Alexander Gramsch. 192 pages, b/w illustrations and photographs. BAR S825 2000. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710377. £18.00. Buy Now

The contents include: IRINA PODGORNY: The "Non-Metallic Savages": the use of analogy in Victorian geological archaeology and French Paleoethnology and its reception in Argentina in the decade of 1870; DAVID VAN REYBROUCK: Beyond ethnoarchaeology? – A critical history on the role of ethnographic analogy in contextual and post-processual archaeology; FRITZ SEIBEL: Der Aktualistische Vergleich; GÜNTER KRAUSE: Odysseus am Niederrhein? Bemerkungen zu "Historischen Analogien" und zu Versuchen, archäologische und historische Quellen aufeinander zu beziehen; REINHARD JUNG: Das Megaron – ein Analogie(kurz)schluss der ägäischen Archäologie; JOACHIM STEPHAN: Die drei Gaben Libussas und das Fürstentum der Tschechen; PETER F. BIEHL: Kontextuelle Archäologie. Zur Neubestimmung von Kontext und Analogie in der Vor- und rühgeschichtsforschung; ROLAND R. WIERMANN: Hinter'm Horizont geht's weiter ... Vom Nutzen der ethnographischen Analogie für die Urgeschichtsforschung; DIRK KRAUßE: Intra- und interkulturelle Vergleichsverfahren in der Hallstatt-Archäologie; ERIKA MARION ROBRAHN-GONZÁLEZ: Reflexionen über den Gebrauch der historischen Analogie in Brasilien; REINHARD BERNBECK: Towards a Gendered Past – The heuristic value of analogies; ALEXANDER GRAMSCH: Braucht Prähistorie Vergleiche?; CORNELIUS HOLTORF: Making sense of the past beyond analogies; ULRIKE SOMMER (RED.): Kommentierte Bibliographi
Anuradhapura The British-Sri Lankan Excavations at Anuradhapura Salgaha Watta 2. Volume I: The Site by Robin Coningham. 209 pages, 122 figures, and b/w photographs, 20 colour photographs. BAR S824 1999 Society for South Asian Studies Monograph 3. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710369. £18.00. Buy Now

First of the two reports on the joint British and Sri Lankan excavations in Anuradhapura, today’s capital of Sri Lanka’s North Central Province. This very important site fills a lacuna in the chronological and artefactual sequences for the whole island. The city can be classified as an Early Historic fortified city dated back to the fourth century BC. Excellent sequence of structures and artefacts unearthed allow a study of an aspect of the urbanization of South Asia in some detail, with development from a small Iron Age settlement to a medieval metropolis. The excavations also provided basis for the study of Indian Ocean trade routes, development of writing systems, and the development of Buddhism, as relics associated with the Buddha were found.
Los Orígenes de la Estratificación Social Patrones de Desigualdad en la Edad del Bronce del Suroeste de la Península Ibérica (Sierra Morena Occidental c. 1700-1100 a.n.e./2100-1300 A.N.E.) by Leonardo García. 307 pages, 170 b/w illustrations. BAR S823 1999. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710350. £18.00. Buy Now

Focussed on the sierra de Huelva, in southwest Spain, Sanjuán constructs a regional sequence change from c. 2500 to 750 BC. The study combines the results of the survey, excavation and locational analysis to construct a sequence of social and political change from the Copper to Bronze Age settlements. An attempt was made to develop a middle range theory capable of diagnosing Social Stratification through archaeological record, followed by setting of the space-time coordinates for the empirical testing of the theoretical concepts. The main emphasis is put on the assessment of the changing patterns of inequality observed among Copper and Bronze Age societies, and particularly on whether Bronze Age social formations could have formed a state.
Prehistoric Agriculture in Southern Spain during the Neolithic and the Bronze Age The application of ethnographic models by Leonor Peña-Chocarro. 167 pages, 37 photographs. BAR S818 1999. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710318. £18.00. Buy Now

The objective of this work is the study of prehistoric agriculture during the Neolithic and the Bronze Age in a small region of Andalucía. Ethnographic models to archaeobotanical samples were applied. This was possible because small pockets of land where glume-wheat cultivation continues to date can be studied. Therefore a detailed analysis of glume-wheat husbandry and processing sequences was carried out. The result is an extension of the range of current ethnographic models used in archaeobotany for interpreting remains of crops and their weeds in terms of ancient husbandry practices.
 Hellenistic and Roman Relief Pottery in Liburnia (North-East Adriatic, Croatia) by Zdenko Brusic. 254 pages, 122 plates of drawings and photographs. BAR S817 1999. Only available as e-version. ISBN 184171030X. £18.00. Buy Now

