From the Origins: The Prehistory of the Inner Tagus Region
edited by P. Bueno Ramirez, E. Cerrillo Cuenca, A. Gonzalez Cordero. xiv+255 pages; illustrated throughout. Papers in English and Spanish. BAR S2219 2011. ISBN 9781407307770. £46.00 (No VAT).
The convergence of a number of research groups with common interests in an area little favored by the traditional hypotheses of the interpretation of Peninsular Prehistory made a group of scholars aware of the necessity of periodic meetings to evaluate current thinking. The first took place at Santiago de Alcántara. The contents of these meetings has centered on the analysis of the undervaluing paradigms that have shaped an image of the peninsular interior void of population and subject to late and little compact impulses of more civilizing cultures, always settled on the Iberian coasts, both in the east and the west. The previous volume (BAR S1765 2008) demonstrated the coexistence of open air engravings and paintings, as an exhibition of traditional languages associated with the megalith builders: forms, techniques and environments that fit perfectly with what is known for the whole of the South of the Peninsula, the classical area of Schematic Art. The title of the meeting held at Romangordo in 2008 intends to insist on another of these paradigms: the inexistence of early populations in the interior basins of the Iberian Peninsula. Contents: 1) The relationship of New data from the Arneiro/Nisa Palaeolithic cluster (Portugal): The Middle Palaeolithic occupations of Pegos do Tejo 2 and Tapada do Montinho (Nelson Almeida); 2) Painting versus engraving: Palaeolithic and Post-Palaeolithic rock art in the International Tagus – Sierra de San Pedro (Santiago de Alcántara and Valencia de Alcántara, Cáceres) (Primitiva Bueno Ramírez et al); 3) Burial caves in the interior drainage of Tagus River: the Garganta Canaleja complex (Enrique Cerrillo Cuenca, Antonio González Cordero); 4) One Region, Two Systems? A paleobiological reading of cultural continuity over the agro-pastoralist transition in the North Ribatejo (Tiago Tomé, Luiz Oosterbeek); 5) The Pre-Megalithic(?) Funerary Monument of Eira da Vinha (Perais, Vila Velha de Ródão, Castelo Branco, Portugal) (Filipe João C. Santos, Nádia Figueira); 6) The early Neolithic of the “Coudelaria de Alter” in the context of the Megalithism of Northern Alentejo region – Portugal (Jorge de Oliveira); 7) Tombs, landscapes and settlement in the Tagus hill-country (Chris Scarre, Luiz Oosterbeek, Charles French); 8) Recent Prehistory and Protohistory in Abrantes and Constância Council (Portuguese Middle Tagus) – the research preliminary state (Ana Cruz, Álvaro Batista, Ana Graça); 9) The Tumulus at Charneca das Vinhas (Vila Velha de Ródão, Portugal) (Joao Carlos Caninas, Francisco Henriques, Joao Luis Cardoso); 10) The Tumuli of Serra Vermelha (Oleiros, Castelo Branco). Work carried out at Selada do Cavalo and Cimo dos Valeiros (Feiteiras) (J. Caninas et al); 11) Megaliths and Stelae in the Inner Basin of Tagus River: Santiago de Alcántara, Alconétar and Cañamero (Cáceres, Spain) (Primitiva Bueno Ramírez et al); 12) Rock Art in the Iberian Central Chain: the cases of Piódão (Arganil) and Vide (Seia) (André Tomás Santos, António Martinho Baptista); 13) Representações de armas na arte rupestre do Vale do Tejo – Importância sócio-económica, cronológica e cognitiva (Mario Varela Gomes); 14) Grafismos rupestres pré-históricos no Baixo Erges (Idanha-a-Nova, Portugal) (Francisco Henriques et al); 15) Excavaciones arqueológicas en los yacimientos calcolíticos de Torrequemada y Torreorgaz (Cáceres) (Juan Javier Enríquez Navascués, Mirian García Cabezas); 16) El mundo funerario campaniforme de la cuenca del Tajo (Antonio Vázquez Cuesta).