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|BAR 587 2013: Pattern and Progress: Field Systems of the Second and Early First Millennia BC in Southern Britain by Judie English. ISBN 9781407311951. £39.00. vii+204 pages; illustrated in colour and black and white. |
Analytical survey of visible evidence has been undertaken on twelve areas of prehistoric fields in southern Britain. In all cases at least two phases were noted, one directly overlying the other; in ten areas the earlier phase comprised an extensive rectilinear grid and the later, smaller areas of aggregated fields. It is suggested that the earliest of these fields date to the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC, on both sides of the Channel, and that they were symbolic of status within a period of visibly ostentatious possessions. The later fields represent a contraction of enclosed land; their design is suited to stock production.
|BAR 350 2003: AVAILABLE AS PDF DOWNLOAD ONLY. Late Prehistoric and Early Historic Landscapes of the Yorkshire Chalk by Chris Fenton-Thomas. ISBN 1841715107. £18.00. inc. BAT. 271 pages, 137 figures, including photographs, maps, plans, illustrations, and section drawings. |
This study looks at the changing landscape of the Yorkshire Wolds from the Late Bronze Age up until the period prior to the Norman Conquest. This is a very large area so only a small section of this is studied in depth, namely the central Wolds area to the west of Driffield, which today encompasses eight modern parishes. This area has several different types of landscape commonly present in the Wolds: rolling countryside, broad sweeping valleys, springhead streams, the high dissected western Wolds, the western margins of the Wolds, and the high central Wolds watershed. This area includes all general topographies found in the Wolds and and therefore acts as a sample zone for comparisons between these different landscapes. The study starts by looking at this area during the Late Bronze Age, and this was when large areas of land were enclosed by linear earthworks comprising ditches, banks and walls. Fenton-Thomas looks at the origins of these linear ditches, and outlines the roles that these earthworks played. The study then goes on to look at the early and middle Iron Age periods, which were contemporary with square barrow cemeteries, and this period had an open and mobile landscape. The later period of the Iron Age was more occupied and enclosed, and this period prior to the Roman conquest was one of change, when the Wolds were an area of mainly pastureland which was separate from the lowland areas. Fenton-Thomas looks at the historical evidence from the twenty towns from the detailed study area, with the aim of finding out what the landscape was like before parliamentary enclosure. He then goes on to give an overview of the Wolds landscape before the Norman Conquest, using both historical and archaeological evidence. The picture emerges of an open and unenclosed landscape criss-crossed by trackways, which helped to structure township boundaries. During the medieval and post-medieval periods the large common field systems that existed can be seen, especially from place-names. Enclosures became more and more common as the Anglo-Scandinavian period began. Fenton-Thomas sums up his study by taking an overall perspective of the whole period, stressing the pattern of continuity and change that occurred, with periods of relative stability being followed by those of ‘radical transformation’. The periodical isolation of the Wolds is also stressed, as is the importance of certain sites, but importantly the focus is on the influence of the past in patterns of continuity and change.
|BAR 586 2013: Preserving and Presenting the Past in Oxfordshire and Beyond: Essays in Memory of John Rhodes edited by Martin Henig and Crispin Paine. ISBN 9781407311715. £37.00. iv+230 pages; illustrated throughout including 16 colour pages. |
This volume comprises a collection of essays in memory of the late John Rhodes by some of his many friends and colleagues. They salute a remarkable individual of wide tastes and interests. His achievements in the conservation, study and recording of the past from the Roman period to the present day, both in museums and in the field, were prodigious. The aim of the book is to follow the tradition of English antiquarian scholarship by taking three approaches: the study of individual monuments and objects, the investigation of the manner in which that study is reflected in their present-day care and interpretation, and the study of the wider implications of such approaches.