Study of the relief pottery from the 4th century BC to the 5th century AD found on the territory inhabited in Iron Age and Roman Periods by the Liburni, on today’s north-central coastal area of Croatia. For the first time the author analyses a special ‘Hellenistic’ group of pottery for which there is evidence that it was produced in Liburnia and in Dalmatia in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. The use of such pottery in funerary rites by the Iron Age Liburnian population is documented on cemeteries belonging to authochtonous hill-forts. Other pottery examined and illustrated are imports of Arretine , North Italian and Gaulish sigillata, relief pottery from Cnidian, Corinthian, African and Asia Minor workshops.
Exchange and Cultural Interactions A study of long-distance trade and cross-cultural contacts in the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age in Central and Eastern Europe by Andrej Pydyn. 235 pages, 88 maps, 58 figures. BAR S813 1999. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841710261. £18.00. Buy Now

The book analyses exchange and trade in their social contexts, during the transition from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, with a professed interest in long-term changes occurring over a vast area of central and eastern Europe. Different areas of central Europe were united by symbolic and commercial systems.
Paleoindian Subsistence Dynamics on the Northwestern Great Plains Zooarchaeology of the Agate Basin and Clary Ranch by Matthew G. Hill. viii+144 pages; 55 tables; 60 figures, maps, plans, drawings and photographs; 5 data Appendices. BAR S1756 2008. Only available as e-version. ISBN 9781407301952. £24.00. Buy Now

This study illuminates structural variability in hunter/gatherer diet and subsistence behavior under conditions of low population density and rapid ecological reorganization. More specifically, it explores several unresolved issues relating to the diet and subsistence behavior of post-Clovis Paleoindian hunter/gatherers who inhabited the Northwestern Great Plains of North America during the late Pleistocene/early Holocene (ca. 11-8,000 years ago).
Plants and Diet in Greece from Neolithic to Classic Periods The archaeobotanical remains by Fragkiska Megaloudi. ix+95 pages; 26 figures, maps and photographs; 21 tables. Thirteen-page Bibliography of botanical and archaeobotanical sources. BAR S1516 2006. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841719498. £24.00. Buy Now

This monograph provides a synthesis of information on Greek food plants recovered mainly through archaeobotanical studies. The principal goal is to present the first diachronic study of the use of vegetal species in the Eastern Aegean region in the period spanning the millennia between the Early Neolithic (ca. 7000 BC) and Classical times (4th century BC). The data compiled here can shed light on several aspects of ancient food and diet, including the geographical and chronological distribution of cereals and legumes, the beginnings of arboriculture in Greece, and the use and symbolic meaning of plants in ancient times.
Elements of Being: Mentalities, Identities and Movements edited by Daniela Hofmann, Jessica Mills and Andrew Cochrane. iv+120 pages; illustrated throughout with maps, plans, drawings and photographs. BAR S1437 2005. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841718734. £24.00. Buy Now

This volume is the product of a Theoretical Archaeology Group (TAG) conference session (held at Lampeter, Wales, in December 2003) entitled Mentalités and Identities in Motion. Included here are all the papers held there, and more besides. The session centred on the role of past ways of thinking, feeling and acting in social transformation, and exploring past worldviews as (instead of being relegated to the ‘fictional’ or anecdotal) an integral part of every aspect of human life, not just explicit contexts of power struggles and domination, but also approachable from the material evidence. The contributions are widely spread across space and time, ranging from Northern Ireland to Sicily, from France to Bulgaria and covering almost every period from the Mesolithic to the Thirty Years’ War. On top of this, they are also very different in methodology, in the ways they have interpreted the session title and approached their evidence. Before rushing headlong into this kaleidoscopic mix, then, it is worth briefly explaining the rationale behind the session title and the selection and arrangement of papers. CONTENTS: (1) A taste of the unexpected: subverting mentalités through the motifs and settings of Irish passage tombs (Andrew Cochrane); (2) “Un pour tous, tous pour un”, Communal identity and individualism in northern French villages during the Thirty Years’ War (Hugues Courbot-Dewerdt); (3) Private lives, public identities: a spatial analysis of privacy within Bulgarian tell architecture (Gary Jones); (4) Agents of identity: performative practice at the Etton causewayed enclosure (Oliver Harris); (5) ‘Mending Gauls’ fences with the Romans’: spatial identities from farmsteads to sacred places in northern Gaul (Cécilia Courbot-Dewerdt); (6) Fragments of power: LBK figurines and the mortuary record (Daniela Hofmann); (7) ‘What the Romans did for us.’ A question of identity in the Broekpolder (Marjolijn Kok); (8) War and domestic peace in the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age of Abruzzo (Central Italy). Social reproduction and cultural landscapes as a starting-point for the construction of mentalités (Erik van Rossenberg); (9) Identity and change: the inception of the Bell Beaker phenomenon in the Central Mediterranean Sea area (Marc Vander Linden); (10) Movement as a mentalité: mobile lifeways in the Neolithic and Bronze Age Great Ouse, Nene and Welland Valleys (Jessica Mills); (11)Reopening old trails – Rethinking mobility: a study of the mesolithic in northeast Ireland (Thomas Kador).
Death, Society and Culture: Inscriptions and Epitaphs in Gaul and Spain, AD 300-750. by Mark A. Handley. vii+244 pages; 86 figures, including graphs and tables; 1 appendix, 6 epigraphic bibliographies, lists of both primary and secondary sources, index of places, index of saints. BAR S1135 2003. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841715085. £18.00. Buy Now