'Memorial volumes can be a bit hit and miss, but this one is all hits, partly because the papers are all iconoclastic in one way or another, offering an alternative view or a dissenting voice, which one senses is what John did in his own life to very good effect.' (The Society of Antiquaries of London Online Newsletter (Salon): Issue 309, 25 November 2013)
|BAR 585 2013: The South-Warwickshire Hoard of Roman Denarii A Catalogue by Stanley Ireland. ISBN 9781407311593. £22.00. ii+82 pages; 48 black and white plates. |
One Sunday evening in the summer of 2008, while prospecting on commercial land in the vicinity of the village of Warmington, situated on the summit of Edge Hill (south Warwickshire, England), a metal-detectorist saw a small silver disk on the surface. This was followed by the registration of a further two coins by his equipment, then others as he began a methodical survey of the area. After he had alerted the local Warmington Heritage Group to his discovery, the decision was taken to locate and mark the nucleus of the soundings being made and to leave further work to the following day. This revealed a spread of coins, at times up to fifty metres away from the original finds, but it was not till Tuesday that the nucleus itself was excavated, revealing a pot full of unstratified coins. Following cleaning, photographing, and initial identification, the hoard was deposited in the Warwickshire Museum pending arrangement of the necessary inquest in accordance with the Treasure Act. During this period additional coins came to light, bringing the total to 1146 specimens. Chronologically the hoard covers the period from 194/190 BC to AD 64, and from analogies elsewhere clearly represents a cross-section of material in circulation at the time of deposition in view of the fact that, with the exception of some issues at times of military stress, denarii had largely remained stable in terms of both fineness and weight from their inception to the reform instituted by Nero. This volume presents a detailed and essential catalogue of this splendid hoard.
|BAR 584 2013: Royal Authority in Anglo-Saxon England edited by Gale R. Owen-Crocker and Brian W. Schneider. ISBN 9781407311586. £24.00. vi+102 pages; 12 figures. |
Since its establishment in 1985 the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies has regularly hosted international, interdisciplinary conferences, especially an annual Easter Conference. The 2006 MANCASS Easter conference titled ‘Royal Authority: Kingship and Power in Anglo-Saxon England’ focused on historical contributions analysing sources of knowledge about royal power; and others which pinpointed loss of power or insecure pretensions to the crown. There were also offerings which teased material relevant to the conference theme out of artefactual and literary sources.
|BAR 583 2013: Architecture, Regional Identity and Power in the Iron Age Landscapes of Mid Wales The Hillforts of North Ceredigion by Toby Driver. ISBN 9781407311234. £33.00. xi+181 pages; illustrated throughout. |
This is a study of the Iron Age hillforts of north Ceredigion (Cardiganshire), mid Wales. Over one hundred diverse and unusual hillforts and defended enclosures are known in this topographically distinctive landscape, framed between the west coast of Cardigan Bay and the eastern high ground of the Cambrian Mountains. This new research sheds light on their architecture, chronology and the dynamic use of the regional terrain in later prehistory, reaching conclusions that have resonance for the wider study of British hillforts. The core of the study is a detailed analysis of the architecture of the later prehistoric hillforts of mid Wales, focusing on north Ceredigion. This shows them to have been sophisticated three dimensional spaces, built within a set of regional architectural traditions far more complex than has previously been acknowledged. In turn, these reflect the development of strong regional identities in later prehistory. This study also examines wider landscape themes including a model for overland ‘cultural contact’ linking mid Wales with other regions of the Severn and Wye valleys and western Britain, fossilised in the spread of distinctive shared ideas of hillfort design and construction.
|BAR 582 2013: A Cycle of Recession and Recovery AD 1200-1900: Archaeological Investigations at Much Park Street, Coventry 2007 to 2010 by Kevin Colls and William Mitchell. ISBN 9781407311227. £55.00. viii+337 pages; illustrated throughout in colour and black and white. Data Appendices and CD . |
This report provides the integrated results of extensive archaeological investigations undertaken at the site of a former car park located between Much Park and St. John’s Street, Coventry (central England) between 2007 and 2010. The results have demonstrated that the site represents one of the most important investigations
into medieval Coventry, and is of national significance. The features, deposits and structures can be divided into seven main phases beginning in the 12th century, through to the present day.
|BAR 434 2007: AVAILABLE AS PDF DOWNLOAD ONLY. From Cairn to Cemetery An archaeological investigation of the chambered cairns and early Bronze Age mortuary deposits at Cairnderry and Bargrennan White Cairn, south-west Scotland by Vicki Cummings and Chris Fowler. ISBN 9781407300399. £24.00. inc. VAT. x+188 pages; 166 figures, maps, plans, tables, drawings and photographs; 13 data Appendices. |
This volume presents the methodology and results for the excavations at Cairnderry and Bargrennan, south-west Scotland. A comparative chapter compares the excavation results from both sites, and presents interpretations of these results, particularly in terms of the architecture and the early Bronze Age mortuary practices. Chapter 5 considers the architecture of Cairnderry and Bargrennan in terms of wider trends in the construction of chambered cairns throughout the British Isles and throughout the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. Chapter 6 places the early Bronze Age activity at Cairnderry and Bargrennan within a local context by examining mortuary practices across Dumfries and Galloway. It focuses on comparisons with other sites where cremated bones were deposited and cinerary urns used and/or sites where cairns were constructed or re-used in the early Bronze Age. Chapter 7 provides a summary of conclusions as to the finds and revisits the problem of dating Bargrennan chambered cairns, before suggesting avenues for future research in Galloway. The appendices draw together the specialists reports on finds from the excavations (including a substantial contextualisation of some of the early Bronze Age artefacts), context descriptions and radiocarbon dating results.
|BAR 357 2003: AVAILABLE AS PDF DOWNLOAD ONLY. Early Anglo-Saxon Belt Buckles (Late 5th to Early 8th Centuries A.D.) Their classification and context by Sonja Marzinzik. ISBN 1841715441. £18.00. inc. VAT. xxii+483 pages; 29 maps; 50 tables/graphs; 22 figures and drawings; 159 plates. |
Belt buckles have long been recognised as an integral part of the costume of early medieval men and women. As items of dress, buckles and belt suites were subject to regional diversity as well as changes in fashion. This makes them especially valuable for the investigation of typological and chronological variation, particularly as belt sets which were imported into Anglo-Saxon England from the Continent provide a strong link to the coin-based chronologies there. As coin-dated graves are largely absent from Anglo-Saxon England until the seventh century, belt buckles offer the potential to refine the chronology for Anglo-Saxon artefacts in general. This work investigates the classification and development as well as social significance of Anglo-Saxon belt buckles from the late fifth to the early eighth centuries. The book explores the non-utilitarian significance that objects can have in general and the way different classes of dress accessories were used in Anglo-Saxon society in particular, to create and maintain social relations. A chapter reviews the literature on belt buckles. This includes the most important articles on late Roman belt equipment and covers British as well as Continental publications. The core of this book is a typology for early Anglo-Saxon belt buckles. Buckles without plate and with plate are allocated to 40 Types and Typegroups, which have 37 sub-Type(group)s, some of which are further subdivided into variants. Each Type or Typegroup is examined with regard to its characteristics, chronology and comparative pieces. A consideration of costume follows, including the evidence for leather belts and clothing and introduces contemporary depictions of belts and buckles. Also included are analyses of the modes of production and distribution of early Anglo-Saxon buckles, assessing the cultural connections with Roman Britain, Merovingian France, Byzantium and the Mediterranean, and Scandinavia reflected in these buckles.
|BAR 318 2001: AVAILABLE AS PDF DOWNLOAD ONLY. The Differential Use of Constructed Sacred Space in Southern Britain, from the Late Iron Age to the 4th Century AD by Alexander Smith. ISBN 1841712132. £18.00. inc. VAT. 278 pages, 42 maps, 25 figures. |
The concept of Sacred Space is among the most prominent and enduring aspects of religious expression. The main aim of this work is to examine the development of constructed cult loci from the late Iron Age to the late Roman period in southern Britain, focusing on the differential use of internal space. At the core of the study is an analysis of the use of space within certain constructed sacred sites. Contains 98 site ‘databases’, giving significant information and plans.