This volume is concerned with the monumental stone inscriptions from Spain and Gaul during the period from 300 to 750 AD, and therefore the vast majority of these inscriptions are Christian and Latin in origin, with a few Jewish and Greek ones as well. Inscriptions make up the largest body of surviving written material from this period, but this is a relatively ignored area of research. This study attempts to use this large body of evidence in order to better understand the cultural, social and religious history of these regions during the period in question. Handley begins by introducing Christian epigraphy and places the relevant Gallic and Spanish material in the context of the Latin West. He also discusses the ideas held about death and funerary inscriptions that were held in this period, and he is interested in the changes that occurred after Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, as well as what happened after the fall of the Empire itself. Methods of the creation of these inscriptions is discussed, and Handley looks at literary sources as well as physical evidence, with the pattern emerging of workshops creating inscriptions from largely pre-prepared stones and written models. The usage of inscriptions is another important question, and the evidence points towards inscriptions being mainly reserved for the higher classes and social élite. Handley also divides up all of the burials that have inscriptions into an analysis of different ages and genders; for example, he discusses the ratios of male to female inscriptions, as well as family commemorations. This enables the study to look at when women or the elderly were most likely to be commemorated with an inscription. Handley also looks at what demographic information these inscriptions can give us, with analysis of aspects such as average life expectancy, marriage age, seasonal fertility and seasonal mortality being collected. A large number of inscriptions also record the actual day of death, and this gives a large amount of information on the pagan names of the days and their continued usage, Christian names of days, as well as information on the use, and later development from, the Roman calendar system. These inscriptions also give information on the cults of saints in Gaul and Spain, and go into detail on the cult of St Martin of Tours, also discussing Spanish evidence for martyr cults, inscriptions in the town of Vienne, as well as pilgrim graffiti from Gaul and Spain. The study goes on to look at literacy levels during this period and discusses how much information these inscriptions can give us to determine this, and also covers other questions that this raises. In his conclusion Handley looks at the end of the practice of epigraphic inscriptions in Gaul and Spain during this period, with changes in commemoration practices, and in society in general, leading to a decline in the amount of inscriptions being made on tombstones. Inscriptions of these kind in the period in question are of importance because the epitaph that was placed on the stone became the ‘embodiment’ of the deceased and was a focus for mourning. The characteristics of the deceased were placed there on the stone, so the inscription therefore represented the dead. These inscriptions represented the social élite in the way that they wished to appear, and their very presence was a status symbol. This book opens up our eyes to the wealth of information that can be gained from such a large pool of information that these inscriptions represent.
The Poseidonian Chora Archaic Greeks in the Italic hinterland by Mikels Skele. vi+115 pages; 31 figures, maps, plans, drawings; 31 b/w plates; Indeces; survey inventory. BAR S1094 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714720. £18.00. Buy Now

The Poseidonian chora encompasses the plain South of the Sele River, which formed the ancient boundary between the Greek lands and the Etruscan territory to the North, East to the Alburnus Mountains and South to the Punta Licosa. The aim of this study is to understand the nature of the relationship between the Greek settlers of Poseidonia, founded at the turn of the sixth century BC in the Sele Plain (in modern Campania), and the Italic peoples indigenous in the plain. The Greek city flourished from its foundation until about 400 BC when it came under the control of Lucanians from the nearby Apennines. Recent attention has focused on its three well-preserved temples, the rich cemeteries, and the sanctuaries outside the walls. This present study examines the hypothesis that not only was the relationship cordial during the 200-year tenure of the Greeks, but that the indigenous groups actually collaborated in the founding of the city.
The Archaeological Excavation of the 10th Century Intan Shipwreck, Java Sea, Indonesia by Michael Flecker. iv, 163 pages, numerous tables, photographs, appendices. BAR S1047 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714283. £18.00. Buy Now