|BAR 242 1995: AVAILABLE AS PDF DOWNLOAD ONLY. Ritual and Rubbish in the Iron Age of Wessex A study on the formation of a specific archaeological record by J.D. Hill. ISBN 0860547841. £18.00. inc. VAT. . |
The author has been a familiar speaker at Theoretical Archaeology Group meetings in Britain for a number of years and his general approach must now be familiar to many people. His specific argument that pit deposits usually interpreted as `rubbish' are in fact structured in a meaningful way is sure to be of interest to all archaeologists involved with the investigation of middens or faunal `rubbish' deposits, though taphonomists may remain sceptical. The wider implications for the study of the Iron Age in Britain (especially his historiographical critique of past `culture-historical' approaches) are also stimulating.
|BAR 581 2013: Female Burial Traditions of the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age A pilot study based on modern excavations by Alice Rogers. ISBN 9781407311111. £25.00. vii+97; illustrated throughout; data Appendices. |
This study examines female representation in British Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (2500 – 1500 BC) funerary practices. Chronology relating to the burial practices is studied, from large scale change over time through to small scale individual chronologies; looking at age representation. In contrast to previous approaches, this study moves beyond purely looking at the grave goods and instead places greater emphasis upon other features of the burials, such as location, form and method. As a result, the methodology used in this study examines the varied forms of this period’s burials, yet still considers them as a unit.
|BAR 580 2013: The Masonry Defences of Roman Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum), North Hampshire Building materials, building styles and the building programme by J.R.L. Allen. ISBN 9781407311104. £35.00. x+113 pages; illustrated throughout in colour and black and white. |
A detailed study of the masonry defences of one England’s most important Roman sites. Erected in c. 270 AD, the masonry walls of the Roman town of Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum; Hampshire, S. England) are part of the third system in a series of defensive works. They stand today to a height of almost 5m and are composed of up to seven lifts or stages, each consisting of a flint core and facing (now almost completely robbed away), capped by a string-course of large blocks and slabs that stretches across the full width (c. 3m) of the walls, formed of a wide variety of rock-types foreign to the district.
|BAR 579 2013: Birmingham Archaeology Monograph Series 15 ‘The Homes of our Metal Manufactures. Messrs R.W. Winfield and Co’s Cambridge Street Works & Rolling Mills, Birmingham’ Archaeological Excavations at the Library of Birmingham, Cambridge Street edited by Chris Hewitson. ISBN 9781407310992. £37.00. iv+203 pages; illustrated throughout, 7 colour plates. |
With the redevelopment of the former car park adjacent to Baskerville House as part of the Library of Birmingham project, the opportunity arose to examine some of the most complete remains of the 19th-century industrialisation in Birmingham. Birmingham Archaeology of the University of Birmingham, in association with Carillion and the Birmingham City Council, undertook an archaeological excavation, before the construction of the new Library of Birmingham, in an area between Cambridge Street and Centenary Square, Broad Street in the city centre. The excavation identified six phases of activity pre-dating, during and after the completion of the brass metal works.
|BAR 578 2013: Searching for Early Welsh Churches A study in ecclesiastical geology . ISBN 9781407310985. £64.00. xxxviii+458 pages; illustrated throughout, two in colour . |
This work follows the study of the ecclesiastical geology of almost all Anglo-Saxon religious sites throughout England. There, it proved possible to both understand and distinguish clearly obvious patterns in the use of stonework, to determine the use and value of specific rock types, and to illustrate diagnostic features which could be used to identify building of that period. Subsequent studies of ecclesiastical sites, in Scotland and the Scottish Islands, the Isle of Man and Ireland expanded the value of the English studies by revealing closely analogous examples of the same indicative features. Beyond the domain of the Anglo-Saxons but of the same age, they were shown to follow a fashion; to this fashion the name ‘Patterned’ was applied.