In 1997 the author excavated a shipwreck in the north-western reaches of the Java Sea, Indonesia. It became known as the Intan Wreck due to its close proximity to the Intan Oil Field. The wreck has been dated early to mid-10th century through Chinese coin dates, stylistic analysis of ceramics, and radiocarbon dating. While the structure of the shipwreck has all but disappeared, enough fragments remained for timber identification and a glimpse at construction techniques. These clues, together with cargo types and wreck location, strongly indicate an Indonesian ship of lashed-lug construction. From cargo distribution the Intan ship may have been as long as 30 m. The abundance of surviving cargo stands in stark contrast to the fragmentary hull remains. A total of 6,154 non-ceramic artefacts and 7,309 ceramic artefacts were logged over the course of the excavation. Materials are as diverse as bronze, lead, silver, iron, tin, gold, glass, ceramic, stone, and organics. Origins are as far afield as China, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Middle East. Such diversity is a clear indication of entrepot trade, the most likely port of lading being the Srivijayan capital, Palembang. Considering the wreck location and the large base metal component, the Intan ship could only have been bound for metal deficient Java.
Imports of Post-Archaic Greek Pottery into Cyrenaica From the end of the Archaic to the beginning of Hellenistic period by Faraj Mohmoud Elrashedy. vi+329 pages; 8 tables; 8 maps and plans; 10 plates of drawings; 160 plates of b/w photographs; catalogue; 13-page bibliography. BAR S1022 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841714038. £18.00. Buy Now

This study is an important contribution to the knowledge of the published (and much un-published) fifth- and fourth-century BC pottery imported into Cyrenaica (present day Libya), and especially into the region’s great cities of Cyrene, Apollonia, Ptolemais, Barka, and Berenice/Euhesperides. The volume sheds great light on the historical relationship between Cyrenaica and the rest of the Greek world in terms of trade and agriculture, civil and domestic life, and myth, cult and religious practices (including references to the ever-fascinating ‘Garden of the Hesperides’ and accounts of the Panathenaean Festivals). A full catalogue and 160 plates of photographs (of superb and rare vessels from Libya and great collections from Europe and the US) are central to Dr Elrashedy’s study, providing a significant resource for future reference.
Christianity in Roman Pannonia An evaluation of Early Christian finds and sites from Hungary with a fully illustrated catalogue by Dorottya Gáspár. xii; 311 pages; 397 figures, maps, plans, drawings, and photographs; concordance of finds; 26 page bibliography; index. BAR S1010 2002. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712825. £18.00. Buy Now

The first five centuries of Christian pre-eminence in what is now modern Hungary present their own special questions. Among them, did the end of the 5th century mean a real break in the whole of the Christian world or only in Pannonia (modern Hungary), or should a chronological boundary be drawn at some other date? This survey divides the period into two, before and after Constantine (ancient and early Christianity), and, from the evidence of the finds, explores the important changes that occurred in the era. The results throw considerable light on the populations of the various faiths and the gradual acknowledgment of the Christian religion.
The Rural History of Ancient Greek City-States The Oropos Survey Project by Michael B. Cosmopoulos. xiv, 166 pages, 88 figures, photographs, drawings, maps and plans; 14 tables, 22-page bibliography, index. BAR S1001 2001. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712825. £18.00. Buy Now

Rural landscapes constitute valuable records of our past, but given the silence of ancient Greek sources on rural life it is the archaeologists who have can provide the missing information. This volume studies the rural landscape of the ancient Greek city-state of Oropos in order to reach an understanding of the various processes that shaped its history. (The Oropia covered an area of roughly 100 sq km in the northeastern corner of modern Attica, some 50 km north of Athens, and included the important sanctuary of the hero Amphiaraos.) The monograph explores all evidence of occupation, from the third millennium to the decline of the famous sanctuary at the time of the expansion of Christianity. The rural history of the ancient Oropia can be viewed as a continuous struggle of a border area to adapt to the changing demands and policies of regional, national, and international powers. The final section of the book includes a detailed catalogue of findspots.
Vici in Roman Gaul by Monica Rorison. 269 pages, numerous maps, site drawings, tables, and comprehensive gazeteer. BAR S933 2001. Only available as e-version. ISBN 1841712272. £18.00. Buy Now

The subject of this work is the ‘vici’ settlements of Gaul, or more precisely of the Three Gauls; Aquitania, Lugdunensis, and Belgica; ten areas in all are covered, taking in the north-west, south-west, central, and eastern Gaul. The time span covered is approximately from the conquest culminating in the victory of Caesar at Alesia in 52 BC, to the loss of Roman control at the beginning of the fifth century. The initial objectives are to catalogue the ‘vici’ and provide an overview of the origins and development, structural complexity and character, and the functions of these settlements. The ‘vici’ made a special contribution to the life of Roman Gaul, through their workshop industry, their involvement in trade and transport, their cult centres, and the culture of their inhabitants. Contains maps, site plans and extensive gazetteer.